Epidemiological, Risk Factors, Clinical, and Laboratory Features of Brucellosis in the Southwest of Iran within 2009 –2015

Background:Brucellosis is a serious disease affecting many individuals in the world and in Iran. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological and clinical features of patients diagnosed with brucellosis in Kohgilouyeh and Boyerahmad province, southwest of Iran.Methods:This retrospective descriptive ‑analytic study included all individuals diagnosed with brucellosis during 2009–2015. The clinical and epidemiological information were gathered from recorded data available in the health center of Kohgilouyeh and Boyerahmad province, the southwest of Iran.Results:The total number of patients diagnosed with brucellosis during the study period was 658, of whom, 339 (51.5%) were males. A total of 541 (82.2%) patients resided in rural and tribal areas, and the others lived in urban regions. The mean age of diagnosis was 39.59 ± 17.28 years and the most prevalent age groups were 31–50 (277, 42.1%) and 11–30 (178, 27.1%)‑year olds. The most affected groups were housekeeper women (229, 34.8%) and ranchers (152, 23.1%). Therelationship between jobs and disease was signifcant (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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Conclusion Dexamethasone appears to be a promising agent in reduction of post-operative sequelae in third molar surgery. As a potent anti-inflammatory agent it has an effective role in pain, trismus and edema reduction distinguish from the routes of administration, dosage and timing, pre or post-operative prescription. PMID: 31416411 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The results suggest that intralesional PPD and topical cantharidin .7% are effective and safe treatment modalities, but benefits of intralesional PPD is being a simple, effective and safe treatment with tolerable pain and can be an alternative treatment for multiple resistant types. PMID: 31418621 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Dermatological Treatment - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Dermatolog Treat Source Type: research
Authors: Esmaeilnejad-Ganji SM, Esmaeilnejad-Ganji SMR Abstract Brucellosis is a common global zoonotic disease, which is responsible for a range of clinical manifestations. Fever, sweating and musculoskeletal pains are observed in most patients. The most frequent complication of brucellosis is osteoarticular involvement, with 10% to 85% of patients affected. The sacroiliac (up to 80%) and spinal joints (up to 54%) are the most common affected sites. Spondylitis and spondylodiscitis are the most frequent complications of brucellar spinal involvement. Peripheral arthritis, osteomyelitis, discitis, bursitis and tenos...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research
ConclusionThe patient had no history of tuberculosis, rheumatic disease, joint trauma, or infectious disease. Despite extensive evaluation, the etiology of the rice bodies could not be identified, and no underlying pathology was found.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionSeptic arthritis of costovertebral joints should be considered when a patient presents with back pain, fever and elevated inflammatory markers. The diagnosis of septic arthritis of costovertebral joints remain a challenge to clinicians. CT is important to confirm a diagnosis and guide costovertebral biopsy and culture. Early and appropriate antibiotic therapy is important for a required outcome.
Source: The Egyptian Rheumatologist - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Abstract Background/Aims: Brucellosis patients present various non-specific clinical symptoms, such as fever, fatigue, sweating, joint pain, arthritis, myalgia, and headache. Based on the nonspecifity of its clinical signs and symtoms, we decided to evaluate whether mean platelet volume (MPV) , neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) will contribute to the diagnosis. Methods: In this retrospective study, we reviewed hospital-records of 60 children with a confirmed diagnosis of brucellosis in Kayseri between January 2013 and January 2016, and compared the hematological para...
Source: The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Korean J Intern Med Source Type: research
Abstract The purpose of this study was to review the data on the etiology, risk factors, clinical presentations, and diagnosis of acute sacroiliitis. A Pubmed search utilizing the indexing term “acute sacroiliitis” was conducted and the data pertinent to the aim of the review was extracted and organized in accordance with the preplanned structure of the manuscript. The diagnosis of acute sacroiliitis is often challenging because of both the relative rarity of this presentation and diverse character of acute sacroiliac pain, frequently mimicking other, more prevalent disorders. Technetium bone scintigra...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
ConclusionsBrucellosis remains a serious public health problem in Turkey. The clinical and laboratory characteristics of childhood brucellosis were provided in order to assist clinicians in diagnosing and monitoring of the disease.
Source: Pediatrics International - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
By Dyer, Alexandra; Berg, Kenneth MD; King, Andrew MD Rat bite fever (RBF) is a fairly rare illness caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus. It can be a devastating and even fatal illness if left undiagnosed or untreated. Despite its name, RBF is not only transmitted by rat bites but also by contact with rat feces, ingestion of rat-contaminated food and water, or simply through direct contact with rats. (Clin Microbiol Rev 2007;20[1]:13; Vet Microbiol 2009;133[3]:211; BMJ Case Rep 2009; Epub Dec 17.) The first documented outbreak in Haverhill, MA, in 1926 was believed to be caused by a pathogen named Ha...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
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