Fred Snite, Jr., Headlined as the “Iron Lung Boy” Who Attended a Wedding

Long before he was paralyzed by poliomyelitis, Frederick Bernard Snite, Jr. (1910 to 1954) shared childhood adventures with Joseph Murray (left) and Mary Grass. Much later, as a 26-yr-old tourist to China in 1936, “Fred” was stricken with infantile paralysis. Fortunately, his financier father could marshal resources to save Fred Jr. with an assortment of “iron lung” and other ventilatory assistance devices. After visiting the Shrine of Miracles in 1939 in Lourdes, France, for spiritual inspiration, Fr ed Jr. witnessed the wedding of Joseph and Mary, his two childhood friends, by using the swiveling rectangular mirror of the iron lung. After a toast to the newlyweds by “the Boiler Kid,” as Fred dubbed himself, the bride planted a kiss on her courageous Guest of Honor. (Copyright © the America n Society of Anesthesiologists’ Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology.)
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

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Portland surgical pioneer Robert Calvin Coffey named his youngest son Robert Mayo Coffey (1906 to 1972,right). The latter earned his M.D. at the University of Michigan and returned with his wife to his native Oregon. By 1937 the couple and their two young daughters were living in Juneau, Alaska. When neighboring children were quarantined with infantile paralysis, the resourceful Dr. Coffey began converting trash cans into iron lungs (left), just in case any children developed breathing difficulties. Electrical valves on Coffey ’s “pressure and reserve tanks” alternated positive and negative pressures for ...
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2019Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): Ben Brown, Justin RobertsAbstractThe application of intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) during the 1952 Copenhagen polio epidemic led to the development of the world's first intensive care unit. The requirement for ventilatory support is the most common indication for intensive therapy unit (ITU) admission and is a defining feature of the specialty. Ventilator technology continues to develop and there are many ways to deliver IPPV. The variety of modes of ventilation is increasingly complex and expandi...
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Authors: Cichos KH, Lehtonen EJ, McGwin G, Ponce BA, Ghanem ES Abstract INTRODUCTION: Orthopaedic surgeons are wary of patients with neuromuscular (NM) diseases as a result of perceived poor outcomes and lack of data regarding complication risks. We determined the prevalence of patients with NM disease undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) and characterized its relationship with in-hospital complications, prolonged length of stay, and total charges. METHODS: Data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2005 to 2014 was used for this retrospective cohort study to identify 8,028,435 discharges with total jo...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
Over the last 60years, we have built a dynamic service that has saved the lives of millions of patients around the world. During this time our community has defeated polio epidemics, invented positive pressure ventilators and renal replacement therapy, learned to measure and image the function of the heart, and made the unsurvivable routine. Over the last 20years, we have become experts in conducting high-quality randomized controlled trials and basic scientific research, and we have demonstrated mortality benefits from improving the quality of our care and from working as multidisciplinary teams.
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Significant developments in airway surgery occurred following the introduction of mechanical ventilators and intubation with cuffed endotracheal tubes during the poliomyelitis epidemic of the 1950s. The resulting plethora of postintubation injuries provided extensive experience with resection and reconstruction of stenotic tracheal lesions. In the early 1960s, it was thought that no more 2 cm of trachea could be removed. By the late 1960s, this was challenged owing to better knowledge of airway anatomy and blood supply, tension-releasing maneuvers, and improved anesthetic techniques. Currently, about half of the tracheal l...
Source: Thoracic Surgery Clinics - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
The First Space Pioneers Bettmann Archive Animals were every bit as heroic as the first human astronauts By Jeffrey Kluger Animals have long been the science community’s shock troops—the first to hit the beaches when a new frontier of knowledge is being claimed. Those soldiers hardly volunteered for the misison: The thousands of monkeys and mice that were used as test subjects for Jonas Salk’s first polio vaccine were conscripted for the job, whether they wanted to do it or not. That doesn’t diminish their profound contribution to scientific knowledge—indeed, it enlarges it. The same is tru...
Source: TIME.com: Top Science and Health Stories - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: animals belka ham Laika NASA space strelka Source Type: news
Critical care is a young specialty, initiated in 1953 when poliomyelitis patients required invasive mechanical ventilation, and even earlier for surgical patients recovering from anesthesia or traumatic injuries.1,2 The burden of critical illness globally is high and has been increasing as our population ages.3
Source: Critical Care Clinics - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Tags: Preface Source Type: research
Publication date: 2017 Source:Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Volume 140 Author(s): E.F.M. Wijdicks Critical care medicine came into sharp focus in the second part of the 20th century. The care of acutely ill neurologic patients in the USA may have originated in postoperative neurosurgical units, but for many years patients with neurocritical illness were admitted to intensive care units next to patients with general medical or surgical conditions. Neurologists may have had their first exposure to the complexity of neurocritical care during the poliomyelitis epidemics, but few were interested. Much later, the development ...
Source: Handbook of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
(Abstracted from Anesth Analg, 122:1894–1900, 2016) Survivors of poliomyelitis, a viral infectious disease caused by 1 of the 3 strains of poliovirus, present a unique set of challenges to the anesthesiologist. Many polio survivors are unaware of the true extent of their neurologic deficits because (generally having been infected at a young age) they have naturally learned successful compensatory muscle activation patterns through childhood development that aid in the activities of daily living.
Source: Survey of Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Miscellaneous Source Type: research
Brexit, Zika, gun violence, the England football team: there’s been no shortage of bad news lately. Here’s how to look on the bright sideSeen from a certain perspective, the last few months on planet Earth have been pretty unreservedly amazing. Nobody died from smallpox. Almost nobody contracted polio. Hospital operating theatres weren’t generally filled with the screams of patients undergoing surgery without anaesthetic, and no war claimed anything like the single-day death toll of the first hours of the Battle of the Somme, 100 years ago this week. Britain decided the question of European Union membersh...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Life and style Health & wellbeing Psychology EU referendum Donald Trump European Union Politics UK news Source Type: news
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