Type-Specific Human Papillomavirus Prevalence, Incident Cases, Persistence, and Associated Pregnancy Outcomes Among HIV-Infected Women in Kenya

Conclusions High levels of high-risk HPV infection and type-specific persistence were documented, heightening the urgency of mass role out of HPV vaccination. The association between HPV persistence and HIV transmission is a novel finding, warranting further study.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

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This study investigated feasibility and safety of a prehabilitation program for colorectal cancer. Methods Multimodal prehabilitation was offered to patients eligible for participation and they were assigned to an intervention or control group by program availability. The prehabilitation program consisted of the following four interventions: in-hospital high-intensity endurance and strength training, high-protein nutrition and supplements, smoking cessation, and psychological support. Program attendance, patient satisfaction, adverse events, and functional capacity were determined. Results Fifty patients participated...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Hospital serosurveillance as described is an option to monitor the impact of vaccination on the population. Our experience could be reproduced in other regions under similar conditions if the above-mentioned challenges are solved. PMID: 31529840 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Biomedica Source Type: research
UCLA Health Rates of sexually transmitted diseases have risen for the past four years to record highs in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ’slatest analysis. In California, the state health departmentfound that the number of people diagnosed with syphilis, gonorrhea or chlamydia in 2017 was 45 percent higher than five years prior.These sorts of statistics may spark a fear that there ’s little we can do to protect ourselves — but that’s not the full story.Dr. Leena Nathan, an obstetrician/gynecologist at UCLA Health-Westlake Village, consults with peo...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Background: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the sexually transmitted infection and cause of cervical cancer, with considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. Objective: We evaluated and summarized the available evidence on the vertical transmission rate of HPV in pregnant women for their newborns, as well as the possible risk factors for vertical transmission of HPV.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: UMP. 662 Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough HPV vaccination had little effect on fecundability overall, HPV vaccination was positively associated with fecundability among women with a history of sexually transmitted infections.
Source: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research
os CM Abstract Sexually transmitted infections are an important cause of morbidity among sexually active women worldwide, and have been implicated as cofactors in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer. We investigated the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), and accessed the diversity of HPV in women with normal and abnormal cytology in Manaus, Brazil. We used polymerase chain reaction and HPV genotyping by direct sequencing. The chi-square test was used to calculate the absolute and relative frequencies of the categorical variables, and Fisher's test was used when P
Source: Genetics and Molecular Research - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Genet Mol Res Source Type: research
This study purports to test our a priori hypotheses that STIs are associated with genotypes pertaining to the α-group species 9. The objectives were to determine the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV), Trichomonas vaginalis, and Candida spp in FSW, the association between these STIs and the prevalence of any potential HR and HR HPV genotypes in FSWs. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design of 616 FSW from Western Kenya aged between 18 and 61 years during 2009-2015 using a peer recruitment sampling strategy. Inclusion criteria for the study entailed female sex and>18 years of age and having engaged in tran...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Feucht C, VandenBussche H Abstract The ideal contraceptive agent remains elusive for the adolescent population. Contraceptive failure is often caused by inappropriate or inconsistent use, and discontinuation within the first year is not uncommon. Various methods have been explored within the adolescent population to increase efficacy rates, minimize side effects, and prevent unwanted pregnancies. The use of intrauterine devices and continuous use of combined oral contraceptives may lead to greater efficacy because of the ease of use and reduction in menstrual symptoms. Recent literature supports the contin...
Source: Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Adolesc Med State Art Rev Source Type: research
Human papillomavirus is a common sexually transmitted infection and the causative agent for cervical cancer, a frequently occurring malignant disease among women in developing countries. We assessed human papillomavirus awareness prior to the delivery of a brief information and education intervention, and human papillomavirus vaccine provision to female entertainment and sex workers (N = 220). At baseline, only 23.6% of women had heard of human papillomavirus. Following the educational intervention, 90% answered all the human papillomavirus knowledge questions correctly. Of 192 participants attending the first quarterly co...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The maternal and neonatal HPV colonization mechanism is essentially, but not exclusively, transvaginal. PMID: 26275464 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica Espanola - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp Source Type: research
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