Mediterranean diet 'cuts strokes and heart attacks in at-risk groups'
Research shows diet can reduce risk for people who smoke, have type 2 diabetes or exhibit other unhealthy characteristicsFollowing a Mediterranean diet rich in either extra-virgin olive oil or nuts reduces the risk of people at risk of a heart attack or stroke suffering either event or dying of a heart condition by 30%, new research reveals.The findings, published online by the New England Journal of Medicine, offer hope to those in danger of a heart attack or stroke because they smoke, have type 2 diabetes or exhibit other unhealthy characteristics. They also confirm that the diet common in southern European countries, which involves consuming a lot of fruit, vegetables, fish and wine, and only small amounts of red meat or dairy products, offers protection against heart problems."A causal role of the Mediterranean diet in cardiovascular prevention has high biologic plausibility. The results of our trial might explain, in part, the lower cardiovascular mortality in Mediterranean countries than in northern Europe or the United States," the authors conclude.The risk of those on the diet having a stroke was significantly reduced, they found.Spanish researchers led by Prof Ramon Estruch, a professor of medicine at Barcelona University, studied 7,447 men aged 55 to 88 and women aged 60 to 80 between 2003 and 2009. None had any cardiovascular disease when they enrolled in the study, but all were at risk of it because they had type 2 diabetes or had at least three risk fac...
This report continues the development of ALIs as a clinical tool in wildlife while systematically testing one possible method for determining an optimal ALI for a particular species. PMID: 32228119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: There is an increasing trend of obesity and lifestyle disorders in adolescent population that can be linked to Binge eating behavior however, the role of binge eating in context of one of the potential cause of lifestyle disorders and obesity has not been studied in Indian adolescents despite the prevalence of Binge eating and overweight being high in this population, we need further larger studies to corroborate the findings of this study. PMID: 32229430 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Lee HA, Park B, Park EA, Cho SJ, Kim HS, Choi EJ, Kim NE, Park H Abstract BACKGROUND: Routine blood pressure (BP) measurement is recommended to begin at 3 years of age, but there are no national BP reference values for Korean children less than 7 years of age. Therefore, we developed sex-, age-, and height-specific BP reference values for non-overweight children aged 3-9 years. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 416, 340, 321, 323, and 332 subjects aged 3, 5, 7, 8, and 9 years, respectively, who participated in the Ewha Birth and Growth Cohort Study. BP percentile curves were generated using generalized ...
The coronavirus has been a far deadlier threat in New Orleans than the rest of the United States, with a per-capita death rate much higher than in New York City.Reuters Health Information
Publication date: May 2020Source: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Volume 77Author(s): A. Colim, P. Arezes, P. Flores, A.C. Braga
PURPOSE: Obesity has been associated with an increased risk of the depression in the general population, but it is unknown whether this relationship applies equally to immigrants as well as non-immigrants. Furthermore, the nature of the relationship is unc...
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2020Source: International Journal of Surgery Case ReportsAuthor(s): Paulo Cabrera, Carlos Roman, Silvia Barbosa, Fabian Alvarado, Esteban Diaz, Mayerlin Martinez
Purpose of review In 2013, the association between T-Box factor 4 (TBX4) variants and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has first been described. Now – in 2020 – growing evidence is emerging indicating that TBX4 variants associate with a wide spectrum of lung disorders. Recent findings TBX4 variants are enriched in both children and adults with PAH. The clinical phenotype associated with a TBX4 variant seems to be milder than that in other PAH-associated gene mutations. Further, TBX4 variants have increasingly been associated with a variety of clinical and histopathological phenotypes, including lethal...
This article focuses on practical approaches and decision-making strategies for utilizing FCGM in primary care settings. PMID: 32223687 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2020Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Patricia East, Jenalee Doom, Erin Delker, Estela Blanco, Raquel Burrows, Paulina Correa-Burrows, Betsy Lozoff, Sheila Gahagan
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