Influenza Virus-Related Critical Illness Influenza Virus-Related Critical Illness

When should influenza be considered in patients admitted to the ICU, and how are the associated complications best treated?Critical Care
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Critical Care Journal Article Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Amir Hossein Amiri Mehra, Iman Zamani, Zohreh Abbasi, Asier IbeasAbstractThis paper presents a new Susceptible, Exposed, Infected, Asymptomatic, and Recovered individuals (SEIAR) model for influenza considering a dynamic population. In the given model, the possibility of transmission of asymptomatic individuals (infectious with no visible symptoms) to infected individuals (infectious exhibiting symptoms) is considered. The basic reproduction number and the equilibrium points of the new model are given while the stability of th...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Abstract In 2019, influenza A(H3N2) viruses carrying an I38T substitution in the polymerase acidic gene, which confers reduced susceptibility to baloxavir, were detected in Japan in an infant without baloxavir exposure and a baloxavir-treated sibling. These viruses' whole-genome sequences were identical, indicating human-to-human transmission. Influenza virus isolates should be monitored for baloxavir susceptibility. PMID: 31436527 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research
In conclusion, shift workers in health care had more ILI/ARI episodes and more severe ILI/ARI episodes than non–shift workers, but with a similar duration. Insight into underlying mechanisms connecting shift work and in fection susceptibility will contribute to the design of preventive initiatives.
Source: American Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Pharmaceutical Services Negotiating Committee -This briefing provides guidance for community pharmacy contractors and their teams on the 2019/2020 NHS seasonal influenza vaccination advanced service. It discusses the background to and aims of the service, service provision, which vaccines should be covered and training of staff.BriefingPharmaceutical Services Negotiating Committee - news
Source: Health Management Specialist Library - Category: UK Health Authors: Tags: Local authorities, public health and health inequalities Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): T.G. Baraldi, N.R.N. Cruz, D.A. Pereira, J.V.B. Galdeano, I.R.H. Gatto, A.F.D. Silva, A. Panzardi, D.C.L. Linhares, L.A. Mathias, L.G. de OliveiraAbstractA study was conducted on 21 pig herds using one-site production system in the southeast region of Brazil to assess the relationships among serological results for primary pathogens involved in respiratory diseases (Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, App; Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, Mhyo; and swine influenza virus, SIV), cough index, pneumonia index, pleuritis and herd characteris...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Disasters both natural and anthropogenic are increasing in intensity and frequency. 2018 marked the eighth consecutive year in which greater than seven high-consequence natural disasters occurred in the United States alone. These numbers do not include mass shootings or disease outbreaks, such as measles, influenza, and hepatitis A.
Source: Critical Care Clinics - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Tags: Preface Source Type: research
E. Takashita et al.
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
An EU-funded project investigated how pathogenic viruses, including influenza A, take control of the protein synthesis machinery in human cells. This has provided valuable new knowledge, which paves the way for new flu treatments.
Source: EUROPA - Research Information Centre - Category: Research Source Type: news
Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide, and a lack of understanding of basic disease pathogenesis is hampering development of new vaccines and treatments. Multiple studies have previously established a role for type I interferon (IFN) in TB disease. Type I IFNs are critical immune mediators for host responses to viral infection, yet their specific influence in bacterial infection remains unclear. As IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) can have both stimulatory and inhibitory effects on immune function, clarifying the role of type I interferon in TB remains an important question. The quantificati...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Nitin K Menia, Surya P Sharma, Reema BansalIndian Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 67(9):1483-1484 A 43-year-old male presented with left eye foveal retinits causing an acute visual loss following influenza virus type A infection (H1N1 infection or Swine flu). Considering viral (influenza) etiology, a prompt treatment with oral corticosteroids was started. But an initial poor response prompted an immediate diagnostic vitrectomy, which revealed Candida albicans. The retinitis healed with scar formation following anti-fungal therapy. This case highlights that even in the setting of an acute retinitis in an immunocompetent pati...
Source: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research
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