The effect of hemodialysis on ocular changes in patients with the end-stage renal disease.

Conclusion: Hemodialysis can affect various ocular parameters including SFCT, RAC and RVC, which changed significantly following hemodialysis. Whereas BCVA, IOP and CMT did not change after hemodialysis in ESRD patients. The systemic compensatory mechanisms of the changes in SBP, DBP, body weight following hemodialysis need further study. PMID: 31269848 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research

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Authors: Khan MY, Pandit S, Jayagopal PB, Oomman A, Chockalingam KC, Ramakrishnan A, Mane A, Mehta S, Shah S Abstract Background: Real-world data on the effectiveness of antihypertensive drugs (AHDs) in India is limited. The present study aims to provide updated evidence regarding the effectiveness of olmesartan as monotherapy or in combination with other AHDs in Indian patients with essential hypertension. Methods: Electronic medical record data of adult patients who were diagnosed with essential hypertension (≥140/90 mmHg) and were prescribed olmesartan as mono- or add-on therapy were retrospectively analy...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
This study included 250 subjects with NAFLD and 500 non-NAFLD controls. Clinical, anthropological and biochemical data were collected. Subjects with body mass index (BMI)>= 25 kg/m2 were taken as obese and subjects with BMI
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients with lower CD4 counts had significantly higher dysglycemia and IR. Serum testosterone levels were progressively lower (insignificant) with decreasing CD4 counts. PMID: 32738840 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusion: Gastrointestinal side effects being most common side effect of metformin can lead to discontinuation of therapy. So before extensive evaluation of any GI problem in patient on metformin, other methods can be tried like temporary discontinuation, dose titration or proper intake of medicine. These side effects may also occur even after prolonged treatment with metformin. PMID: 32738838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusions: The results demonstrate that IV and oral levonadifloxacin therapy has excellent clinical activity against MRSA and offers advantage compared to other quinolones which generally lack MRSA coverage. Levonadifloxacin is safe and well tolerated in the treatment of ABSSSI caused by Gram -positive pathogens including MRSA as well as non-inferior to IV and oral linezolid, respectively. Similar pharmacokinetic profile of IV and oral levonadifloxacin provides an option for IV to oral switch for the treatment of subjects. Both oral and IV levonadifloxacin have recently been granted approval in India for the treatment of...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Gupta R, Pamecha H Abstract Objective: To find the serum hsCRP (high sensitive C reactive protein) levels in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients and compare its level between type 2 DM patients and healthy control subjects. To find the relationship of hsCRP levels in type 2 DM with and without vascular complications. To find the correlation of hsCRP with HbA1c and duration of type 2 DM among cases and to find the optimum cut-off value for hsCRP among type 2 DM patients. Methods: The study was conducted on type 2 DM patients with or without microvascular or macrovascular complications and nondiabetic...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Singh S, Lohakare AC Abstract Objective: Leptin levels are increased in obesity and have been found to be strongly associated with obesity, increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and morbidity. While, carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is measured to predict atherosclerosis in early phase. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the leptin levels and CIMT in overweight and obese individuals. Methods: This cross-sectional study involving 95 subjects, was performed over a period of 1 year in the Department of Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow. Anthropometric measurements...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cardiology, Family Medicine, Psychiatry, Research, News, Source Type: news
Authors: Yagoglu AI, Dizdar OS, Erdem S, Akcakaya B, Gunal AI Abstract BACKGROUND: Linagliptin does not require dose adjustment in diabetes mellitus patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). But, renal effects of linagliptin are not clear. Our aim was to examine the effect of linagliptin on renal disease progression in only insulin dependent type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with CKD. METHODS: Stage 3-4 CKD patients were randomized into 2 groups in this prospective randomized controlled study. In the first group, linagliptin 5mg was added in addition to the background insulin therapy. In the second group...
Source: Nefrologia : publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Nefrologia Source Type: research
Already marketed as a medical food, the formulation which replaces gut bacteria that are deficient in type 2 diabetes appears to lower postprandial blood glucose levels and A1c.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Diabetes Headlines - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
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