Diabetes Prevention Program Feasibility Study of Breastfeeding

Conditions:   Pregnancy;   Overweight and Obesity Interventions:   Behavioral: Diabetes Prevention Program;   Behavioral: Breastfeeding Education;   Behavioral: Usual Care Sponsors:   University of Kansas Medical Center;   Ascension Via Christi St. Joseph;   Kearny County Hospital;   National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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In this study, we assessed the effects of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on the pregnancy outcomes of women of advanced age using a back-propagation (BP) artificial neural network. We conducted a retrospective analysis on postpartum and hospital delivery data from 1,015 women of advanced maternal age (AMA) hospitalized at the Fujian Provincial Maternity and Children's Hospital from January to June, 2017. Pre-pregnancy overweight was found to increase the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy (HDCP) and fetal macrosomia. In addi...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study highlights metformin as an important and safe tool to prevent excessive GWG and promote adequate GWG in overweight or obese women with GDM, regardless of age, BMI, timing of GDM diagnosis, previous history of GDM or macrosomia.
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Heidari-Beni M Abstract The origin of some non communicable disease (NCDs) is in early life. Evidence has shown that early life nutrition is associated with the risk of developing chronic non communicable diseases. Pregnancy and infancy are the most critical stages that influence the risks of NCDs in childhood and adult life. Prenatal maternal undernutrition and low birth weight lead to obesity and increase the risk factors of cardiovascular disease and diabetes later in life. Nutrition is one of the easily modifiable environmental factors that may affect outcome of pregnancy, trajectory of growth, and imm...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 August 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Buyun Liu, Guifeng Xu, Yangbo Sun, Yang Du, Rui Gao, Linda G Snetselaar, Mark K Santillan, Wei BaoSummaryBackgroundThe relation between maternal pre-pregnancy obesity and preterm birth is controversial and inconclusive. We aimed to clarify the association between pre-pregnancy obesity and preterm birth by maternal age and race or ethnicity in a large, multiracial, multiethnic, and diverse population in the USA.MethodsWe did a population-based cohort study using nationwide birth certificate data from the US National Vita...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to investigate the association between pregnancy after bariatric surgery and adverse perinatal outcomes. Methods and findingsSearches were conducted in Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Scopus, and Google Scholar from inception to June 2019, supplemented by hand-searching reference lists, citations, and journals. Observational studies comparing perinatal outcomes post-bariatric surgery to pregnancies without prior bariatric surgery were included. Outcomes of interest were perinatal mortality, congenital anomalies, preterm birth, postterm birth, small and large f...
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundGestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major public health problem and threat to maternal and child health in Africa. No prior review has been conducted in Africa using the updated GDM diagnostic criteria. Therefore, this review aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence and determinants of GDM in Africa by using current international diagnostic criteria.MethodsA systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted by comprehensive search of the published studies in Africa. Electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Google Scholar, CINAHL, Web of Science, Science direct and African Journa...
Source: Archives of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Jérémie Thereaux, Thomas Lesuffleur, Sébastien Czernichow, Arnaud Basdevant, Simon Msika, David Nocca, Bertrand Millat, Anne Fagot-CampagnaSummaryBackgroundConcerns are rising about the late adverse events following gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. We aimed to assess, over a 7-year period, the late adverse events after gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy compared with matched control groups.MethodsIn this nationwide, observational, population-based, cohort study, we used data extracted from ...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
PREGNANCY OUTCOME IN GESTATIONAL DIABETES COMPARED TO BODY MASS INDEX. Acta Clin Croat. 2019 Mar;58(1):37-41 Authors: Sabolović Rudman S, Djaković I, Gall V, Djaković Ž, Košec V Abstract Gestational diabetes involves disorder of glucose metabolism first diagnosed in pregnancy. Obese women undoubtedly have more often complications in reproductive age, such as fertility difficulties, spontaneous and recurrent miscarriages, premature births, and various obstetric and surgical complications related to the course of pregnancy, delivery and puerperium. Children of obese pregnant women are more lik...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
Kids love sweets. Of course, so do many adults. But even those grown-ups with a serious sweet tooth would likely struggle to polish off a big bag of candy, while the average kid would relish that chore. “Even during infancy, newborns have an innate preference for breast milk because of its sweetness,” says Juliana Cohen, an assistant professor of nutrition at Merrimack College in Northern Massachusetts and the Harvard School of Public Health. Cohen says the prevailing theory is that a taste for sugary foods offered early humans an evolutionary advantage: In nature, sweet foods—stuff like fruits or honey&m...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
(Reuters Health) - Pregnant women with diabetes may be more likely to experience a stillbirth when they have obesity or poorly controlled blood sugar, a new study suggests.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
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