Synthesis of TPGS/Curcumin Nanoparticles by Thin-Film Hydration and Evaluation of Their Anti-Colon Cancer Efficacy In Vitro and In Vivo

In this study, we solubilised CCM with TPGS using thin-film rehydration to prepare aqueous formulations containing CCM at clinically relevant concentrations. We found that the minimal TPGS:CCM ratio for producing nanoparticles was 5:1 (w/w): at or above this ratio, stable nanoparticles formed with an average particle diameter of 12 nm. CCM was released from TPGS/CCM micelles in simulated colonic and gastric fluids. TPGS/CCM nanoparticles decreased intracellular ROS levels and apoptosis as well as inhibited migration of HT-29 human colon cancer cells more potently than free CCM. Pharmacokinetic analysis showed TPGS/CCM to be more bioavailable than free CCM after oral administration to rats. Our results suggest that TPGS/CCM may increase therapeutic efficacy of CCM against colon cancer and merits further investigation in a clinical setting.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 3 August 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: BiointerfacesAuthor(s): Heyu Li, Brenda Sanchez-Vazquez, Rita P. Trindade, Qiaobei Zou, Yang Mai, Liu Dou, Li-Min Zhu, Gareth R. WilliamsAbstractIn this work, we report new formulations for the combined photo-chemotherapy of colon cancer. Fibers were fabricated via coaxial-electrospinning with the intent of targeting delivery of the anti-cancer drug carmofur (CAR) and the photosensitizer rose bengal (RB) selectively to the colon site. The fibers comprised a hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) core loaded with the active ingredients, and a pH-...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Conclusion.Apatinib monotherapy showed promising efficiency for patients with refractory colorectal cancer, especially in patients with PS 0–1 or no liver metastasis. ctDNA abundance may be a predictor in serial monitoring of tumor load.
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Chinese Edition, Clinical Trial Results, Gastrointestinal Cancer Source Type: research
Gulcin Tezcan1, Ekaterina V. Martynova1, Zarema E. Gilazieva1, Alan McIntyre2, Albert A. Rizvanov1 and Svetlana F. Khaiboullina1,3* 1Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia 2Centre for Cancer Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom 3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV, United States Inflammation has a crucial role in protection against various pathogens. The inflammasome is an intracellular multiprotein signaling complex that is linked to pathogen sensing and...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, e-As4S4 holds great potential for an alternative therapeutics in the treatment of breast cancer, due to its unique function of correcting the aggressive microenvironment. Introduction Metastasis is the leading cause of breast cancer mortality, which has been one major challenge in clinical treatment (1). In particular, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by the absence of estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR) and HER2 receptors, which is one of the most aggressive types of breast cancers, marked by high rates of relapse, visceral metastases and early death (2, 3). The...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Li Liu, Jiajing Lin and Hongying He* Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Liuzhou Worker’s Hospital, Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Liuzhou, China Background and Objective: Endometrial cancer (EC) is a common gynecological malignancy worldwide. Despite advances in the development of strategies for treating EC, prognosis of the disease remains unsatisfactory, especially for advanced EC. The aim of this study was to identify novel genes that can be used as potential biomarkers for identifying the prognosis of EC and to construct a novel risk stratification using these genes. Me...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Saeed Nourmohammadi1†, Thazin Nwe Aung2†, Jian Cui2, Jinxin V. Pei1, Michael Lucio De Ieso1, Yuka Harata-Lee2, Zhipeng Qu2, David L. Adelson2* and Andrea J. Yool1* 1Adelaide Medical School, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia 2Department of Molecular and Biomedical Science, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia Traditional Chinese Medicines are promising sources of new agents for controlling cancer metastasis. Compound Kushen Injection (CKI), prepared from medicinal plants Sophora flavescens and Heterosmilax chinensis, disrupts cell cycle...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether combining anti-PD-L1 Atezolizumab with BEV may have a synergistic effect and enhance the efficacy of both treatments in cisplatin resistant epithelial ovarian cancer (CREOC). We retrospectively analyzed 124 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients from Gynecologic Oncology Department of Tianjin Cancer Hospital between January 2013 and June 2018, who all were diagnosed with cisplatin resistance due to progressing
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Qingbin Cui1,2, Chao-Yun Cai2, Hai-Ling Gao2,3, Liang Ren1, Ning Ji2,4, Pranav Gupta2, Yuqi Yang2, Suneet Shukla5, Suresh V. Ambudkar5, Dong-Hua Yang2 and Zhe-Sheng Chen2* 1School of Public Health, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangdong, China 2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, St. John's University, Queens, NY, United States 3Department of Histology and Embryology, Clinical Medical College, Weifang Medical University, Weifang, China 4Tianjin Key Laboratory on Technologies Enabling Development of Clinical Therapeutics and Diagnostics, School of Pharmacy, Tian...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Hepatoma-Derived Growth Factor and DDX5 Promote Carcinogenesis and Progression of Endometrial Cancer by Activating β-Catenin Chunhua Liu1†, Lijing Wang1†, Qingping Jiang2†, Junyi Zhang3†, Litong Zhu1, Li Lin1, Huiping Jiang1, Dan Lin1, Yanyi Xiao1, Weiyi Fang1,3 and Suiqun Guo1* 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Pathology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China 3Integrated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guang...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Prognosis prediction based on informative DEGs might yield a higher predictive accuracy in CRC prognosis than the TNM staging system does. Introduction Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies globally (1). In order to guide clinical treatment and predict prognosis, several CRC staging systems have been established, especially the American Joint committee on Cancer (AJCC) tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) system based on anatomical information, which is widely used (2). According to the TNM staging system, the survival of CRC patients is related to the size of primary tumor (T), nearby lym...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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