Influence of resistance training and herbal supplementation on plasma apelin and metabolic syndrome risk factors in postmenopausal women

ConclusionThese results suggest that circuit resistance training augments plasma apelin and decreases both insulin and blood glucose. However, Zataria multiflora has no independent effect on apelin but does decrease blood glucose which is likely to be to some extent synergistic with training effects.RésuméObjectifLa ménopause est une situation physiologique qui affecte toutes les femmes autour de la cinquantaine. Le but de cette étude était d’évaluer les effets d’un entraînement en résistance de type « circuit training » avec supplémentation orale en Zataria multiflora (Avishan-e-Shirazi) sur l’apeline plasmatique, le glucose, l’insuline, la sensibilité à l’insuline et la résistance à l’insuline.MéthodologieQuatre-vingt quatre femmes postménopausées bénévoles ont été réparties en 8 groupes. L’entraînement en circuit training comprenait 12 séances sur 8 semaines. Des échantillons sanguins ont été prélevés avant et après intervention.RésultatsLe circuit training augmente l’apeline et diminue à la fois l’insuline et la glycémie, alors que Zataria multiflora n’a pas d’effet indépendant sur l’apeline, mais diminue la glycémie et est semble sy...
Source: Science and Sports - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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Authors: Liu Q, Liu S, Chen L, Zhao Z, Du S, Dong Q, Xin Y, Xuan S Abstract Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most prevalent chronic liver disease in the world, is affected by numerous extrinsic and intrinsic factors, including lifestyle, environment, diet, genetic susceptibility, metabolic syndrome and gut microbiota. Accumulating evidence has proven that gut dysbiosis is significantly associated with the development and progression of NAFLD, and several highly variable species in gut microbiota have been identified. The gut microbiota contributes to NAFLD by abnormal regulation of the liver-gut axis,...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results provide evidence supporting the use of azilsartan for the long-term protection against vascular dysfunctions in MetS. Azilsartan did not improve the dysfunction of PVAT-mediated modulation of vascular tone during MetS. The protective effect of azilsartan is mediated by restoring the endothelium- and vascular smooth muscle-mediated mechanisms.
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract Obesity in childhood is the main determinant of whole body reduced insulin sensitivity. This association has been demonstrated in multiple adult and pediatric cohorts. The mechanistic link explaining this association is the pattern of lipid partitioning in the face of excess calories and energy surplus. A tight relation exists between typical lipid deposition patterns, specifically within the skeletal muscle and liver, as well as he intra-abdominal compartment and whole body insulin sensitivity. The impact of lipid deposition within insulin responsive tissues such as the liver and skeletal muscle relates to the a...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Abstract Fetal growth restriction (FGR) diagnosis is often made by fetal biometric ultrasound measurements orDoppler evaluation, but most babies are only diagnosed after birth, using the birth weight as a proxy for intrauterine development. The higher risks of neurodevelopmental delay, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular illness associated with FGR impose a shift on the focus during pregnancy. New methodological approaches, like metabolomics, can provide novel biomarkers for intrauterine fetal development. Recent evidence on metabolites involved with fetal growth and weight show a consistent role played by lipids (espec...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetricia - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Conditions:   Metabolic Syndrome;   Pre-Diabetes Interventions:   Behavioral: Time Restricted Feeding + Standard of Care;   Behavioral: Standard of Care Sponsors:   University of California, San Diego;   National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK);   Salk Institute for Biological Studies Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 14 August 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): M.Ajanth Praveen, K.R.Karthika Parvathy, P. Balasubramanian, R. JayabalanAbstractBackgroundNutritional well-being is the prerequisite condition for a sustainable improvement in human welfare. Human gut microbiota plays a magnificent role in balancing the condition of metabolic syndrome management. Currently, the gut microbiome mediated immune system is gaining attention for the treatment of several health ailments such as diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders, and malnourishment. Bioactive compounds from marine polysacc...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
(Natural News) Natural News is dedicated to bringing people the latest about health, science, disease prevention, and many more. For years, the site has shared fresh articles about helpful foods and home remedies – all-natural means by which people can manage the symptoms of chronic diseases, including cancer and the components of the metabolic syndrome....
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Purpose Continuous and interval are the two types of aerobic exercise training commonly used for health promotion. We sought to determine which aerobic exercise training program results in larger health improvements in metabolic syndrome (MetS) individuals. Methods One hundred twenty-one MetS patients (age, 57 ± 8 yr; weight, 92 ± 15 kg; and MetS factors, 3.8 ± 0.8 components) with low initial cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) (V˙O2peak, 24.0 ± 5.5 mL·kg−1·min−1) were randomized to undergo one of the following 16-wk exercise program: (a) 4 × 4-min high-intensi...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
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