Clinical Performance of Human Papillomavirus Testing and Visual Inspection With Acetic Acid in Primary, Combination, and Sequential Cervical Cancer Screening in China

Conclusions When VIA performs relatively poorly and HPV testing is available, adding VIA to sequential (ie, HPV followed by VIA triage) or primary (HPV-VIA cotesting) screening does not significantly improve CIN-2+ detection beyond primary HPV screening alone. Sequential screening (ie, HPV followed by VIA triage) reduces sensitivity too low for population-based screening programs. The HPV viral loads could offer an alternative low-resource country triage strategy.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

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Conclusions The swab home collection samples were equivalent to the clinical samples, but the tampon method had an unacceptably high rate of specimens insufficient for HPV detection.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
AbstractIn the U.S. there is an epidemic of sexually transmitted diseases (STIs). One of the most prevalent STIs is the Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Certain high risk strains of HPV are believed to cause virtually all cervical cancers, over 90% of anal cancers, 70% of oropharyngeal cancers, and the majority of anal  genital warts. HPV is preventable through vaccination and is available for both men and women. Several educational interventions have been employed, yet baseline awareness and knowledge related to HPV and 9vHPV remains relatively low among young men. What is not known is the most effective method for provid...
Source: Journal of Community Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
For its first few years on the market, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was approved only for young girls. Over time, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has broadened its approval to include boys, as well as adults up to age 45—allowing more people to get the cancer-preventing vaccine, but also breeding confusion about who should get vaccinated and when. On Thursday, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released new recommendations, based on guidance from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, that should clear up some of that confusion. The CDC reaffirmed that its prior...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized onetime public health Source Type: news
The number of studies, the sample size, and the prevalence on HPV infection in general population of each province of China AbstractHuman papillomavirus (HPV) infection which continues to be the most common sexually transmitted disease, has been identified as a major risk factor for cervical cancer. Therefore, it is very important to understand and grasp the distribution of HPV in Chinese population, and make the foundation for the development of cervical cancer vaccine in China. An extensive search strategy was conducted in multiple literature databases. All retrieved studies were screened by October 31, 2018. The prevale...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Human papillomavirus, or HPV, is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Most of the time, the body clears it without problems. But when it doesn’t, it can lead to cancer. HPV is the leading cause of cervical cancer, and it can also lead to cancers of the vagina, vulva, penis, anus, and mouth. Every year, there are more than 40,000 cases of cancer caused by HPV. The HPV vaccine can prevent most of them. Research shows the HPV vaccine is effective A study published in the journal Pediatrics underlined just how effective the vaccine is. Researchers studied women ages 13 to 26 between 2006 and 2017, looking...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children's Health Men's Health Parenting Vaccines Women's Health Source Type: blogs
This study confirms that hrHPV infection was associated with age, marital status, sympt oms of intercourse bleeding, history of sexually transmitted infections, and sex-related behaviors. Above all, this study provides a baseline database prior to obtaining vaccinations for dynamic tracking of the changes in hrHPV prevalence.
Source: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology -- Medical Sciences -- - Category: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions Increased HPV vaccination coverage in California is needed to reduce economic and health burdens associated with cancers caused by HPV infection.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Conclusions High levels of high-risk HPV infection and type-specific persistence were documented, heightening the urgency of mass role out of HPV vaccination. The association between HPV persistence and HIV transmission is a novel finding, warranting further study.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection associated with cervical cancer that frequently occurs as a coinfection of types and subtypes. Highly similar sublineages that show over 10...
Source: BMC Bioinformatics - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Software Source Type: research
Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrated that more active education is needed to decrease HPV infections among undergraduate students. Increasing awareness of HPV makes it easier to develop positive behaviors in fighting against it. In order to increase the contribution of young people to educational activities for the community, information about HPV and HPV vaccines should first be included in training programs at universities. To support the development of effective and high-quality public health interventions, young people should be educated so that obstacles to HPV vaccination in various cultural groups can...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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