Where There is No Peritoneal Dialysis Fluid: A Case Series from Malawi.

Where There is No Peritoneal Dialysis Fluid: A Case Series from Malawi. Perit Dial Int. 2019 Jul-Aug;39(4):392-393 Authors: Khomba MM, Munthali CK, Mulenga C, Bjornstad EC PMID: 31296780 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research

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AbstractBackgroundHemodialysis (HD) sessions induce changes in plasma electrolytes that lead to modifications of QT interval, virtually associated with dangerous arrhythmias. It is not known whether such a phenomenon occurs even during peritoneal dialysis (PD). The aim of the study is to analyze the relationship between dialysate and plasma electrolyte modifications and QT interval during a PD exchange.MethodsIn 15 patients, two manual PD 4-h exchanges were performed, using two isotonic solutions with different calcium concentration (Ca++1.25 and Ca1.75++ mmol/L). Dialysate and plasma electrolyte concentration and QT ...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the safety and effectiveness of cinacalcet in managing chronic dialysis patients with severe SHPT. METHODS: This retrospective study included 26 patients [age: 52 ± 12 years; 55% females; time on dialysis: 54 (4-236) months] on hemodialysis (N = 18) or peritoneal dialysis (N = 8) with severe SHPT (intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) level> 600 pg/mL) and hyperphosphatemia and/or persistent hypercalcemia treated with cinacalcet. The patients were followed for 12 months. Their serum calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and iPTH levels were measured at baseline and o...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In peritoneal dialysis patients, spironolactone did not attenuate the progression of CC. However, large-scale studies are needed to confirm this observation. Disorders of mineral metabolism and dyslipidemia are involved in the progression of CC. PMID: 31419271 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study suggests that higher XSPI in HD patients is related to the presence of AVF. PMID: 31419806 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Am J Hypertens Source Type: research
Conclusions: Higher serum ALP level is associated with increased mortality solely in PD patients with RRF. PMID: 31409217 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Source: Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutrition and chronic disease I Source Type: research
Source: Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Protein and amino acid metabolism Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundHypothyroidism with impairment of renal function and raised creatinine phosphokinase (CPK) is described in adults and children with acquired hypothyroidism, but not in congenital hypothyroidism.Case presentationA male infant born at term weighing 3390  g was seen aged 2 months with prolonged jaundice. Examination showed somnolence, umbilical hernia, enlarged fontanelles and lower limb edema; length 55 cm (−1.5 SD), weight 5.4 kg (−0.13 SD). Biochemistry showed fT4 
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Phase angle (PA) determined by bioelectrical impedance analysis has been suggested to be a predictor of death in a variety of disease conditions, but its associations with outcomes have not yet been assessed in a large continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patient cohort. The aim of the present study was to examine the association of PA with risks for all-cause and cardiovascular death in patients treated with CAPD.
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Achieving sodium balance is important for peritoneal dialysis patients, as sodium excess may lead to hypertension and extracellular water expansion. We wished to determine whether greater sodium removal had adverse consequences. METHODS: We calculated 24-h urinary and peritoneal sodium losses in peritoneal dialysis patients treated by automated cyclers, when attending for peritoneal membrane and bioimpedance assessments. RESULTS: We reviewed 439 peritoneal dialysis patients, 56.7% male, average age 54.6 years, median sodium loss 110 (68-155) mmol/day. Sodium loss was strongly assoc...
Source: The International Journal of Artificial Organs - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Int J Artif Organs Source Type: research
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