Functional Outcomes in Cochleostomy and Round Window Insertion Technique: Difference or No Difference?

AbstractWith the introduction and rapid development of Cochlear Implants since the 1970s, there has been marked improvement in the speech recognition and spoken language skills of the implanted profoundly deaf children. The cochlear implant can be done by means of different techniques, traditionally by Cochleostomy method and round window membrane (RWM) insertion technique. Post operatively, the functional outcomes are measured by many scores more commonly by Categories of Auditory Performance (CAP) and Speech Intelligibility Rating (SIR) scores. To study the speech and hearing perception skills in pediatric cases of Congenital non syndromic bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss after Cochleostomy and Round Window Insertion technique of Cochlear Implantation. 31 patients clinically diagnosed as congenital non syndromic bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss who had undergone Cochlear implantation either by Cochleostomy or by RWM insertion technique and fulfilling the eligibility criteria were enrolled for study. Post operatively functional outcomes were assessed subjectively by measuring CAP and SIR scores. All the patients showed increase in their CAP and SIR scores post-operatively, measured at 03  months, 06 months and 01 year after Cochlear Implantation. The mean CAP and SIR scores in the two groups were comparable at 03 months, 06 months and 1 year after surgery. There was no significant difference in the speech and hearing pe...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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Conclusions: The early portion of the ERP waveform reflected primarily the general reduction in sensory encoding by CI users (largely due to CI processing itself), whereas altered emotional processing (by CI users) could be found in the later portion of the ERP and extended beyond the realm of speech.
Source: Ear and Hearing - Category: Audiology Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved MED-EL USA’s cochlear implant system for single-sided deafness and asymmetric hearing loss. This is the first time cochlear implants have been green-lighted for these indications in the United States. MED-EL Cochlear Implant Systems, including SYNCHRONY and the recently FDA-approved SYNCHRONY 2, are now approved for people 5 years and older with single-sided deafness who have profound sensorineural hearing loss in one ear and normal hearing or mild sensorineural hearing loss in the other ear. They’re also approved for people 5 years and older with asymmetr...
Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Press Releases - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Audiology News Slider Hearing Assistive Technology hearing loss hearing loss treatment Source Type: blogs
Source: International Journal of Audiology - Category: Audiology Authors: Source Type: research
We report a potential association between these two rare anomalies that, to our knowledge, has not been reported. Two brothers presented with sensorineural hearing loss and almost identical inner ear and hypothalamic abnormalities, consistent with a diagnosis of X-linked stapes gusher syndrome and hypothalamic hamartoma. Genetic testing revealed identical mutations in thePOU3F4 gene associated with X-linked stapes gusher syndrome. Furthermore, multiple vestibular diverticula were seen in both brothers, which have also not been reported with X-linked stapes gusher syndrome. This case suggests thatPOU3F4 mediated X-linked st...
Source: Pediatric Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Introduction: MEDNIK is a multisystem disorder characterized by Mental Retardation, Enteropathy, Deafness, Neuropathy, Ichthyosis and Keratoderma and is a result of a defect in copper metabolism. Few cases in the literature review MEDNIK syndrome, but it typically presents with biochemical signs of both Menkes and Wilson ’s disease. The clinical and histologic features of cutaneous manifestations of MEDNIK syndrome, the importance of copper metabolism in cutaneous function, and the implication of aberrant processing of copper in skin will be discussed.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Abstract Deaf epistemology made a crucial contribution to an understanding of a Deaf worldview, yet did not quite encompass the "D/deaf experience." It started the conversation but seemingly stalled. In an expansion on earlier studies of Deaf epistemology, the researchers considered the question "What does it mean to be D/deaf?" D/deaf participants submitted narratives that were analyzed for common themes via grounded theory research methodology. Six open codes were identified: school, cultural capital, deficit/The Struggle, difference/empowerment, accessibility/technology, hearing technology. ...
Source: American Annals of the Deaf - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Am Ann Deaf Source Type: research
Abstract Age-related hearing loss (ARHL) is one of the most common sensory impairments, and has a serious impact on the quality of life (QOL) of affected individuals. The QOL and coping strategies of elderly people in Poland experiencing subjectively assessed hearing problems (SAHP) were analyzed. The method made use of the World Health Organization Quality of Life scale (WHOQOL Group, 1998) and three questionnaires tailored for the present study: the Coping Strategies Inventory, ARHP Inventory, and Participant Chart (Domagała-Zyśk, 2017). A generally good QOL for elderly respondents with SAHP was found. However...
Source: American Annals of the Deaf - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Am Ann Deaf Source Type: research
Abstract A systematic review explored the evidence base of literacy intervention studies that examined the early years of schooling (preschool through first grade) of participants who were d/Deaf or hard of hearing (d/Dhh). Specific inclusion criteria were used to select single-case design (SCD) studies published in peer-reviewed journals between 2004 and 2017. Fourteen studies met the criteria. Studies were evaluated according to the quality indicators for evidence-based research, individually and across studies (Horner et al., 2005; Institute for Educational Sciences, 2017; Kratochwill et al., 2013). Five of the...
Source: American Annals of the Deaf - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Am Ann Deaf Source Type: research
Abstract Paul (2018a, 2018b) discussed the concept of critical thinking in a series of American Annals of the Deaf editorials examining how critical thinking might serve as a "springboard" to deep knowledge or wisdom and wondering if critical thinking should be viewed as a noble endeavor or hopeless cause. Paul explored three questions in which he considered (a) types of critical thinkers, (b) teaching and evaluating critical thinking, and (c) empathy's role in critical thinking. Responding to Paul, the author focuses on the same questions by summarizing Paul's view, then following with his own. He also ...
Source: American Annals of the Deaf - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Am Ann Deaf Source Type: research
PMID: 31422971 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Annals of the Deaf - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Am Ann Deaf Source Type: research
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