Sex differences in the association between socioeconomic status and diabetes prevalence and incidence in China: cross-sectional and prospective studies of 0.5 million adults

Conclusions/interpretationAmong Chinese adults, the associations between education and diabetes prevalence and incidence differed qualitatively between men and women, whereas higher household income was positively associated with diabetes prevalence and incidence in both sexes, with a stronger relationship in men than in women.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 30 July 2019Source: Medical Mycology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Pattriya Chanyachailert, Charussri Leeyaphan, Sumanas Bunyaratavej, Piriyaporn ChongtrakoolAbstractDematiaceous fungi can cause subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis, an uncommon fungal infection of the dermis and subcutaneous tissues. Medicopsis romeroi is an emerging organism that can infect patients with subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis, especially immunocompromised patients. The present case involved subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Medicopsis romeroi in an 80-year-old Thai male with poorly controlled diabetes, for whom the le...
Source: Medical Mycology Case Reports - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 December 2019Source: Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 225Author(s): Ecaterina Stela Dragan, Maria Valentina DinuAbstractMacromolecular drugs, such as proteins and peptides, are lately readily available and used in the treatment of diseases including diabetes and cancer, as well as in therapies such as gene therapy, wound dressing, and tissue engineering. However, the bioavailability, the extent and the rate at which these drugs reach the target tissue are highly dependent on the carrier and on the route of administration. Among the multitude of biocompatible polymers used to design vehicles for macromolecu...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: Microvascular ResearchAuthor(s): Jing Gao, Maimaiti Ailifeire, Chenfei Wang, Li Luo, Jie Zhang, Li Yuan, Li Zhang, Xiaolan Li, Minzhe WangAbstractThe “metabolic memory”, a phenomenon that the target cell remembers the early hyperglycemia, has been reported to be a critical issue in diabetes pathogenesis. Here, we confirmed the inducible effects of high glucose (HG) and HG followed by normal glucose (HN) upon the proliferation and the tube formation capacity of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), as well as the suppressive effects of HG and HN...
Source: Microvascular Research - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results suggest a metal and metalloid perturbation in T1D with a significant involvement of Copper dysfunction in the disease pathology, possibly linked to inflammatory processes.
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Ozen S, Akinci B, Oral EA Abstract Lipodystrophy is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by lack of body fat, which can be genetic or acquired. Lipodystrophy is associated with insulin resistance that can develop in childhood and youth, and usually leads to severe metabolic complications. Diabetes mellitus, hypertriglyceridemia, and hepatic steatosis ordinarily develop in these patients, and most girls suffer from menstrual abnormalities. Severe complications develop at a relatively young age, which include episodes of acute pancreatitis, renal failure, cirrhosis, and complex cardiovascular dis...
Source: JCRPE Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Obesity prevalence of our T1D cohort is similar to healthy population in the same ages. Prevalence of MetS is higher in children and adolescents with T1D compared to the obese population in our country. Our study suggests that IDF criteria are more suitable for the diagnosis of MetS in children and adolescents with T1D. PMID: 31434460 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: JCRPE Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol Source Type: research
AbstractAfrican Americans and ethnic minorities experience racial discrimination in a variety of settings. Racial discrimination is a potent stressor that has been linked to psychosocial stress and poor physical health. To cope with discriminatory experiences and daily life event stressors, African Americans frequently use the concept of John Henryism (a high effort coping strategy with prolonged exposure to stress). This cross-sectional analysis explored the relationship between racism/discrimination, John Henryism, and health problems in a predominately African American sample. Data were collected through health care scr...
Source: Journal of Community Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, and clinical significance of concomitant specific cardiomyopathies in subjects with bicuspid aortic valves (BAVs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1186 adults with BAV (850 males, mean age 56±14 years) at a single tertiary center were comprehensively reviewed. Left ventricular non-compaction, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy were confirmed when patients fulfilled current clinical and echocardiographic criteria. Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics, including comorbidit...
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research
Point-of-care testing (POCT) has the potential to improve turnaround time, increase efficiency, decentralize diagnostics in rural and underserved communities, and advance health care in areas such as space and high-altitude wilderness. In many cases, POCT is accurate and simple to perform and produces results within minutes. However, its implementation can pose logistical and educational challenges, especially if testing does not easily integrate with the end users' workflow. Literature published on POCT between January 1, 2018, and December 31, 2018, was reviewed, and articles were selected for a more in-depth discussion....
Source: Point of Care: The Journal of Near-Patient Testing and Technology - Category: Pathology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Neck and back pain caused by intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is a frequent cause of referral to spine surgeons. This is a multifactorial disease process caused by aging, injury, obesity, and mechanical stress. Recently, an association between IVD degeneration and diabetes has been identified, but the mechanisms underlying this relationship are unclear. Furthermore, the effects of insulin levels on cytokines known to be elevated in diabetics have not previously been delineated. Uncontrolled diabetes results in chronic systemic inflammation with increased circulating levels of IL-6 and IL-18.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
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