Congo-Kinshasa: How the Ebola Crisis Has Led to Children Dying From Measles
[The Conversation Africa] Forty-five years ago, the World Health Organisation launched the Expanded Programme on Immunisation. It covered six diseases - measles, tuberculosis, polio, diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus. Since then, anti-measles vaccines have been distributed to millions of children across the world, leading to a massive reduction in illness and death. For example, between 2000 and 2017, it was estimated that global deaths from measles had reduced by about 80% due to vaccination.
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Harry Amuguni Chanzu, John Mmari Onyari, Paul Mwanza ShiunduAbstractSorption of Congo Red (CR) and Malachite Green (MG) dyes currently used in pigments and clothing industries were investigated using brewers’ spent grain (BSG) from a local brewery. Adsorption increased with a higher adsorbent weight and lower colorant concentrations. Accumulation of CR and MG was optimal at acidic pH and neutral pH respectively. Sorption decreased with an increase in temperature signifying an exothermic process. Batch adsorption data fitte...
Deaths attributed to the disease have outpaced those from Ebola this year.
Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): W.M. Borges, G.R. Bechara, M.M.L. de Miranda, G.B. de Figueiredo, B.A. Venturini, C.R. LaghiAbstractTuberculosis (TB) is a secular disease caused by a bacillus, highly prevalent in Brazil. The genito-urinary tract involvement is rare, with the epididymis the most affected location. Treatment usually involves the combination of 3 to 4 drugs for TB for 6 months and surgery can be useful in complications.
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Yanqiu Wei, Peng Chen, Huihui Yue, Gaohong Sheng, Jiaojiao Chu, Hui-Lan ZhangAbstractGiant cell interstitial pneumonia (GIP) is an exceedingly rare lung disease, usually due to occupational exposure to hard-metal compounds (tungsten, carbide, cobalt). Diagnosis of GIP is mainly based on the presence of multinucleated giant cell (MNGC) in alveolar spaces by histologic examination. Here, we present a case of GIP with multi-organ involvement. A 63-year-old man was diagnosed with tuberculosis firstly, but conventional treatment d...
Condition: Tuberculosis, Meningeal Interventions: Drug: LZD; Drug: High dose RIF; Drug: Standard dose RIF Sponsors: University of California, San Francisco; MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on Aids; London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Not yet recruiting
Conditions: Cancer of Cervix; Vaccinia Intervention: Biological: Gardasil Sponsors: University of Fukui; Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Not yet recruiting
Ahead of a key expert meeting convened by the United Nations to decide whether to declare the ongoing Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) an international health emergency, the UN Children’s Fund UNICEF warned that the epidemic “is infecting more children” than earlier outbreaks.
[allAfrica] Cape Town -Officials in the DR Congo have confirmed that a pastor diagnosed with Ebola in Goma has died, appealing for calm as the epidemic reaches the city with a population of one million people, according to France24.
Conclusions: Because S. pneumoniae was the primary cause of invasive infections, pneumococcal vaccines may be considered as a preventive intervention in children with nephrotic syndrome. Additionally, penicillin can be used to prevent and treat pneumococcal infections in children with nephrotic syndrome in Bangladesh.
Conclusions: This study provides a quantitative estimate of the total burden of IPD preventable by PCV7 and PCV13 vaccination programs in Australia. ARRs (compared with prevaccination) were significant but smaller than in Finland (122/100,000 for the combined outcome) and longer-term follow-up is required to determine the additional impact of PCV13 above that seen for PCV7. Country-specific studies are needed to accurately estimate the burden of pneumococcal disease preventable by vaccination and cost-effectiveness of PCV vaccination programs.