P75 Improving Teacher Knowledge and Self-Efficacy to Promote Healthy Eating and Physical Activity in the Child Care Setting
Obesity prevention should begin in early childhood, when children are learning nutrition and physical activity behaviors. Early childhood education (ECE) teachers play a key role in obesity prevention. Teachers ’ ability to encourage healthy habits is related to their knowledge and self-efficacy related to obesity prevention strategies.
Background Cancer patients often have other noncancer medical conditions. Presence of comorbidities negatively affects cancer survival. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate comorbidity, risk factors for comorbidity, and how comorbidity was associated with symptoms and quality of life in patients being treated for breast cancer. Methods One hundred and one breast cancer chemotherapy outpatients completed this study. Comorbid conditions, weight, height, and smoking status were identified by chart review. Symptoms and quality of life were self-reported using psychometrically sound instruments. Log-linear...
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: Progress in Lipid ResearchAuthor(s): Zijian Fang, Susan Pyne, Nigel J. PyneAbstractThe increased adipose tissue mass of obese individuals enhances the risk of metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. During pathological expansion of adipose tissue, multiple molecular controls of lipid storage, adipocyte turn-over and endocrine secretion are perturbed and abnormal lipid metabolism results in a distinct lipid profile. There is a role for ceramides and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) in inducing adipose dysfunction. For instance, the alteration of ...
It comes as no surprise that youth in America engage in less physical activity now than they have in the past years. The newly released 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans recommend that children and adolescents engage in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity for 60 minutes daily and muscle- and bone-strengthening activity three days per week . In our prior work using a nationally representative sample, we demonstrated that physical activity declines with age such that most adolescents are not meeting these recommendations .
The rising rate of adolescent obesity in the U.S. is well established, and a large amount of evidence has accumulated that demonstrates the safety and efficacy of metabolic and bariatric surgery in this population [1,2]. Although weight management programs have emerged in many locations, these dietary, activity-based, and behavioral interventions are frequently more effective in the short-term than the long-term . In addition, adolescent bariatric surgery results in a greater reduction in both weight and body mass index (BMI) compared with lifestyle modifications alone [4,5].
ConclusionOverweight and obesity was higher in males as compared to females, those who were in the upper class and those who were older than 23 years.
ConclusionBeside the improvements in the laboratory variables, the individualized FATmax training can also benefit daily physical capacity of older people with type 2 diabetes.
Abstract Adipokines are peptide mediators produced by fat cells in adipose tissue that exert a powerful influence on many body systems, including the immune system. Leptin and adiponectin are among the best known of these molecules and have been shown to affect the functions of, for instance, dendritic cells, neutrophils, and innate lymphoid cells. Here we present the results of a new study that describes the effects of leptin and adiponectin on mast cells, a cell type which plays an important role in controlling inflammatory responses. This provides an improved understanding of how obesity may contribute to chron...