Barriers in determining prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus among postpartum GDM: The research and retraining needs of healthcare professionals

ConclusionsThere is neither concerted effort to diagnose GDM, nor systematic records of screening and postpartum follow-up. The gap in diabetology knowledge and practice calls for re-training of antenatal healthcare professionals. GDM screening checklist needs to be established and positive results entered into GDM registers for proper management during and after delivery.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Our results suggest that the IL-6 -174 G > C, -634 G > C and IL-18 -137 G > C polymorphisms may contribute to the susceptibility of RPL. The IL-18 -607 C > A polymorphism does not appear to influence the development of RPL. PMID: 31437073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research
Authors: Sert UY, Ozel S, Neselioglu S, Erel O, Engin Ustun Y Abstract Objective: The study aims to investigate maternal serum thiol/disulfide homeostasis and ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) levels of women who were submerged during labor. Material and methods: Sixty-four pregnant women were enrolled in this study. Thirty-four women were submerged during the first stage of labor and 30 women were not. Native thiol, total thiol, disulfide, albumin, IMA, disulfide/native thiol, disulfide/total thiol and native thiol/total thiol concentrations were measured and demographic data were obtained. Results: Cord blood pH, s...
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2019Source: Medical Mycology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Pattriya Chanyachailert, Charussri Leeyaphan, Sumanas Bunyaratavej, Piriyaporn ChongtrakoolAbstractDematiaceous fungi can cause subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis, an uncommon fungal infection of the dermis and subcutaneous tissues. Medicopsis romeroi is an emerging organism that can infect patients with subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis, especially immunocompromised patients. The present case involved subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Medicopsis romeroi in an 80-year-old Thai male with poorly controlled diabetes, for whom the le...
Source: Medical Mycology Case Reports - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 December 2019Source: Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 225Author(s): Ecaterina Stela Dragan, Maria Valentina DinuAbstractMacromolecular drugs, such as proteins and peptides, are lately readily available and used in the treatment of diseases including diabetes and cancer, as well as in therapies such as gene therapy, wound dressing, and tissue engineering. However, the bioavailability, the extent and the rate at which these drugs reach the target tissue are highly dependent on the carrier and on the route of administration. Among the multitude of biocompatible polymers used to design vehicles for macromolecu...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: Microvascular ResearchAuthor(s): Jing Gao, Maimaiti Ailifeire, Chenfei Wang, Li Luo, Jie Zhang, Li Yuan, Li Zhang, Xiaolan Li, Minzhe WangAbstractThe “metabolic memory”, a phenomenon that the target cell remembers the early hyperglycemia, has been reported to be a critical issue in diabetes pathogenesis. Here, we confirmed the inducible effects of high glucose (HG) and HG followed by normal glucose (HN) upon the proliferation and the tube formation capacity of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), as well as the suppressive effects of HG and HN...
Source: Microvascular Research - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular &Integrative PhysiologyAuthor(s): Derrick J.E. Groom, Nadia Bayram, Mary Shehata, L. Gerardo Herrera M., Kenneth C. WelchAbstractPhysiological adaptations that enhance flux through the sugar oxidation cascade permit hummingbirds to rapidly switch between burning lipids when fasted to burning ingested sugars when fed. Hummingbirds may be able to exert control over the timing and extent of use of ingested sugars by varying digestive rates when under pressure to accumulate energy stores or acquire energy in r...
Source: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to measure gene expression of various preadipocyte, proliferation, metabolic, and apoptotic markers in the stromal-vascular fraction and adipocytes from LWS and HWS adipose tissue. Although preadipocyte and proliferation markers were more highly expressed in the stromal-vascular fraction of LWS than HWS chicks, greater expression of granzyme-A and the presence of more annexin V-positive cells suggests that apoptosis may limit the adipogenic potential of adipocyte precursor cells and represent a novel mechanism that regulates the expansion of adipose tissue. Results provide insights on cellul...
Source: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo present current data on the coexistence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults and children and to discuss possible mechanisms.Recent FindingsEmerging data suggest that risk factors for obesity and insulin resistance such as diabetes during pregnancy and intrauterine growth failure may also have a role in the development of ADHD. Furthermore, ADHD and obesity share lifestyle factors, such as abnormal eating patterns, binge eating, and a sedentary lifestyle. ADHD is a risk factor for components of the metabolic syndrome...
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) on endothelial function, oxidative stress and clinical fitness in patients with type 1 diabetes. Thirty-six type 1 diabetic patients (mean age 23.5 ± 6 years) were randomized into 3 groups: HIIT, MCT, and a non-exercising group (CON). Exercise was performed in a stationary cycle ergometers during 40 min, 3 times/week, for 8 weeks at 50–85% maximal heart rate (HRmax) in HIIT and 50% HRmax in MCT. Endothelial function was measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) [endothelium-depende...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
This study demonstrated that the incidence of ischemic heart disease and death were three times higher among men with low birth weight compared to men with high birth weight (5). Epidemiological investigations of adults born at the time of the Dutch famine between 1944 and 1945 revealed an association between maternal starvation and a low infant birth weight with a high incidence of hypertension and coronary heart disease in these adults (23). Furthermore, Painter et al. reported the incidence of early onset coronary heart disease among persons conceived during the Dutch famine (24). In that regard, Barker's findin...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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