Microscope-Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography-Guided Drainage of Acute Corneal Hydrops in Keratoconus Combined With Suturing and Gas-Aided Reattachment of Descemet Membrane
Conclusions: MI-OCT guided micropuncture of stromal edema combined with compression sutures and SF6 tamponade is a new therapeutic option in acute corneal hydrops with small Descemet membrane defects.
We read with great interest the article “Effect of keratoconus severity on clinical outcomes after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty” by Feizi and associates.1 The authors have brought out clarity on an essential aspect of keratoplasty in keratoconus, that is, the impact of clinical severity on the outcomes of deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). However, there are a few concerns that we would like to highlight.
ConclusionsBK was the first cause of keratoplasty with almost half of the cases, and keratoconus was relegated to sixth place with less than 5%. In comparison, in a study from eye banks from the US, BK was the second and keratoconus was the third indication for corneal grafts. The frequency of endothelial lamellar techniques in our institution decreased from 2012 to 2016. This could have been related to both the long time that the patients had to be on a waiting list, which made them unsuitable candidates for this technique, due to stromal fibrosis, and to the fact that surgeons of our institution had less experience with ...
Conclusions: Mini-DMEK could be helpful in patients with larger defects and detachments of DM in very ectatic corneas in the acute phase of corneal hydrops in acute keratoconus. These patients may not be successfully treated by intracameral gas application alone or in combination with pre-Descemetal sutures. Further investigations are needed to identify factors helping to decide on the best surgical approach in hydrops in acute keratoconus.
We describe a case series of four eyes of four keratoconus patients with extruded intracorneal ring segments (ICRS) in whom donor corneal tissue was used to substitute for the extruded ICRS in an attempt to preserve its effect. In all patients, the extruded intracorneal ring was removed through the exposed area. Donor corneal tissue (tailored to the size and shape of the ICRS) was inserted into the empty ICRS tunnel and fixed in place using 10-0 nylon sutures. At three months follow-up, all patients had a healed graft and displayed a stable Kmax, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and corneal topography comparable to the ...
Conclusions: Larger corneal HOAs, but not the presence of DM folds, were associated with poor visual acuity after DALK. In treating advanced keratoconus with DALK, it is important to minimize postoperative corneal HOAs, although DALK improves visual acuity by reducing HOAs due to keratoconus.
To investigate effects of Rose K2 XL semi-scleral contact lenses (Menicon Co.) on visual acuity and higher-order aberrations in eyes with irregular corneas. Methods: One hundred and twelve eyes of 84 patients fitted with Rose K2 XL lenses were analysed. Participants were in 4 clinical groups: keratoconus, intra-corneal ring segments, radial keratotomy, and penetrating keratoplasty. Corrected distance visual acuity and ocular aberrations were determined before lens wear and 60 min into lens wear.
CONCLUSION: The use of viscoelastic substance in the VB-DALK technique may induce modification of interface stromal reflectivity resulting in reduced visual acuity up to 3 months postoperatively. However, this initial negative effect on the interface quality does not affect the long-term visual outcome, with densitometric values and visual outcomes similar in the two groups from 6 months postoperatively. PMID: 31177187 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Purpose of review To review the efficacy of intrastromal corneal ring segments (ICRS) for keratoconus and with other interventions such as contacts lens, keratoplasty, and corneal collagen cross-linking. Recent findings Changes in ICRS thickness and size, combination of procedures, and the adaptation of a more sophisticated classification system have broadened our application of ICRS. Recent studies have shown the long-term efficacy of ICRS in visual acuity, keratometry, and astigmatism. Summary Studies have demonstrated the short-term and long-term efficacy of ICRS implantation in patients with keratoconus.
Purpose of review Bowman layer transplantation is a novel technique that may stabilize progressive ectatic corneal changes in eyes with keratoconus, which are too steep or too thin for ultraviolet corneal crosslinking or intracorneal ring segments. In this way, patients can maintain stable vision with contact lenses, and avoid or postpone more invasive corneal transplants, such as penetrating keratoplasty or deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty. This review aims to summarize the currently available literature on Bowman layer transplantation. Recent findings Bowman layer transplantation seems to be a promising, minimall...
Conclusions: Scleral lenses are effective for providing satisfactory visual acuity after corneal hydrops in keratoconus. A scleral lens trial is advised before listing patients for graft surgery.