Evidence for a cardiac metabolic switch in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma

AbstractAimsOur aim was to investigate the glucose uptake in cancer patients suffering from different entities, using18F ‐FDG positron emission tomography–computed tomography scans. We further aimed at identifying potential variables altering cardiac and skeletal muscle glucose metabolism.Methods and resultsIn a retrospective cohort study, we analysed cardiac and skeletal muscle18F ‐FDG uptake in onco‐positron emission tomography–computed tomography scans in adult patients suffering from Hodgkin's lymphoma, non‐Hodgkin's lymphoma, and non‐lymphatic cancer including patients suffering from thyroid cancer, bronchial carcinoma, and malignant melanoma. Univariate logisti c regression models were created for increased cardiac and skeletal muscle18F ‐FDG uptake using cancer entity, sex, age, previous radiation, previous chemotherapy, diabetes, obesity, serum glucose levels, renal function, and thyroid function as parameters. Multivariate models were created by selecting variables according to Akaike's information criterion in a step‐down ap proach. Between 2014 and 2018, a total of 337 consecutive patients suffering from Hodgkin's lymphoma (n = 52), non‐Hodgkin's lymphoma (n = 57), and non‐lymphatic cancer (n = 228) were included in the analysis. Univariate logistic regression models showed high serum glucose levels to be associated with lower absorption rates in both cardiac and skeletal muscle (odds ratio [OR] 0.38 [0.23...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 2 April 2020Source: The Journal of Molecular DiagnosticsAuthor(s): Stefan Schmidt, Annett Linge, Marianne Großer, Fabian Lohaus, Volker Gudziol, Alexander Nowak, Ingeborg Tinhofer, Volker Budach, Ali Sak, Martin Stuschke, Panagiotis Balermpas, Claus Rödel, Henning Schäfer, Anca-Ligia Grosu, Amir Abdollahi, Jürgen Debus, Ute Ganswindt, Claus Belka, Steffi Pigorsch, Stephanie E. Combs
Source: The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Authors: Peng Y, Wei Q, He Y, Xie Q, Liang Y, Zhang L, Xia Y, Li Y, Chen W, Zhao J, Chai J Abstract Introduction: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive tumor type which results in poor prognosis. ALBI and Child-Pugh score have been widely applied for predicting prognosis in patients with liver diseases. We conducted a systematic review to compare the prognostic ability of ALBI versus Child-Pugh in HCC patients.Areas covered: PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library were explored. The data were extracted from every study. Studies investigating HCC patients and comparing the predicting ability between ALBI and C...
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
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Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
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Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Abstinence from alcohol following AC/AH diagnosis was achieved in 39% of patients. Abstinence was not related to increased survival for alcoholic liver disease patients at one-year, which might partly indicate that this might be a marker that some patients were 'too sick to drink'. AC and AH patients who survived one year and remained abstinent had a favorable long-term prognosis. PMID: 32233877 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Møller S, Kimer N, Barløse M, Bendtsen F Abstract Detailed knowledge and understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms and changes in hepatic and splanchnic function leading to the development of haemodynamic changes and portal hypertension in patients with cirrhosis are essential since it guides the search for targets to ameliorate liver-related abnormalities. Recent research has focused on the gut-liver axis, changes in intestinal permeability, translocation of bacterial products, and inflammation as important drivers of haemodynamic alterations and thereby targets for treatment. Addit...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Freitas M, Arieira C, Carvalho PB, Rosa B, Moreira MJ, Cotter J Abstract Background: Capsule endoscopy is a widely recognized method to study the small bowel, including in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The Lewis score (LS) is a valuable tool in this setting, able to assess inflammatory activity. TOP100, a new software tool of the RAPID Reader®, emerged to assist in the time-consuming capsule reading process, by automatically selecting 100 images that will most likely contain abnormalities.Aim: Evaluate the agreement between TOP100 and classic reading (CR) in determining LS in the setting of CD.Me...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
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Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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Source: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology : KJO - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Korean J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
Abstract Advances in medical devices have allowed the use of CT, MRI, and PET-CT for the diagnosis of tumors and the detailed evaluation of the extent of lesions. For several decades, CT has been established as the gold standard modality for the treatment planning of radiotherapy, while MRI has emerged as a tool to evaluate the functional characteristics of tumors without radiation exposure. To further optimize precision radiation therapy, we should consider how functional images can be used in the workflow for radiation therapy. In this regard, MRI, as a modality without the need for a contrast agent, may allow m...
Source: Igaku Butsuri: Japanese Journal of Medical Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Igaku Butsuri Source Type: research
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