Maternal Tobacco use during Pregnancy in South Africa: Results from a National Population ‑based Survey

Conclusions:Findings suggest links between sociodemographic and health variables and prenatal tobacco use, which may have public health policy implications.Keywords:Health status, mental health, pregnancy, South Africa, tobacco use
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Vaishali Kasture, Anvita Kale, Karuna Randhir, Deepali Sundrani, Sadhana JoshiAbstractAimDisturbed placentation results in pregnancy complications like preeclampsia. Placental development is influenced by apoptosis during trophoblast differentiation and proliferation. Increased oxidative stress upregulates placental apoptosis. We have earlier reported increased oxidative stress, lower omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E levels in women with preeclampsia. Current study examines effect of maternal omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E supplementatio...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: During 1983-2015, the proportion of twins born in Victoria by caesarean delivery increased almost threefold, mostly because caesarean delivery has become the preferred mode of birth for twin pregnancies. Regional differences in the delivery of twins suggest that the number of caesarean deliveries can be reduced with appropriate system and training support. PMID: 31713879 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
This article collects research of the last two decades regarding the influence of stress on the developing brain. Both, animal and human studies will shed light on the effect of pre- and postnatal stress demonstrating an influence of early life stressors reaching far into adulthood. A direct influence of stress on multiple developmental characteristics has been postulated and shown. The results of this review will underline the necessity of early life programs focusing stress reduction and resilience in children and their parents. Also, a need for programs targeting stress reduction in pregnancy will be demonstrated and em...
Source: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie - Category: Child Development Tags: Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr Source Type: research
Adolescents in Panama face multiple challenges to their sexual health, rights and well-being such as high rates of teenage pregnancy ( ∼30% of all pregnancies), increased HIV infections and sexual violence. In the absence of sufficient evidence-based data...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Low PD literacy among the PWs, misconception about aetiology and management among the NPs could be major barrier for delivery and utilisation of PD services. Thus, there is an urgent need to improve PD literacy among PWs and NPs. PMID: 31710947 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Obstetrics &GynaecologyAuthor(s): Cecilia Nalli, Jessica Galli, Maria Grazia Lazzaroni, Laura Andreoli, Elisa Fazzi, Angela TincaniAbstractAutoimmune diseases often affect young women and this may represent a problem in the family planning. Pregnancies in these patients may carry several complications but nowadays the continue amelioration in treatment and management have greatly improved the pregnancy outcome. The main concern of these women obviously are the short- and long-term outcome of their children. A child born from...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Authors: Nam SM, Seo JS, Nahm SS, Chang BJ Abstract In the present study, we investigated the effects of lead (Pb) and ascorbic acid co-administration on rat cerebellar development. Female rats were randomly divided into the following groups: control, Pb, and Pb plus ascorbic acid (PA) groups. From one week prior to mating, female rats were administered Pb (0.3% Pb acetate in drinking water) and ascorbic acid (100 mg/kg, oral intubation). The chemical administration was stopped on postnatal day 21 when the morphology of the offspring's cerebellum is similar to that of the adult brain. The blood Pb level was signifi...
Source: Journal of Toxicological Sciences - Category: Toxicology Tags: J Toxicol Sci Source Type: research
Bethany Davies, 26, from The Vale of Glamorgan in Wales, is now calling for group B strep screening to be offered to pregnant women. She nearly lost her daughter Elsie to the infection last May.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
According to a study presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference, vitamin B12 deficiency may be linked to obesity during pregnancy.MedicalXpress
Source: Society for Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news
[Nation] Kenya and the United Nations are hosting a global sexual and reproductive health forum amid opposition over abortion.
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Source Type: news
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