Africa: World Hunger is Still Not Going Down, Obesity is Still Growing – UN Report

[UN] An estimated 820 million people did not have enough to eat in 2018, up from 811 million in the previous year, which is the third year of increase in a row. This underscores the immense challenge of achieving the Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger by 2030, says a new edition of the annual The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World report released today.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Oh Yoen Kim, Ji Yeon Chung, Juhyun SongAbstractObesity is a globally widespread metabolic disorder, characterized by immoderate fat accumulation in the body. There are different types of body fats such as white adipose tissue (WAT), which stores surplus energy in the body, and brown adipose tissue (BAT) which utilize energy to produce heat during metabolism. BAT acts many beneficial functions in metabolic disorders including type 2 diabetes and obesity. Recent studies have investigated methods for promoting the fat browning process ...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionThis approach demonstrated the positive effects of PLRE on a diet-induced obesity mouse model and provided clues on the mode of action of PLRE at the molecular level.Graphical Abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Kim MK, Ko SH, Kim BY, Kang ES, Noh J, Kim SK, Park SO, Hur KY, Chon S, Moon MK, Kim NH, Kim SY, Rhee SY, Lee KW, Kim JH, Rhee EJ, Chun S, Yu SH, Kim DJ, Kwon HS, Park KS, Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines, Korean Diabetes Association Abstract The Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines of the Korean Diabetes Association revised and updated the 6th Clinical Practice Guidelines in 2019. Targets of glycemic, blood pressure, and lipid control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were updated. The obese and overweight population is increasing steadily in Korea, and half of the Koreans with diabetes are...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
Conclusions: The use of eggs for breakfast in children enrolled in FBT was well tolerated, and future studies should include larger samples and longer follow-up periods to assess the potential differential effects of prescribed breakfasts on children's weight and eating behaviors. PMID: 31436494 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Childhood Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research
Conclusions: Children with obesity received more oral steroid prescriptions than those at a healthy weight, which may be indicative of worse asthma control. We did not observe significant ethnic disparities. PMID: 31437069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
This study investigates if female rats differentially respond to corticosterone treatment. Results indicate that male rats may have an increased susceptibility to CORT-induced accumulation of visceral adipose tissue compared with females, which may have implication for sex-specific risk for metabolic diseases. PMID: 31441358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Stress - Category: Research Tags: Stress Source Type: research
Authors: Beserra JB, Morais JBS, Severo JS, Cruz KJC, de Oliveira ARS, de Oliveira FE, de Matos Neto EM, Henriques GS, Marreiro DDN Abstract Obesity is characterized by changes in the metabolism of zinc and thyroid hormones. Studies have also shown the role of zinc in the function and metabolism of thyroid. The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum concentrations of thyroid hormones, dietary zinc intake and zinc distribution in obese women. A case-control study was conducted enrolling 98 women aged between 20 and 50 years old who were divided into case group (BMI ≥ 35&nbs...
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
ConclusionIn consequence of this case we are convinced that an untreated obstructive sleep apnea can lead to retropharyngeal hematoma.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to measure gene expression of various preadipocyte, proliferation, metabolic, and apoptotic markers in the stromal-vascular fraction and adipocytes from LWS and HWS adipose tissue. Although preadipocyte and proliferation markers were more highly expressed in the stromal-vascular fraction of LWS than HWS chicks, greater expression of granzyme-A and the presence of more annexin V-positive cells suggests that apoptosis may limit the adipogenic potential of adipocyte precursor cells and represent a novel mechanism that regulates the expansion of adipose tissue. Results provide insights on cellul...
Source: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Öztürk H, Özen B, Çatlı G, Dündar B Abstract Background: Macular damage may be observed in obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) that lead to chronic subclinical inflammation and affect almost all organ systems. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relations of macular variability with anthropometric measurements, metabolic parameters, and inflammatory markers in children and adolescents with MetS. Methods: Two hundred twenty-eyes of 62 obese and 48 healthy children and adolescents were included in the study. Bilateral macular retinal thickness (M...
Source: JCRPE Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol Source Type: research
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