Negative impact of maternal antenatal depressive symptoms on neonate ’s behavioral characteristics

AbstractPrenatal maternal depression is associated with developmental disorders in offspring. However, the specific effects of the intensity of prenatal depressive symptoms on infant behavior remain poorly explored. The aim of this work is to explore the links between early neonatal behavior and maternal prenatal depressive symptoms, independently from maternal pre- and postnatal anxiety and early postnatal maternal depressive symptoms. Five hundred and ninety-eight women and their newborns from the MATQUID cohort were prospectively evaluated during the 8th month of pregnancy (T1) and at day 3 postpartum (T2). We analyzed the independent associations between neonates ’ behavior (Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale—NBAS) at T2 and the intensity of maternal prenatal depressive symptoms (CES-D), taking into account confounding factors including depressive symptoms at T2 and anxiety (T1 and T2). The presence of a major depressive episode (MDE) based on MINI at T1 was also studied, independently. Our results show a significant negative correlation between prenatal CES-D scores and NBAS scores on “habituation” (p = 0.0001), “orientation” (p = 0.015), “motor system” (p 
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The results suggest early routine screening for anxiety and depressive symptoms amongst the Chinese pregnant women with a history of recurrent miscarriage. Health-care professionals should give more effort to enhance these women's social support to decrease their anxiety and depressive symptoms. PMID: 31411054 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: J Reprod Infant Psychol Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 57Author(s): Elisa Porter, Andrew J. Lewis, Stuart J. Watson, Megan GalballyAbstractPregnancy and the early post partum period are widely understood as a critical period for the infant’s emotional development and the earliest influence shaping social interaction. The present study aims to understand the potential influence of both antenatal and postnatal maternal anxiety and depressive symptoms on socio-emotional outcomes in offspring aged 12 months. The study used longitudinal data from a prospective cohort study on Australian pregnant wo...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Conclusions: Women with increased antenatal levels of anxiety or depression symptoms are at increased risk of elevated levels of both postpartum depression and anxiety symptoms. Experiencing life events during pregnancy that were not related to the pregnancy was associated with higher levels of anxiety and depression in the postpartum period, as opposed to pregnancy-related events, delivery complications, or unfavorable obstetric outcomes. These results suggest that events during pregnancy but not related to the pregnancy and birth are a highly important predictor for postpartum mental health.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study sought to compare the pregnancy and postpartum self-reported mood and mental health status of women who conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) with those of women who conceived spontaneously. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 1176 pregnant women from prenatal clinics in the Ontario Birth Study were enrolled. In the pregnancy and the postpartum period, women who conceived with ART, including in vitro fertilization and intrauterine insemination, were compared with women who conceived spontaneously regarding depression and anxiety at 12-16 weeks and 24-28 weeks gestation and 6-10 weeks p...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
Maternal prenatal depressive or anxiety symptoms are associated with adverse maternal and infant health outcomes. With prevalence rates of maternal prenatal depression and anxiety ranging between 10 and 20%, a...
Source: Trials - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research
Conditions:   Pregnancy Related;   Stress, Psychological;   Anxiety;   Perinatal Depression Interventions:   Behavioral: SMART Pregnancy;   Behavioral: Treatment as usual Sponsors:   Stony Brook University;   Massachusetts General Hospital;   Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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