Brief Report: Impact of ART Classes on the Increasing Risk of Cerebral Small-Vessel Disease in Middle-Aged, Well-Controlled, cART-Treated, HIV-Infected Individuals

Conclusion: No deleterious effect of ART class exposure on the risk of CSVD was found for middle-aged treated PLHIVs.
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research

Related Links:

This study set out to determine the prevalence of abnormal carotid ultrasound findings and their association with cognitive function among the adults ≥60 years in Wakiso district, Uganda in 2018. A total of 210 participants were included. Carotid artery stenosis, presence of plaque, stenosis and intima-media thickness were assessed by ultrasound. Cognitive status was assessed using a Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) test. The prevalence of plaque was 21.4%. Variables which included; presence of plaque, age, education, gender, marital status, whether participant stayed alone or with someone else, care for self, occupation...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
We examined baseline plasma β-amyloid (Aβ) levels in relationship to incident dementia during a period of 8.5 years in 2840 subjects age>75 years; 2381 were cognitively normal (CN) and 450 mild cognitive impairment. RESULTS: Increased plasma Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42 levels were associated with gender (women), age, low education, creatinine levels, history of stroke, and hypertension. CN participants who developed dementia had lower levels of Aβ1-42 and Aβ1-42/Aβ1-40 ratio compared with those who did not. Aβ levels did not predict dementia in mild cognitive impairment participant...
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research
We examined baseline plasma β-amyloid (Aβ) levels in relationship to incident dementia during a period of 8.5 years in 2840 subjects age>75 years; 2381 were cognitively normal (CN) and 450 mild cognitive impairment.ResultsIncreased plasma Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42 levels were associated with gender (women), age, low education, creatinine levels, history of stroke, and hypertension. CN participants who developed dementia had lower levels of Aβ1-42 and Aβ1-42/Aβ1-40 ratio compared with those who did not. Aβ levels did not predict dementia in mild cognitive impairment participants.Discu...
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
This study sought to investigate what could be learned from how these men have fared. The men were born in 1925-1928 and similar health-related data from questionnaires, physical examination, and blood samples are available for all surveys. Survival curves over various variable strata were applied to evaluate the impact of individual risk factors and combinations of risk factors on all-cause deaths. At the end of 2018, 118 (16.0%) of the men had reached 90 years of age. Smoking in 1974 was the strongest single risk factor associated with survival, with observed percentages of men reaching 90 years being 26.3, 25.7, ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conditions:   Atrial Fibrillation;   Coronary Heart Disease;   Cardiovascular Diseases;   Heart Failure;   Hypertension;   Peripheral Arterial Disease;   Stroke, Ischemic;   Asthma;   Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;   Obesity;   Cancer;   Chronic Kidney Diseases;   Diabetes Me llitus;   Dementia;   Depression;   Epilepsy;   Mental Health Disorder;   Rheumatoid Arthritis;   Blood Pressure Intervention:   Sponsor:   Future&nbs...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Right now the world is experiencing an epidemic that is projected to get much, much worse. It’s an epidemic of dementia, affecting 50 million people and millions more of their caregivers — staggering numbers that are projected to triple by 2050. The dementia crisis is such a massive worldwide issue that the World Health Organization (WHO) announced a strategic public health action plan, including compiling an organized database of quality dementia research and creating guidelines for the prevention of dementia. The guidelines have just been published, a 96-page document that is summarized here, as well as in th...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Alzheimer's Disease Brain and cognitive health Exercise and Fitness Healthy Aging Memory Nutrition Source Type: blogs
ConclusionThis nationwide population ‐based study revealed that ADT was not associated with cerebral infarction after adjusting for potential confounders.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Looking for clues about the health of your brain? You might want to pay a visit to your eye doctor. Research increasingly links common eye conditions — glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy — to risk for Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia. What’s interesting about the study results, says Dr. Albert Hofman, chair of epidemiology at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, is that cataracts, another common age-related eye condition, had no apparent connection to dementia risk. This gives scientists an important clue about the cause of dementia and Alzheimer&rs...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Alzheimer's Disease Brain and cognitive health Eye Health Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with psoriasis have a significantly higher incidence of dementia, particularly the nonvascular type. Systemic therapy might be protective in preventing dementia in patients with psoriasis. PMID: 31091030 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
As the brain ages, it begins to accrue small microbleeds and lesions in white matter that are readily detectable as white matter hyperintensities (WMH) using FLAIR MRI. Accumulation of WMH is associated with multiple dementia risk factors, including age, hypertension, stroke, and brain atrophy. Longitudinal studies have reported that the spread of WMH coincides with age-related cognitive decline in general populations of older adults. However, the age at which WMH begin to signal cognitive deficits is still unclear.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Dementia | Heart | Hypertension | Infectious Diseases | Science | Stroke | Study