The impact of the opioid epidemic on children and adolescents.

The impact of the opioid epidemic on children and adolescents. Clin Ther. 2019 Jul 11;: Authors: Winstanley EL, Stover AN Abstract Although an epidemic of opioid-related overdose deaths has continued to increase in the United States for 2 decades, the impact of opioid use disorders (OUDs) on children and families receives minimal attention. The purpose of this commentary was to provide an overview of the impact of the opioid epidemic on children and adolescents, as well as to summarize challenges to improving outcomes for children. Children and adolescents who grow up in households with opioid misuse and OUDs may experience a myriad of adverse consequences, including: increased risk of mental health problems and drug use; accidental opioid poisoning; increased risk of developing a substance use disorder; and family dissolution that results from parents' incarceration, foster care placement, or loss of parent to an opioid overdose. Parental drug use may result in child neglect or deficits in parent-child attachment, and parents with an OUD may be less likely to be reunified with their children. OUD treatment is effective at reducing parental opioid use and improving child outcomes; however, stigma and cross-system collaboration may limit access to treatment and timely reunification of families. Children are the most vulnerable witnesses of the opioid epidemic, and further research is urgently needed to expand prevention interventions. PMID: 31303278 ...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research

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Americans are dying form accidental overdoses at an alarming rate.
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
DiscussionOur review will include the most up-to-date available data including ultra-potent opioids to inform the current response to the opioid epidemic, addressing the limitations of recent reviews. We anticipate limitations relating to study heterogeneity. We will disseminate study results widely to update overdose treatment guidelines and naloxone dosing in Take Home Naloxone programs.
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Zach (left) and Bob (right) According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, more than 70,000 Americans died from drug overdoses in 2017, including illicit drugs and prescription opioids, a two-fold increase in a decade. Opioids include prescription opioids and methadone, heroin, and other synthetic narcotics like fentanyl. Bob Paff has directly suffered the casualties of this epidemic. On January 21 of this year he lost his son Zach to an accidental overdose of fentanyl. A highly sought-after communications expert, business leader, and internationally recognized author, Bob now uses his communications platform to bring ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction General Recovery Stigma Opioid Epidemic Opioids Suicide synthetic fentanyl Source Type: blogs
Actually there are a few of them butRajan Menon offers a good, succinct discussion of the opioid epidemic. When a few fanatics hijacked airliners and flew them into buildings, killing about 3,000 people, the U.S. went on a nearly two decade freakout. Since then, 400,000 Americans have died from prescription or illicit opioid overdoses, some 70,000 of them in 2017.Individual 1 did indeed declare a public health emergency in that year, but never actually did anything about it. Congress did appropriate $6 billion a year to combat the crisis, but that has had no discernible effect. And let's be clear here: illicit drugs do not...
Source: Stayin' Alive - Category: American Health Source Type: blogs
(CNN) — For the first time on record the odds of accidentally dying from an opioid overdose in the United States are now greater than those of dying in an automobile accident. The grim finding comes from the National Safety Council which analyzed preventable injury and fatality statistics from 2017. The NSC also found the lifetime odds of death for this form of overdose were greater than the risk of death from falls, pedestrian incidents, drowning and fire. Examining a variety of federal and state data the NSC found the lifetime odds of dying from an accidental opioid overdose were 1 in 96. For motor vehicle accident...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN Local TV opioid crisis opioids Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Posterior distributions from these models enabled the identification of locations most vulnerable to problems related to the opioid epidemic in Pennsylvania. Understanding spatial patterns of OUD and poisonings can enhance the development and implementation of effective prevention programs. PMID: 30573021 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
​The atomizer is a handy tool to instill life-saving medication into the nose, and you should consider stocking them if you don't already. An atomizer can be used to administer naloxone and countless other drugs as well as for moderate sedation and pain control. Pediatric and adult patients alike can benefit from intranasal fentanyl or Versed. Studies on intranasal epinephrine for anaphylaxis also look promising, but it does require a higher dose—5 mg instead of 0.3 mg. (Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol 2016;34[1]:38; http://bit.ly/2Prpjhb.)The atomizer is easy to use and can be attached to any syringe. Each spray creat...
Source: The Procedural Pause - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: blogs
See something of interest? Please share our postings with colleagues in your institutions! Spotlight The MAReport: read the Summer/Fall 2018 issue of the MAReport newsletter! This quarter, Health Professions Coordinator Erin Seger wrote about her experiences at the 17th annual Philadelphia Trans Wellness Conference, and LGBT health information needs in her article, “LGBT Health Information Resources.” Member Highlights: Stony Brook University, Southampton, NY – learn about how the Applied Health Informatics Program at Stony Brook used NNLM MAR funding to conduct a Wellness Fair for seniors, and later...
Source: NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region Blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Weekly Postings Source Type: news
Authors: Do MT, Chang VC, Tibebu S, Thompson W, Ugnat AM Abstract INTRODUCTION: The opioid epidemic is currently a major public health problem in Canada. As such, knowledge of upstream risk factors associated with opioid use is needed to inform injury prevention, health promotion and harm reduction efforts. METHODS: We analyzed data extracted from 11 pediatric and 6 general hospital emergency departments (EDs) as part of the electronic Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (eCHIRPP) from March 2011 to June 2017. We identified suspected opioid-related injuries using search strings and manual...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research
Better understanding of the dynamics of the current U.S. overdose epidemic may aid in the development of more effective prevention and control strategies. We analyzed records of 599,255 deaths from 1979 through 2016 from the National Vital Statistics System in which accidental drug poisoning was identified as the main cause of death. By examining all available data on accidental poisoning deaths back to 1979 and showing that the overall 38-year curve is exponential, we provide evidence that the current wave of opioid overdose deaths (due to prescription opioids, heroin, and fentanyl) may just be the latest manifestation of...
Source: ScienceNOW - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Epidemiology, Medicine, Diseases, Online Only r-articles Source Type: news
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