The transcription factor LEF1 promotes tumorigenicity and activates the TGF- β signaling pathway in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the most difficult subtype of esophageal cancer to treat due to the paucity of effective targeted therapy. ESCC is believed to arise from cancer stem cells (CSCs) t...
Source: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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This study was performed to investigate the role of PTK7 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) stem-like cells (CSCs). PTK7 expression in ESCCs identified by RT-qPCR, and CSC-like cells were isolated from populations of NEC and TE-1 cells. The CSC-like cells were verified by flow cytometric analyses performed using CD34 and CD133 antibodies, and RT-qPCR and western blot assays were used to examine the self-renewal capability of CSC-like cells. CSC-like cells treated with PTK7 siRNA or a P53-specific inhibitor (PFT α) were analyzed for their sphere formation capacity and their apoptosis and migration/invasion c...
Source: Human Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 123Author(s): Ying Wang, Nayiyuan Wu, Xia Luo, Xiaoyun Zhang, Qianjin Liao, Jing WangAbstractSOX2OT is a long non-coding RNA that is highly expressed in embryonic stem cells. The SOX2OT gene is comprised of 10 exons and more than two transcription start sites. Dysregulation of SOX2OT is observed in various tumors, including lung cancer, gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, ovarian cancer, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, osteosarcoma, nasopharyngeal carc...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) ranks among the five most common cancers in China, and has a five-year survival rate of less than 15%. The transcription factor ATAD2 has potential as a therapeutic target in various tumors, and microarray-based gene expression profiling reveals dysregulation of ATAD2 specifically in ESCC. Here we investigated whether ATAD2 could mediate a regulation of cancer stem cell (CSC) biological functions in ESCC. Immunohistochemical staining, reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and Western blot assays all revealed up-regulation of ATAD2 in ESCC t...
Source: Am J Physiol Cell Ph... - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Cell Physiol Source Type: research
ConclusionsHSCT patients have an extremely high risk of developing pneumonia after esophagectomy, and the condition can easily become serious. Therefore, broad-spectrum antibiotics should be administered prophylactically to prevent severe pneumonia during the perioperative period in these patients.
Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
HIF‑1α promotes the stemness of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma by activating the Wnt/β‑catenin pathway. Oncol Rep. 2019 Jun 18;: Authors: Lv Z, Liu RD, Chen XQ, Wang B, Li LF, Guo YS, Chen XJ, Ren XQ Abstract Hypoxia‑inducible‑factor 1α (HIF‑1α) is a marker for poor prognosis in the majority of the cancer types, and it has been revealed to be essential for maintaining cancer stem cells (CSCs). In the present study, it was determined that the expression of HIF‑1α and CSC‑related genes under hypoxic conditions was upregulated. Stable knockdown of HIF‑1&al...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion MTDH is pro-oncogenic factor playing multifaceted and diverse roles in cancer progression. Its association and central role in regulating signaling pathways such a MAPK, wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AkT, NF-κβ pathways in various cancers shows that it plays a vital role in metastasis. MTDH contribution to chemo and radiotherapy resistance provides a new direction for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Multiple mechanisms converge to promote expression of MTDH in cancers. Further studies are therefore warranted to determine whether the elevated MTDH expression has prognostic value for development...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aimed to reveal the effect and mechanism of GASC1 on ESCC stemness. The biological function of GASC1 in ESCC was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. ChIP assay was performed to determine the molecular mechanism of GASC1 in epigenetic regulation of NOTCH1. We found that GASC1 expression was increased in poor differentiated ESCC cells and tissues. ESCC patients with a high level of GASC1 presented a significantly worse survival rate. GASC1 expression in purified ALDH+ ESCC cells was significantly higher than that in ALDH- cells. The stemness of ESCC was dramatically decreased after GASC1 blockade. Furthermore, bl...
Source: Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether combining anti-PD-L1 Atezolizumab with BEV may have a synergistic effect and enhance the efficacy of both treatments in cisplatin resistant epithelial ovarian cancer (CREOC). We retrospectively analyzed 124 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients from Gynecologic Oncology Department of Tianjin Cancer Hospital between January 2013 and June 2018, who all were diagnosed with cisplatin resistance due to progressing
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Eleonora A. Braga1*†, Marina V. Fridman2†, Vitaly I. Loginov1,3, Alexey A. Dmitriev4 and Sergey G. Morozov1 1Institute of General Pathology and Pathophysiology, Moscow, Russia 2Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia 3Research Center of Medical Genetics, Moscow, Russia 4Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the third most common urological cancer, and it has the highest mortality rate. The increasing drug resistance of metastatic ccRCC has resulted in the search f...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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