Association of Cystatin C and Bone Mineral Density in Diabetic Patients.

Conditions:   Osteoporosis;   Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal;   Diabetes Mellitus Intervention:   Radiation: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry Sponsor:   Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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ConclusionsThe significant association between Op and MetS in free-living women examined by DXA for suspected Op suggests the advisability of a contextual evaluation of both disorders in this setting.
Source: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionCurrent cigarette smoking is associated with both the quantity and quality of bone mass in elderly men. Although we could not detect a significant association between hookah and osteoporosis in men, considering the prevalence of hookah smoking in the middle eastern countries, further studies are needed to determine the effect of hookah smoking on bone health.
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionDiabetes has been proposed as a risk factor for increased skeletal fragility. Visceral fat is known to yield adverse effects on bone metabolism in people with diabetes. We investigated the relationship between the change in visceral fat mass over time and TBS or BMD.Materials and methodsThis retrospective study enrolled 690 (male: 367; female: 323) subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Visceral fat mass, lumbar and femoral neck BMD, and lumbar spine TBS were measured via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), including the follow-up data within a 3-year period.ResultsTBS significantly increased as vi...
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusion: In some cases, bone remodeling markers are useful for improving the assessment of the state of bone tissue in early stages of diabetes, while alterations in bone microarchitecture may not always be captured by bone mineral density measurements. PMID: 31933638 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
ConclusionThe prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in patients with T2DM is high. Female gender, increasing age, normal BMI, low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and pioglitazone use further increase the risk of osteoporosis.
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
The aging process is characterized by the chronic inflammatory status called “inflammaging”, which shares major molecular and cellular features with the metabolism-induced inflammation called “metaflammation.” Metaflammation is mainly driven by overnutrition and nutrient excess, but other contributing factors are metabolic modifications related to the specific body composition (BC) changes occurring with age. The aging process is indeed characterized by an increase in body total fat mass and a concomitant decrease in lean mass and bone density, that are independent from general and physiological flu...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposePrevalence of osteoporosis reported as high as 50% in thalassemia major patients. We compared bone density (BMD) of our patients with results of bone densitometry of participants of a national study, to find if BMD diagnosis is ethnicity sensitive or not.MethodsIn 177 adult beta thalassemia major patients and 490 normal subjects of 20 –39 y/o range, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry of the spine and femur performed. Normal subjects participated in Iranian Multi-center Osteoporosis Study (IMOS). Mean and standard deviation of normal ones achieved and Z-score of patients re-calculated based on normal Iran...
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study suggested that lower BMD and increased loss rate of BMD were associated with a higher risk of carotid calcification plaques in Chinese postmenopausal women. PMID: 31612731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Climacteric - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Climacteric Source Type: research
A, Dambrauskas Z Abstract Background and Objectives: Both chronic pancreatitis (CP) and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) may lead to cachexia, sarcopenia, and osteoporosis due to different mechanisms. Neither patient gender, age, nor body weight are good predictors of these metabolic changes having a significant negative impact on the quality of life (QOL) and treatment outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate radiological changes in body composition and to compare them with manifestations of exocrine and endocrine pancreatic insufficiency, body mass, and QOL among patients with CP and PDAC. Material...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
We examined human lung tissue from COPD patients and normal control subjects, and found a substantial increase in p16-expressing alveolar cells in COPD patients. Using a transgenic mouse deficient for p16, we demonstrated that lungs of mice lacking p16 were structurally and functionally resistant to CS-induced emphysema due to activation of IGF1/Akt regenerative and protective signaling. Fat Tissue Surrounds Skeletal Muscle to Accelerate Atrophy in Aging and Obesity Researchers her...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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