In situ antibody-loaded hydrogel for intravitreal delivery.

In situ antibody-loaded hydrogel for intravitreal delivery. Eur J Pharm Sci. 2019 Jul 11;:104993 Authors: Awwad S, Abubakre A, Angkawinitwong U, Khaw PT, Brocchini S Abstract Therapeutic protein medicines have transformed the treatment of blinding diseases (e.g. age-related macular degeneration, AMD) during the last 1-2 decades. Many blinding conditions such as AMD are chronic; and require multiple intravitreal injections over a long period to achieve a high and reproducible dose needed for clinical benefit. Prolonging the duration of action of ophthalmic drugs is critical to reduce the frequency of injections. Thermoresponsive hydrogels (e.g. N-isopropylacrylamide, NIPAAM) that collapse in physiological conditions can entrap and sustain the release of a therapeutic protein. However, most NIPAAM hydrogels are not biodegradable and often requires invasive surgery to remove the depot. Here, we report the preparation of a hydrogel derived from NIPAAM and acrylated hyaluronic acid (Ac-HA) as a biodegradable, macromolecular crosslinker. Ac-HA was prepared by the acrylation of hyaluronic acid (HA). Antibody (infliximab (INF), 5.0 mg/mL or bevacizumab (BEVA), 12.5 mg/mL), NIPAAM (0.35 mmol) and Ac-HA (2.0-10.0 mg/mL, 40.0-200.0 nmol) were first mixed prior to redox polymerisation to ensure maximal protein mixing and to shorten the burst release. Hydrogels with lower amounts of Ac-HA (2.0-4.0 mg/mL, 40.0-80.0 nmol) showed favourable lower critical ...
Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharm Sci Source Type: research

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Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Ophthalmology News Source Type: news
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