TMEM18 inhibits osteogenic differentiation of rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells by inactivating β-catenin.

In this study, we found that Tmem18 was significantly downregulated in rat BMSCs after osteogenic induction. - TMEM18 overexpression remarkably downregulated osteo-specific genes including alkaline phosphatase (Alp), Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), osteocalcin (Ocn), and osteopontin (Opn), and reduced the number of mineral deposits and ALP activity in vitro, whereas knockdown of Tmem18 yielded the opposite results. In vivo assays also indicated that TMEM18 knockdown BMSCs have an increased bone formation potential in a rat model of calvarial defects. Analyses of the mechanism suggested that TMEM18 overexpression decreased β-catenin expression, whereas the TMEM18 knockdown enhanced β-catenin expression and promoted its nuclear translocation. The positive effects on osteogenic differentiation of rat BMSCs owing to the TMEM18 knockdown were attenuated by β-catenin downregulation. Taken together, these results indicate that TMEM18 plays an inhibitory role in osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs via inactivation of β-catenin. PMID: 31288024 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental Cell Research - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Exp Cell Res Source Type: research

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