32. Liver Transplantation in Alcoholic Liver Disease: Does It Impact on Socioeconomic Parameters?

Publication date: May–June 2019Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology, Volume 9, Issue 3Author(s): Fadl H. Veerankutty, Anitta Francis, S. Rommel, M. Noushif, Charles Panackel, Mathew Jacob
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Patients with certain psychosocial comorbidities had worse outcomes following liver transplantation. Further prospective and multi-center studies are warranted to properly determine guidelines for liver transplantation regarding this high-risk population. PMID: 31528246 [PubMed]
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research
Bacterial infections are more frequent and severe in patients with advanced liver disease and, therefore, in liver transplant candidates. The increased risk of infection in these patients parallels the severity of the immune dysfunction associated with cirrhosis, featured by systemic inflammation and progressive immunodeficiency. Other factors contribute to this risk, such as genetic polymorphisms, proton-pump inhibitor overuse, the numerous invasive procedures and hospitalizations these patients go through, or the immunosuppressive effects of malnutrition or alcohol abuse. Bacterial infections have a great impact on disea...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionThe SNUH technique, consisting of temporary clipping, intracorporeal suturing, and clip removal is safe and useful for pure laparoscopic right hepatectomy in donors with anatomic variations in the portal vein.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: LT candidates without known alcohol or drug use may have a clinically significant consumption of alcohol and previous illicit drug use. Efforts should be put on identification of these patients during LT evaluation. The use of structured questionnaires such as the ASI and the LDH could facilitate detection of alcohol and drug problems. PMID: 31453745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusions: A large percentage of women with cirrhosis experience abnormal uterine bleeding, which may be due to the coagulopathy that accompanies liver disease, or endometrial hyperplasia or carcinoma. Although hysterectomy is the criterion standard of treatment for atypical endometrial hyperplasia in a postmenopausal woman, patients with cirrhosis severe enough to require transplant are usually poor surgical candidates. Multiple studies have shown success with conservative management of atypical hyperplasia. There is a paucity of literature on managing patients undergoing transplant with abnormal uterine bleeding and ...
Source: Menopause - Category: OBGYN Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
The pyrogenic property being the first activity described, members of the interleukin-1 superfamily (IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-18, and the newest members: IL-33, IL-36, IL-37, and IL-38) are now known to be involved in several inflammatory diseases such as obesity, atherosclerosis, cancer, viral and parasite infections, and auto-inflammatory syndromes as well as liver diseases. Inflammation processes are keystones of chronic liver diseases, of which the etiology may be viral or toxic, as in alcoholic or non-alcoholic liver diseases. Inflammation is also at stake in acute liver failure involving massive necrosis, and in i...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is the leading cause of liver transplantation (LT). The magnitude and risk factors of post-LT alcohol relapse are not well described. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate alco...
Source: BMC Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundThe Veterans Health Administration (VHA) provides care to the one of the largest cohorts of patients with advanced liver disease (ALD) in the USA.AimsWe performed a national survey to assess system-wide strengths and barriers to care for Veterans with ALD in this national integrated healthcare setting.MethodsA 52-item survey was developed to assess access and barriers to care in Veterans with ALD. The survey was distributed to all VHA medical centers in 2015. Results were analyzed using descriptive statistics.ResultsOne hundred and fifty-three sites responded to this survey. Multidisciplinary services wer...
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
BC Transplant says a misunderstanding about the guidelines concerning alcohol abstinence and liver transplants triggered a human rights complaint filed earlier this week by a B.C. man who has end-stage liver disease.
Source: CBC | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/British Columbia Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Despite limitations, this is the first documented series of patients undergoing liver transplantation for HCC in South Africa and demonstrates that good results can be achieved in appropriately selected patients. PMID: 31392858 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: S Afr J Surg Source Type: research
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