Gender-differential associations between attention deficit and hyperactivity symptoms and youth health risk behaviors

Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the common developmental disorders that generally receives clinical attention at learning ages, and some symptoms may persist in young adulthood.1 Past research has demonstrated a consistent association between ADHD and youth health risk behaviors (e.g., cigarette smoking), which often develop during adolescence and contribute to early morbidity and mortality among young adults.2 However, ADHD symptoms are not routinely screened in adolescents and emerging adults during their visits to healthcare providers.
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

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To solicit pilot effectiveness projects that apply a mechanism-based approach to the development and evaluation of deployment-focused preschool Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) interventions. Relevant interventions could consider the unique challenges associated with treating ADHD symptoms and impairments in children under the age of six Interventions may also focus on preventing or forestalling the emergence of co-occurring disorders or additional ADHD symptoms and impairments that predictably emerge later in development.
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: news
Condition:   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Intervention:   Procedure: Virtual reality task Sponsor:   University Hospital, Bordeaux Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 22 September 2020Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Lisiane de Santana Souza, Priscila Albuquerque de Siqueira, Arlete Fernandes, Robertta Silva Martins, Regina Célia Cussa Kubrusly, Roberto Paes de Carvalho, Rodrigo A. Cunha, Alexandre dos Santos-Rodrigues, Pablo Pandolfo
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
We examined the association between maternal hormonal contraception use before or during pregnancy and ADHD risk in children. This nationwide population-based cohort study included 1,056,846 children born in Denmark between 1998 and 2014. Prescriptions for hormonal contraceptives redeemed by the mother was categorized as: no use, previous use (>  3 months before pregnancy), and recent use (≤ 3 months before or during pregnancy). Children were followed for ADHD, from birth until 31 December 2015. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence interv...
Source: European Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Social interaction in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by qualitative impairments that highly impact quality of life. Bayesian theories in ASD frame an understanding of underlying mechanisms suggesting atypicalities in the evaluation of probabilistic links within the perceptual environment of the affected individual. To address these theories, the present study explores the applicability of an innovative Bayesian framework on social visual perception in ASD and demonstrates the use of gaze transitions between different parts of social scenes. We applied advanced analyses with Bayesian Hidden...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract The present study explores the correlation between electroencephalographic and neuroimaging asymmetry index from EEG-MRI functional connectome and EEG power analysis in inattention, motion, and mixed profile subgroups of ADHD. Sixty-two subjects from Healthy Brain Network Biobank of the Child Mind Institute dataset were selected basing on the quotient score. From both MRI and EEG asymmetry index, Pearson's correlation, ANOVA, and partial least square analysis were performed matching left and right brain parcels and channels. The asymmetry index significantly correlated across subjects between fMRI and pow...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
CONCLUSION AND SIGNIFICANCE: The study contributes to knowledge about suitable interventions for children with ADHD who have time-related difficulties. Occupational therapy interventions, including TADs and time-skills training, resulted in significantly improved occupational performance. PMID: 32955952 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research
(Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) Researchers have shown there may be key genetic differences in the causes of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) between African Americans and people of European ancestry, which may play an important part in how patients of different ethnic backgrounds respond to treatments for this condition.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
In this study, we tested the preliminary efficacy of MOM training in children with ADHD, by comparing its efficacy with an active control condition (Emotion Education Program, EEP). Twenty-five children with ADHD aged 7–11 years participated in MOM training (n = 15) or EEP (n = 10) 3 times per week for 8 weeks. Neuropsychological and academic measures and behavioral, emotional, and mindfulness ratings were collected before and after the two programs. On average, MOM training had positive effects on neuropsychological measures, as evidenced by a significant mean improvement in all outcome measures after training. ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsAHN 1-055 may be of clinical utility in the treatment of ADHD.
Source: Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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