Estimating the effect of measles vaccination on child growth using 191 DHS from 65 low- and middle-income countries.

Estimating the effect of measles vaccination on child growth using 191 DHS from 65 low- and middle-income countries. Vaccine. 2019 Jul 09;: Authors: Bogler L, Jantos N, Bärnighausen T, Vollmer S Abstract BACKGROUND: Childhood vaccinations reduce morbidity and mortality and are highly cost-effective. They may also protect children from malnutrition and lead to improved child growth. Stunting, wasting and underweight are targets used to monitor progress towards the achievement of the sustainable development goals (SDGs). METHODS: We use data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) covering the period from 1990 to 2017 to estimate the effect of measles vaccination at 12 months of age on stunting, wasting, and underweight. For causal estimation, we use household- and mother-fixed effects, which allows us to compare outcomes across siblings while controlling for all observed and unobserved confounders that are shared by the siblings, such as household social characteristics and home location. In addition, we control for a wide range of sibling-varying confounders, including sex, age, birth order and mother's age at birth, as well as vaccination with diphtheria-tetanus-polio (DPT), as a broad indicator of general likelihood to receive vaccinations. RESULTS: Our samples include 347,808 individuals in 132 surveys from 59 countries (for stunting), 430,963 individuals in 190 surveys from 65 countries (for wasting), and 353,520 individuals in 130...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

Related Links:

ConclusionsReceiving the birth dose is positively associated with up-to-date status later in childhood, highlighting the importance of starting vaccination early. The association is insensitive to confounding by factors observed in National Immunization Survey-Child, but investigation of unobserved factors such as vaccine hesitancy could provide critical information to guide intervention strategy.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
In conclusion, European countries now have more comprehensive national vaccination programs for HCP, however there are still gaps. Given the recent large outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases in Europe and the occupational risk for HCP, vaccination policies need to be expanded and strengthened in several European countries. Overall, vaccination policies for HCP in Europe should be periodically re-evaluated in order to provide optimal protection against vaccine-preventable diseases and infection control within healthcare facilities for HCP and patients. PMID: 31623916 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Agency blames war, inequality and complacency for 20 million children missing immunisationA dangerous stagnation in vaccination rates is putting children at risk of preventable diseases around the world, the UN children ’s agency has warned, blaming conflict, inequality and complacency.One in 10 children, totalling 20 million globally, missed out on basic immunisation against the life-threatening infections of measles, diphtheria and tetanus last year, says Unicef.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Global health Vaccines and immunisation United Nations MMR Polio Global development Society World news Source Type: news
[The Conversation Africa] Forty-five years ago, the World Health Organisation launched the Expanded Programme on Immunisation. It covered six diseases - measles, tuberculosis, polio, diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus. Since then, anti-measles vaccines have been distributed to millions of children across the world, leading to a massive reduction in illness and death. For example, between 2000 and 2017, it was estimated that global deaths from measles had reduced by about 80% due to vaccination.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Pediatricians are advised by the Austrian ministry of health to be vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis, measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, meningococcus ...
Source: BMC Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Family quarrels are usually private things—unless of course, the family is famous. A public spat among boldface names broke out on May 8, when three members of the Kennedy clan published a piece on Politico declaring that Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.—son of Bobby Kennedy—has been “tragically wrong” in his years-long crusade against vaccines, a crusade that seems especially irresponsible now as the country suffers through its worst measles outbreak since 1994. Kennedy has become a hero of the anti-vax crowd with his persistent claims that vaccines contain deadly ingredients, particularly a mercury-ba...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized History onetime Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: We found that most pediatric solid-organ transplant recipients to be appropriately vaccinated. However, vaccination status in household members, especially in parents, was disappointing. PMID: 31050613 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
In this study we have evaluated whether our OMVs vaccine is capable of overcoming the deficiencies of commercial vaccines in both controlling infections caused by PRN(-) isolate/strain and inducing memory immunity. We found that our OMVs-based formulation has a higher protective capacity against the PRN(-) bacteria than that induced with a commercial aP vaccine. We found that CD4 T cells with a tissue-resident memory (TRM) cell phenotype (CD44+CD62LlowCD69+ and/or CD103+) accumulated in the lungs of mice after the second OMVs vaccine immunization. CD4 TRM cells were also detected in mice immunized with wP vaccine, but not ...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Immune responses to the 10 PHiD-CV polysaccharide conjugates and co-administered vaccines were not altered by addition of dPly and PhtD. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01262872. PMID: 30975570 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Do vaccines cause autism? Is it OK to skip certain vaccines? Get the facts on these and other common questions. Childhood vaccines protect children from a variety of serious or potentially fatal diseases, including diphtheria, measles, mumps, rubella, polio, tetanus, whooping cough (pertussis) and others. If these diseases seem uncommon -- or even unheard of [...]
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news
More News: Allergy & Immunology | Child Development | Children | Diphtheria | Measles | Measles Vaccine | Polio | Polio Vaccine | Science | Statistics | Tetanus | Tetanus Vaccine | Vaccines