Colorectal Cancer Metastases to Brain or Bone and the Relationship to Primary Tumor Location: a Population-Based Study

ConclusionsPrimary tumor location impacts incidence proportions of bone metastasis and survival of both brain and bone mCRC patients. Primary tumor location should be taken into consideration in clinical practice and prognostic assessment.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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In this study, we reviewed major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and showed that sex-related factors may potentially influence the long-term response to radiation exposure. Available data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in women is higher than that in men who receive a comparable dose of radiation. The report on the biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences, United States emphasized that women may be at significantly greater risk of suffering and dying from radiation-induced cancer than men exposed to the same dose of radiation....
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions: This meta-analysis demonstrated that CD44 overexpression might be an unfavorable prognostic factor for CRC patients and could be used to predict poor differentiation, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. Introduction Although therapies for colorectal cancer (CRC) has improved in recent years, colorectal cancer is still the third most common cause of cancer related death worldwide (1). Metastasis are observed in 25% of patients at initial diagnosis and approximately 50% of patients will develop metastasis (2). Presently, the outcome prediction and the therapy schedule determination of CRC patie...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Hui Tang1, Tao Zeng1* and Luonan Chen1,2,3,4* 1Key Laboratory of Systems Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China 2CAS Center for Excellence in Animal Evolution and Genetics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China 3School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China 4Shanghai Research Center for Brain Science and Brain-Inspired Intelligence, Shanghai, China Quantifying or labeling th...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Saeed Nourmohammadi1†, Thazin Nwe Aung2†, Jian Cui2, Jinxin V. Pei1, Michael Lucio De Ieso1, Yuka Harata-Lee2, Zhipeng Qu2, David L. Adelson2* and Andrea J. Yool1* 1Adelaide Medical School, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia 2Department of Molecular and Biomedical Science, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia Traditional Chinese Medicines are promising sources of new agents for controlling cancer metastasis. Compound Kushen Injection (CKI), prepared from medicinal plants Sophora flavescens and Heterosmilax chinensis, disrupts cell cycle...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundColorectal cancer (CRC) has a high worldwide incidence with a tendency to metastasize to the lungs. We aimed to identify clinical factors related to lung metastasis (LM) and analyze the prognosis of patients after LM.MethodsMultivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify risk factors for LM from CRC. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were performed to identify potentially important prognostic factors for patients with LM.ResultsAge (p = 0.010), tumor size (p 
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo investigate the incidence and the associated factors for bone metastases (BM) development and prognosis in initial colorectal cancer (CRC) with a large sample using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) cohort.MethodsPrimary CRC patients, who were initially diagnosed between 2010 and 2015 in the SEER database, were included to analyze BM incidence and risk factors for BM occurrence. The patients with at least 1-year follow-up were involved to investigate the prognostic factors for BM. Multivariable logistic and proportional hazard regression models were used to investigate the risk factors fo...
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
uist BN Abstract BACKGROUND: Geographic cancer health disparities have been reported in Sweden. The disparities are not fully understood, but may be attributed to differences in exposure to risk factors as well as differences in health care, socioeconomics and demography. The aim of this study was to describe the new nationwide population based RISK North database and its potential by analysing health disparities in colorectal cancer between Northern and Southern Sweden. METHODS: Cancer-specific data from the National Cancer Quality Registers for colorectal, gastric and oesophageal cancer and brain tumours we...
Source: Acta Oncologica - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Pattern of spread in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is variable and may reflect different biology in subsets of patients. This is a retrospective study to explore the outcome of patients with mCRC based on their site of metastasis at diagnosis and to explore the association between tumor characteristics [KRAS/RAS, BRAF, mismatch repair (MMR) status, site of primary] and the site of metastasis. METHODS: Patients from two Australian databases were divided into six groups based on site of metastasis at time of diagnosis of metastatic disease; lung-only, liver-only, lymph n...
Source: Acta Oncologica - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Although the VHA's equal access health care system has reduced many racial/ethnic mortality disparities present in the private sector, our review identified mortality disparities that have persisted mainly for Black veterans in several clinical areas. However, because most mortality disparities were supported by single studies with imprecise findings, we could not draw strong conclusions about this evidence. More disparities research is needed for American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, and Hispanic veterans overall and for more of the largest life expectancy gaps. Public Health Implications. Because of the ...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Am J Public Health Source Type: research
Author Affiliations open 1 McLaughlin Centre for Population Health Risk Assessment, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada 2 Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), Barcelona, Spain 3 Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), Barcelona, Spain 4 CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain 5 School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada 6 Epidemiology Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 7 Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA 8 Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Cana...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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