Chemoprevention of Breast Cancer With Vitamins and Micronutrients: A Concise Review

Numerous dietary components and vitamins have been found to inhibit the molecular events and signalling pathways associated with various stages of breast cancer development. To identify the vitamins and dietary micronutrients that exert protective effects against breast cancer and define their mechanism of action, we performed a literature review of in vitro, animal and epidemiological studies and selected the in vitro and animal studies with robust molecular evidence and the epidemiological studies reporting statistically significant inverse associations for a breast cancer-specific protective effect. There is sufficient evidence from in vitro, animal and epidemiological human studies that certain vitamins, such as vitamin D3, folate, vitamin B6, and beta carotene as well as dietary micronutrients, such as curcumin, piperine, sulforaphane, indole-3-carbinol, quercetin, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), display an antitumoral activity against breast cancer and have the potential to offer a natural strategy for breast cancer chemoprevention and reduce the risk of breast cancer recurrence. Therefore, a supplement that contains these micronutrients, using the safest form and dosage should be investigated in future breast cancer chemoprevention studies and as part of standard breast cancer therapy.
Source: In Vivo - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Reviews Source Type: research

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Authors: Medlock S, Wyatt JC Abstract The rising use of the Internet and information technology has made computerized interventions an attractive channel for providing advice and support for behaviour change. Health behaviour and behaviour change theories are a family of theories which aim to explain the mechanisms by which human behaviours change and use that knowledge to promote change. Among the best-known of these theories are the Social Learning and Social Cognitive theories, the Health Belief Model, the Theory of Reasoned Action and its successors the Theory of Planned Behaviour and the Reasoned Action Approa...
Source: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics - Category: Information Technology Tags: Stud Health Technol Inform Source Type: research
Cancer cells abuse signals used elsewhere in normal mammalian biochemistry to prevent immune cells from destroying other cells, such as CD47. Interfering in these "don't eat me" signals has produced significant gains in the development of effective cancer therapies that can target multiple types of cancer. Here, researchers describe a newly discovered "don't eat me" signal, CD24, that should allow this class of cancer therapy to be expanded to target cancers that have proved resilient to existing implementations. This and related lines of work that lead to more general anti-cancer platforms are one of t...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
In this study, polyethylene glycol (PEG) conjugated melanin nanoparticles (MNPs) were prepared (PEG-MNPs). A model chemotherapy drug, doxorubicin (DOX), was loaded into the PEG-MNPs with varied concentrations (0.125, 0.250, 0.500 mg/mL). TEM images showed that, DOX-PEG-MNPs are spherical-shaped and 15±2.2 nm in diameter. FTIR spectroscopy analysis demonstrated that MNPs were successfully modified with PEG. The UV-Vis spectroscopy results showed that the drug loading capacity of MNPs was 0.7 mg/ml of DOX in 2 mg/ml of PEG-MNPs. The time course data showed that, the release behavior of DOX from MNPs was primarily diff...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results provide evidence for the H19-mediated regulation of trastuzumab resistance in HER2-positive breast cancer cells. H19 could act as a potential predictive biomarker for HER2-positive breast cancer patients, and downregulation of H19 could reverse trastuzumab resistance and enhance the inhibitory function of this drug.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: MiR-638 represses the characteristics and behaviors of BCSCs by targeting E2F2. MiR-638 may be a potential target for breast cancer therapy. PMID: 31410735 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Breast Cancer Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Konstantina Karamanou, Marco Franchi, Demitrios Vynios, Stéphane BrézillonAbstractA great hallmark of breast cancer is the absence or presence of estrogen receptors ERα and ERβ, with a dominant role in cell proliferation, differentiation and cancer progression. Both receptors are related with Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) since there is a relation between ERs and extracellular matrix (ECM) macromolecules expression, and therefore, cell-cell and cell-ECM interactions. The endocrine resistance of...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study was designed to investigate the effect of EGCG on SCUBE2 methylation in breast cancer cells. We reveal that EGCG possesses a significantly inhibitory effect on cell viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner and presents more effects than other catechins. EGCG treatment resulted in enhancement of the SCUBE2 gene, along with elevated E-cadherin and decreased vimentin expression, leading to significant suppression of cell migration and invasion. The inhibitory effect of EGCG on SCUBE2 knock-down cells was remarkably alleviated. Further study demonstrated that EGCG significantly decreased the SCUBE2 methylation...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, we identified 2-deoxyglucose (2 DG) as an important glycolysis suppressor that can potentiate sonodynamic therapy (SDT) to inhibit migration and invasion.
Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research
ConclusionThe CSL-based G-S27LN efficiently co-delivered anti-microRNA27a and SRF and therefore represents a promising therapy to treat liver cancer. This study also brings forth a platform strategy for the effective treatment of number of other advanced cancers.
Source: Pharmaceutical Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Molecular PharmaceuticsDOI: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.9b00493
Source: Molecular Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: research
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