Resilience, alexithymia, and university stress in relation to anxiety and problematic alcohol use among female university students

ConclusionsFindings suggest that students who lack resilience are more likely to report stress at university, as well as associated adverse outcomes such as anxiety and problematic drinking, due to deficiencies in emotional self ‐regulation and inadequate use of social and interpersonal resources for successful coping.
Source: Australian Journal of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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This article highlights some of these challenges in the design of lifestyle studies in PD, and suggests a more coordinated international effort is required, including ongoing longitudinal observational studies. In combination with pharmaceutical treatments, healthy lifestyle behaviors may slow the progression of PD, empower patients, and reduce disease burden. For optimal care of people with PD, it is important to close this gap in current knowledge and discover whether such associations exist. Introduction Parkinson's disease (PD) is an age-related complex progressive neurodegenerative disorder, with key p...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that cognitive dysfunction severity relates to the negative/disorganized symptom domain across SZ, BD, and MDD, and negative/disorganized symptoms may be an important target for effective cognitive remediation in SZ, BD, and MDD.IntroductionSchizophrenia (SZ), bipolar disorder (BD), and major depressive disorder (MDD) have long been viewed as distinct disorders based on differing clinical presentations (1); however, there is substantial evidence suggesting that these disorders share pathophysiological and clinical manifestations (2, 3). Moreover, studies have shown co-aggregation of the th...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Altered Brain Function in Drug-Naïve Major Depressive Disorder Patients With Early-Life Maltreatment: A Resting-State fMRI StudyZhexue Xu1,2†, Jing Zhang1†, Di Wang3†, Ting Wang4, Shu Zhang5, Xi Ren2, Xiaolei Zhu7, Atsushi Kamiya7, Jiliang Fang6* and Miao Qu1,2*1Department of Neurology, Xuan Wu Hospital Capital Medical University, Beijing, China2Department of Neurology, Third Affiliated Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China3Department of Clinical Psychology, Beijing Anding Hospital, Beijing, China4Nanjing Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion: Financial compensation was related to victims' long-term severity of impairment, although some extreme cases with severe disability were granted very poor compensation. Introduction Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs at a high incidence with more than 50 million people sustaining a TBI each year worldwide (1). Related to this, people with TBI are frequently involved in a litigation with claim compensation proceedings because another person was partly or wholly at fault for causing the injury, in particular in the context of road traffic accidents. While lawsuits after TBI are frequent, research...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Study results suggest that addressing the use of avoidant coping, such as acting-out coping, internalised coping, or partying coping, by youth with TBI in the criminal justice system could help ameliorate depression/anxiety and abuse of alcohol and drugs. PMID: 30359145 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
ConclusionIndividuals hospitalized due to a head injury were more likely to have new onset and worsening of pre-existing headache and persistent headache, compared to the surrounding general population. The results support the entity of the ICHD-3 beta diagnosis “persistent headache attributed to traumatic injury to the head”.
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion Since senior citizens are susceptible to delirium due to several of its causes, it is important to focus on the preventable ones, so it doesn’t develop. Along with preventing delirium, eliminating some causes many also prevent some forms of dementia. What are your experiences in caring for loved ones with delirium or dementia? We encourage you to share with us in the comment section below.
Source: Shield My Senior - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Senior Safety Source Type: blogs
Conclusions:Insomnia occurs in about one of five service members prior to a military deployment and is associated with a wide array of psychosocial stressors and mental and physical health problems.Citation:Taylor DJ, Pruiksma KE, Hale WJ, Kelly K, Maurer D, Peterson AL, Mintz J, Litz BT, Williamson DE, STRONG STAR Consortium. Prevalence, correlates, and predictors of insomnia in the US Army prior to deployment.SLEEP 2016;39(10):1795–1806.
Source: Sleep - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Retrospective assessment of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) must take into account factors other than traumatic brain injury (TBI) which may impact on memory both at the time of injury and subsequent to the injury. These include analgesics, anaesthesia required for surgery, and the development of acute or post-traumatic stress disorder. This is relevant in clinical and medicolegal settings. Repeated assessments of the post-injury state, involving tests for continuing amnesia, risk promoting recall of events suggested by the examiner, or generating confabulations. The PTA syndrome affects the categorical autobiographical memor...
Source: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Coma and raised intracranial pressure, Dementia, Neurological injury, Pain (neurology), Trauma CNS / PNS, Pain (palliative care), Anxiety disorders (including OCD and PTSD), Pain (anaesthesia), Drugs misuse (including addiction), Memory disorders (psychia Source Type: research
Conclusion In closing, our patient’s episode of TGA combined with her emotional and perceptual response lends credence to the proposal of a “fear/paranoia” circuit in the genesis of paranoid delusions—a circuit incorporating amygdala, frontal, and parietal cortices. Here, neutral or irrelevant stimuli, thoughts, and percepts come to engender fear and anxiety, while dysfunction in frontoparietal circuitry engenders inappropriate social predictions and maladaptive inferences about the intentions of others.[54] Hippocampus relays information about contextual information based on past experiences and th...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Anxiety Disorders Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology Case Report Cognition Current Issue Dementia Medical Issues Neurologic Systems and Symptoms Psychiatry Schizophrenia delusions hippocampus neurobiology Transient global amnesia Source Type: research
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