Diagnosis of an Additional Ventricular Septal Defect by Observing Dark Blood in Aortic Root Vent: A Case Report

We report a case where we observed an undiagnosed additional ventricular septal defect shunting deoxygenated dark blood into the aortic root vent during deairing of the heart, which was confirmed on transesophageal echocardiography and addressed with reinstitution of cardiopulmonary bypass.
Source: A&A Case Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine the performance of the routine 11-13 weeks scan in detecting fetal non-chromosomal abnormalities. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of prospectively collected data from 100,997 singleton pregnancies attending for a routine ultrasound examination for fetal anatomy, according to a standardized protocol, at 11-13 weeks' gestation. All continuing pregnancies had an additional scan at 18-24 weeks and 71,754 had a scan at either 30-34 or 35-37 weeks. The final diagnosis of fetal abnormalities was based on the results of postnatal examination in the case of livebirths and on the ...
Source: The Ultrasound Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
ConclusionsDue to the relatively high prevalence of abnormal stress MPI, tailored protocols with a stress-first MPI as well as the use of 2-day protocols and advanced imaging technologies including CZT SPECT, novel image reconstruction software, and PET MPI could substantially reduce radiation dose in complex CHD.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract The electrocardiogram (ECG) has been reinvigorated by the identification of electrical alterations that were not definitely clarified before. In this context, and mainly regarding the definition of arrhythmogenic substrates, the association of the ECG with the vectorcardiogram (VCG) has gathered much more information about the cardiac electrical phenomena, thus allowing us to differentiate potentially fatal cases from benign ones. Obtaining a VCG concomitantly with the performance of an ECG has led to a significant gain in the definition of extremely sophisticated pathologies, which function suffer some type of st...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a fatal congenital heart disease showing severe consequence in affected infants, to which early diagnosis plays an important role, particularly through genetic variants. Existing panel-based approaches of variants mining suffer from shortage of large panels, costly of sequencing and missing of rare variants. Although a trio-based method alleviates these limitations to some extent, it is agnostic to novel mutations and computational intensive. Considering these limitations, we are studying a novel variants mining algorithm from trio-based sequencing data and apply it on a VSD trio to ident...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions: Transthoracic device closure, transcatheter device closure, and surgical repair via right submammary thoracotomy for restrictive VSD repair are all safe and feasible. These three treatments have their own disadvantages and advantages and should be selected according to individual patients. PMID: 31366250 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Investigative Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: J Invest Surg Source Type: research
ConclusionRemnant risk for coarctation in a fetal population with physiological late gestation asymmetry is 
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionBased on our preliminary experience, 4D Flow has become a complementary imaging modality accessible in current practice and open to all patients, infant, child or adult, without restriction of age, weight, size or pathology. The quality of this examination was satisfactory and seems to require an estimated learning curve of 3 months according to our experience.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2019Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases SupplementsAuthor(s): Nicolas Arribard, Meriem Mostefa-Kara, Damien Bonnet, Sébastien Hascoët, Lucile HouyelCongenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) associates atrioventricular discordance and ventriculo-arterial discordance. The anatomy of the associated ventricular septal defect (VSD) remains controversial.We analyzed 102 human heart specimens: 31 ccTGA, 36 TGA, 35 normal hearts (NH), to compare the right ventricular septal anatomy between the 3 groups and to determine the anatomy of the VSD in...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe specific and exclusive shape of the MVA in patients with repaired AVSD was revealed in the patients studied, resulting in a loss of the saddle shape structure. Those results could help in the comprehension of anatomic changes of the mitral valve annulus occurring after AVSD surgery.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsAortic translocation procedure is an option for TGA, VSD, and LVOTO patients with a distal VSD or tricuspid straddling and DORV patients with a small VSD. Avoiding the use of a conduit through modifications, such as double root translocation and half ‐turned truncal switch operation, may decrease the risk of long‐term recurrent interventions.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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