Disseminated tuberculosis and gastric mucormycosis coinfection

We present a case of gastrointestinal (GI) mucormycosis in a diabetic patient with disseminated tuberculosis. Early diagnosis, addressing the risk factors for mucormycosis, surgical debridement, and timely antifungal treatment are the mainstay of care.
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Authors: Ayelign B, Negash M, Genetu M, Wondmagegn T, Shibabaw T Abstract The interaction between diabetes and major world infections like TB is a major public health concern because of rapidly rising levels of diabetes. The dual burden of tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) has become a major global public health problem. Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for the development of active and latent tuberculosis. Immune mechanisms contributing to the increased susceptibility of diabetic patients to TB are due to the defects in bacterial recognition, phagocytic activity, and cellular activation which re...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
Tuberculosis (TB) remains as the first cause of death among infectious diseases worldwide. Global incidence of tuberculosis is in part coincident with incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Incidence of T2D is recognized as a high-risk factor that may contribute to tuberculosis dissemination. However, mechanisms which favor infection under T2D are just starting to emerge. Here, we first discuss the evidences that are available to support a metabolic connection between TB and T2D. Then, we analyze the evidences of metabolic changes which occur during T2D gathered thus far for its influence on susceptibility to M. tuberculosis ...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Host eicosanoids are lipid mediators of inflammation that are commonly accepted as important modulators of the host immune response in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. During active tuberculosis (TB), eicosanoids may play an important role in the regulation of inflammatory responses. However, a detailed investigation of the relationship of eicosanoids in TB and TB-diabetes comorbidity (TB-DM) and association to disease pathology or bacterial burdens has not been studied. To study this, we examined the plasma levels of Lipoxin A4 (LXA4), 15-epi-LXA4, Leukotriene B4 (LTB4), and Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in individuals wit...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Authors: Velayutham B, Bhatnagar T, Savithri S, Kumar ND, Kangusamy B, Mehendale S PMID: 31556284 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusion: HLA-G +3142G>C gene polymorphism might decrease the risk of occurrence of RA in our sample cohort as +3142CC genotype is associated with increased sHLA-G levels. Abbreviations: HLA-G: human leukocyte antigen-G; RA: rheumatoid arthritis; MHC: major histocompatibility complex; UTR: untranslated region; URR: upstream regulatory region; SLE: systemic lupus erythematous; PCR-RFLP: polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism; sHLA-G: soluble HLA-G; bp: base pair; ACR/EULAR: American College of Rheumatology/European League against Rheumatism; RF: rheumatoid factor; Anti-CCP: anti-cyclic citru...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine the effect of individual dietary intervention on nutrition and oxidative stress of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) complicated by pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Xinjiang.MethodsA total of 164 patients with T2DM and PTB from January 2018 to December 2018 in the Chest Hospital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region were included. According to the random number table method, the patients were divided into an experimental group (n = 82) and control group (n = 82). The original treatments of PTB and T2DM were maintained. The control group was treated with a se...
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundDiabetes mellitus (DM) is burgeoning as a global chronic health condition. Some studies suggest that tuberculosis (TB) can even cause diabetes in those not previously known to be diabetic, which as a corollary can add to the already heavy global DM burden. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends screening for DM at the start of TB treatment; however, it remains to be elucidated which patients with TB-induced hyperglycaemia are at risk for developing DM and who would benefit from a more regular follow-up. This systematic review will aim to firstly synthesise literature on the irreversibility of TB-i...
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Resumo Este estudo analisou os fatores associados à tuberculose em diabéticos atendidos nas unidades de saúde de Vitória/ES, Brasil. Trata-se de um estudo caso-controle, sendo 45 casos de diabéticos atendidos nas 30 unidades do município e notificados no SINAN com diagnóstico de tuberculose no período de 2007 a 2013 e 90 de controles diabé ticos. Utilizaram-se dados do SINAN, do Sistema de Informação em Saúde de Vitória e do Laboratório Central Municipal, e uma entrevista estruturada. Foram realizadas análises bivariada...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
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