AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Activation in Dorsal Root Ganglion Suppresses mTOR/p70S6K Signaling and Alleviates Painful Radiculopathies in Lumbar Disc Herniation Rat Model

Conclusion. We provide a molecular mechanism for the activation of pain signals based on AMPK-mTOR axis, as well as an intervention strategy by targeting AMPK-mTOR axis in LDH-induced painful radiculopathies. Level of Evidence: N/A
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: BASIC SCIENCE Source Type: research

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Neuropathic pain is frequently driven by ectopic impulse discharge (ectopia) generated in injured peripheral afferent neurons. Observations in the spinal nerve ligation (SNL) model in rats suggest that cell bodies in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) contribute 3 times more to the ectopic barrage than the site of nerve injury (neuroma). The DRG is therefore a prime interventional target for pain control. Since DRG ectopia is selectively suppressed with lidocaine at concentrations too low to block axonal impulse propagation, we asked whether targeted delivery of dilute lidocaine to the L5 DRG can relieve L5 SNL-induced tactile...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
We examined 9293 individuals from the Copenhagen General Population Study using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy measurements of total cholesterol, free- and esterified cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids, and particle concentration. Fourteen subclasses of decreasing size and their lipid constituents were analysed: six subclasses were very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), one intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), three low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and four subclasses were high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Remnant lipoproteins were VLDL and IDL combined. Mean nonfasting cholesterol concentration was 72...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, with study of the frailty syndrome still in its infancy, frailty analysis remains a major challenge. It is a challenge that needs to be overcome in order to shed light on the multiple mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of this syndrome. Although several mechanisms contribute to frailty, immune system alteration seems to play a central role: this syndrome is characterized by increased levels of pro-inflammatory markers and the resulting pro-inflammatory status can have negative effects on various organs. Future studies should aim to better clarify the immune system alteration in frailty, and seek to esta...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study, when complete, will be a monumental step-up for evidence-driven medicine in the rapidly growing field of neuromodulation,” said Andrea Trescot, the CMO of Stimwave and former President of the American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP). “Every other industry is expected to show efficacy through sham and placebo-controlled studies; the Tsunami study is growing the evidence that single-stage, wireless neurostimulators can offer more options to more pain patients.” Medtech's Response The opioid crisis has had a profound impact in the U.S. resulti...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Digital Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 23 July 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Yun Zou, Yumeng Cao, Yuqi Liu, Xinyi Zhang, Jinbao Li, Yuanchang XiongAbstractNeuropathic pain induced by peripheral nerve injury is a complex and chronic state that is accompanied by poor quality of life. However, whether PIM1 (proviral integration site 1) contributes to the development of nociceptive hypersensitivity induced by nerve injury remains unknown. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of PIM1 on spinal nerve ligation (SNL) induced pain hypersensitivity. Here, we found that PIM1 positive neurons in the dorsa...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Dorsal root ganglion stimulation does not induce GABA release from the spinal dorsal horn cells, suggesting that the mechanisms underlying DRGS in pain relief are different from those of conventional SCS. The modulation of a GABA-mediated "Gate Control" in the DRG itself, functioning as a prime Gate of nociception, is suggested and discussed. PMID: 31334605 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: CNS Neurosci Ther Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) is a minimally invasive interventional technique that provides a novel and effective treatment strategy for neuropathic pain (NP). PRF is advantageous because it does not damage nerves and avoids sensory loss after treatment. At present, animal studies have demonstrated that PRF is safe and effective for relieving the NP associated with sciatic nerve damage in rats with chronic constriction injury (CCI). However, the mechanism through which this effect occurs is unknown. An increasing body of evidence shows that the expression of the P2X ligand-gated ion channel 3 (...
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Inhibition of voltage-gated calcium (CaV) channels is a potential therapy for many neurological diseases including chronic pain. Neuronal CaV1/CaV2 channels are composed of α, β, γ and α2δ subunits. The β subunits of CaV channels are cytoplasmic proteins that increase the surface expression of the pore-forming α subunit of CaV. We targeted the high-affinity protein–protein interface of CaVβ's pocket within the CaVα subunit. Structure-based virtual screening of 50,000 small molecule library docked to the β subunit led to the identification of 2-(3,5-dimethylisoxa...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the mechanisms underlying activation of colonic extrinsic afferent nerves and their neuronal cell bodies by a major secondary bile acid, deoxycholic acid (DCA). All experiments were performed on male C57BL/6 mice. Afferent sensitivity was evaluated using in vitroextracellular recordings from mesenteric nerves in the proximal colon (innervated by vagal and spinal afferents) and distal colon (spinal afferents only). Neuronal excitability of cultured dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and nodose ganglion (NG) neurons was examined with perforated patch clamp. Colonic 5-HT release was assessed using ELIS...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol Source Type: research
Neurons in the trigeminal nucleus fall into several categories based on electrophysiological properties. AbstractThe trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNc) receives extensive afferent innervation from peripheral sensory neurons of the trigeminal ganglion (TG), and is the first central relay in the circuitry underpinning orofacial pain. Despite the initial characterization of the neurons in the superficial laminae, many questions remain. Here we report on electrophysiological properties of 535 superficial lamina I/II TNc neurons. Based on their firing pattern, we assigned these cells to five main groups, including (1) tonic, (2)...
Source: Physiological Reports - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
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