Comorbidities of early-onset temporal epilepsy: Cognitive, social, emotional, and morphologic dimensions.

Comorbidities of early-onset temporal epilepsy: Cognitive, social, emotional, and morphologic dimensions. Exp Neurol. 2019 Jul 03;:113005 Authors: Mikulecká A, Druga R, Stuchlík A, Mareš P, Kubová H Abstract Epilepsy, the most common neurologic disorder in childhood, is associated with a subset of psychiatric dysfunctions, including cognitive deficits, and alterations in emotionality (e.g., anxiety and depression) and social functioning. In the present study, we evaluated an integrative set of behavioral responses, including cognitive/socio-cognitive and emotional dimensions, using a number of behavioral paradigms in the LiCl/pilocarpine model of status epilepticus (SE) in rats. The aims of the study were to examine whether SE affects: 1) non-associative learning (habituation of exploratory behavior); 2) investigatory response to an indifferent stimulus object; 3) sociability/social novelty preference; 4) social recognition or discrimination; and 4) short- and long-term memory in the Morris water maze (MWM). Finally, we investigated the morphology of key brain structures involved in the examined behavioral dysfunctions. SE did not affect habituation to an open-field arena in juvenile (P25), adolescent (P32), or adult (P80) rats. SE rats spent less time in the central part of the arena. SE adolescent rats (P32) displayed a higher number of rearings with a shorter duration. SE rats displayed a markedly attenuated investigatory r...
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 13 August 2019Source: Progress in NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Pablo M. Casillas-Espinosa, Sandy R. Shultz, Emma L. Braine, Nigel C. Jones, Terrance P. Snutch, Kim L. Powell, Terence J. O’BrienAbstractWe evaluated whether pharmacologically targeting T-type Ca2+ channels with Z944, a potent and selective antagonist, has disease-modifying effects in a model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) that exhibits spontaneous recurrent seizures, and manifests behavioral and cognitive comorbidities commonly experienced by patients with this condition. Wistar rats underwent implantation of EEG electrodes...
Source: Progress in Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study provides an important stepping stone in the understanding of demographic and seizure factors, personality domains, abnormal illness behaviors, and psychiatric comorbidity in the South African population with PNES. The study also reported on a cutoff score of 12 on the BAI-PC predicting PNES with 80% sensitivity and 89% specificity in a private hospital sample.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides an important stepping stone in the understanding of demographic and seizure factors, personality domains, abnormal illness behaviors, and psychiatric comorbidity in the South African population with PNES. The study also reported on a cutoff score of 12 on the BAI-PC predicting PNES with 80% sensitivity and 89% specificity in a private hospital sample. PMID: 31382179 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
This study also confirms the importance of a comprehensive clinical assessment, including psychiatric symptoms evaluation before offering a new treatment, to improve therapy compliance.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study also confirms the importance of a comprehensive clinical assessment, including psychiatric symptoms evaluation before offering a new treatment, to improve therapy compliance. PMID: 31371205 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
This study explored the acceptability and feasibility of an MBCT intervention for this group. The data suggests that this intervention could be potentially useful in improving the mental health of this population, and includes suggestions for making the intervention culturally relevant.
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
 In this episode of Inside Schizophrenia, our hosts tackle the topic of early onset – or childhood – schizophrenia. Host Rachel Star discusses her personal experiences with schizophrenia symptoms as an adolescent and Dr. Joseph Gonzalez-Heydrich from Harvard Medical School discusses some of the latest research. Listen in now! About Our Guest Joseph Gonzalez-Heydrich, MD is Director of the Developmental Neuropsychiatry Clinic at Boston Children’s Hospital and an Associate Professor of Psychiatry at the Harvard Medical School. He did his undergraduate and medical school at Johns Hopkins, his residency t...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Disorders Inside Schizophrenia Psychiatry Source Type: blogs
Abstract Adenosine is a purine nucleoside, responsible for the regulation of a wide range of physiological and pathophysiological conditions by binding with four G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), namely A1, A2A, A2B and A3 adenosine receptors (ARs). In particular, A1 AR is ubiquitously present, mediating a variety of physiological processes throughout the body, thus represents a promising drug target for the management of various pathological conditions. Agonists of A1 AR are found to be useful for the treatment of atrial arrhythmia, angina, type-2 diabetes, glaucoma, neuropathic pain, epilepsy, depression and ...
Source: Epilepsy Curr - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 July 2019Source: SeizureAuthor(s): Siew-Tim Lai, Wan-Yen Tan, Monica Chen-Mun Wo, Kheng-Seang Lim, Sherrini Bazir Ahmad, Chong-Tin TanAbstractPurposeThe literature on caregiver burden tends to focus on children and teenagers with epilepsy and less on adults. As caregiving is a dynamic, complex process across the trajectories, this study aims to examine the factors associated with caregiving burden in those caring for adults with epilepsy.MethodThis is a cross-sectional, survey-based study in which participants responded to questionnairesregarding perceived burden (ZBI), quality of life ...
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract Pediatric epilepsy is associated with prominent comorbid psychiatric and cognitive disturbances. Neurobehavioral testing is employed to characterize the cognitive and emotional behavioral derangements that accompany seizures in age-tailored and clinically relevant immature rodent seizure models. In addition to dissecting the causes of the etiologically multifaceted psychiatric and cognitive comorbidities of the epilepsies, neurobehavioral panels are essential in investigating potential neuroprotective strategies, especially during neurodevelopment. Here we describe a battery of behavioral testing panels t...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
More News: Anxiety | Brain | Depression | Epilepsy | Learning | Neurology | Neuroscience | Psychiatry | Science | Study | Universities & Medical Training