Characterization of Pulmonary Emboli in Total Joint Arthroplasty Patients Compared to General Medical Patients

J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1693417Pulmonary emboli (PEs) occur in medical and postoperative total joint arthroplasty (TJA) patients. These are different patient populations, yet both undergo identical diagnosis and treatment regardless of PEs size and quantity. To date, there has been no analysis of the location, size, and quantity of emboli that occur postoperatively in TJA compared with general medical patients. We hypothesized TJA patients would have different size and distribution of PEs per event compared with medical patients. A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients who underwent total hip or knee arthroplasty in comparison to general medical patients at our institution from 2006 to 2011 with a PE diagnosis. Medical co-morbidities, sex, age, procedure, postoperative day, size, and location of PE using spiral computed tomography were recorded using a novel mapping scheme. Embolus size was defined based on blockage level in the pulmonary arterial tree. Of the 4,178 TJA patients reviewed, 51 were diagnosed with a PE. A total of 67% of TJA patients were women, yet women represented 90% (n = 46) of TJA PE patients (p 
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of internal anatomy using CBCT revealed a highly variable distribution of root canals. The most frequent morphology found in mandibular molars in a Chilean population was two roots and three canals. PMID: 31322722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Authors: Andrade VM, Fontenele RC, Souza AC, Almeida CA, Vieira AC, Groppo FC, Freitas DQ, Junior ED Abstract OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate formulas for age and sex estimation based on the pulp cavity volume of teeth using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: The sample was composed of 116 CBCT scans from Brazilian individuals of both sexes, ranging in age from 13 to 70 years. A total of 232 teeth (upper central incisors and canines) were evaluated. Two calibrated examiners determined pulp cavity volumes using the ITK-SNAP software. Pearson's correlation test was used to assess the correlation b...
Source: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Dentomaxillofac Radiol Source Type: research
As I age, the probability of acquiring yet another health condition seems to, unfortunately, increase. There’s always one test or another that is on my to-do list, be it bloodwork, X-ray, MRI, or maybe a CT scan thrown in for good measure. I comply usually with a sense that it is for the benefit of […]Find jobs at  Careers by KevinMD.com.  Search thousands of physician, PA, NP, and CRNA jobs now.  Learn more.
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Patient Patients Primary Care Source Type: blogs
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Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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