Correlates between Five ‐Factor Model traits and the Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines dimensions in an adolescent clinical sample

In this study, we examined associations between FFM traits and BPD characteristics in a group of clinical and non‐clinical a dolescents.MethodWe evaluated the correlations between the FFM personality traits, as measured by the NEO ‐Five‐Factor Inventory and BPD characteristics as measured by the DIB‐R in a sample of adolescents (N = 162).ResultsConsistent with previous research, BPD dimensions were highly associated with high neuroticism, low conscientiousness, low agreeableness and to a somewhat lesser extent with low extraversion. Specificity of associations between FFM traits and DIB ‐R section scores was limited, in part because of strong intercorrelations among DIB‐R scores.DiscussionThese results imply that evidence about trait –BPD associations in adult samples generalizes well to adolescents. Clinical implications of these findings are discussed.
Source: Personality and Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

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Authors: Wongpakaran N, Wongpakaran T, Kuntawong P Abstract The study aimed to development a short screening scale for borderline personality disorder (Short-Bord), and to validate its psychometric properties using Rasch analysis. Ninety-eight outpatients undergoing psychotherapy were evaluated using a semistructured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV Personality disorders. Correlational analysis and Rasch analysis were used to identify the best-fitted items for the shorter scale. Rasch analysis identified three underfitted items. The best five items were selected for the Short-Bord using two analyses, resulting in tw...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Treating severe emotional dysregulation and co-occurring substance misuse is challenging. Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is a comprehensive and evidence-based treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD). It has been hypothesised that the skills training, which is a facet of the full DBT programme, might be effective for people with severe emotional dysregulation and other co-occurring conditions, but who do not meet the criteria for BPD. However, there is limited research on standalone DBT skills training for people with substance misuse and emotional dysregulation. METHODS: ...
Source: Addiction Science and Clinical Practice - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addict Sci Clin Pract Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewPatients with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) are often suspected of malingering or exaggerating symptoms, though there is no clear evidence that they do so more than other patients. We review the manifestations, etiology, and management of seemingly feigned symptoms in these disorders, particularly related to their presentation in the emergency department (ED).Recent FindingsIt is dangerous to assume that all patients with ASPD and BPD are intentionally feigning symptoms in the ED. However, when ASPD patients are known to be malingering, the focus s...
Source: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study suggests specific organizational and individual factors may increase timely and efficient implementation of interventions for people with personality disorders. © 2019 John Wiley&Sons, Ltd.
Source: Personality and Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Our work provides important new insights about treatment prediction in a specific mental disorder of high clinical relevance that is borderline personality disorder, using random forest classification based on functional and structural MRI data as well as clinical and demographical data. Our findings now show proof of principle that random forest models can provide predictions of therapy response with good test characteristics (here up to 76.08% mean accuracy, 0.77 mean sensitivity, and 0.81 mean specificity) and underline the power of random forest classifications in general. AbstractIntroductionIndividualized treatment p...
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Abstract Homicide is the most serious and costly criminal offense and better forensic and criminological understanding of homicidal ideation as a potential psychobehavioral precursor to homicidal conduct is critical. Using data from the 2016 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) distributed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), we found 64,910 cases of homicidal ideation among a sample of 25.6 + million-a prevalence of 0.25%. Numerous conditions conferred increased substantially the likelihood of homicidal ideation includ...
Source: Journal of Forensic Sciences - Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Tags: J Forensic Sci Source Type: research
Although parent emotion socialization and child temperament are theorized to interact in the prediction of borderline personality disorder (BPD) features, few studies have directly examined these relationships. The present study examined whether parental e...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Borderline personality organization (BPO) is a key personality component of some but not all partner-violent men. The study described in this paper examines the psychometric properties of the borderline personality organization scale (BPO Scale; Oldham et ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news
There are established causal links both between parental mental health and the wellbeing of infants and children as they grow older (Stein et al, 2014; Goodman&Gotlib, 2002) and early parenting practice and subsequent child wellbeing (Green et al 2018).   Interventions designed to improve the mother-infant relationship may have benefits both for the mental health of the mother and development of the child (Cohen et al, 2002). Improving social connectedness can also alleviate psychological ill health (Saeri, A.K. 2018).  AnglicareSA's ACORN program is a 15 week group based program funded through the Hopwo...
Source: International Journal of Integrated Care - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
Abstract Although parent emotion socialization and child temperament are theorized to interact in the prediction of borderline personality disorder (BPD) features, few studies have directly examined these relationships. The present study examined whether parental emotion socialization interacted with behavioral ratings and physiological indicators of emotional vulnerability in the prediction of BPD features among preadolescent children. Participants were 125 children (10-12 years; 55% female) and their parents recruited from the community. Parents and children reported on children's BPD features and parents c...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research
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