Autoinducer-2 of Fusobacterium nucleatum promotes macrophage M1 polarization via TNFSF9/IL-1 β signaling.

Autoinducer-2 of Fusobacterium nucleatum promotes macrophage M1 polarization via TNFSF9/IL-1β signaling. Int Immunopharmacol. 2019 Jul 01;74:105724 Authors: Wu J, Li K, Peng W, Li H, Li Q, Wang X, Peng Y, Tang X, Fu X Abstract The effect of Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) autoinducer-2 (AI-2) on the polarization of macrophages and the underlying mechanism is not known. We investigated the effect of F. nucleatum AI-2 on the migration and polarization of cultured macrophages. We further screened AI-2-interacting proteins in macrophages using a quantitative proteomics strategy, and evaluated the expression of TNFSF9/TRAF1/p-AKT/IL-1β signaling in cultured macrophages and human colorectal cancer (CRC). The data showed that F. nucleatum AI-2 enhanced the mobility and M1 polarization of macrophages, possibly through TNFSF9/TRAF1/p-AKT/IL-1β signaling. Moreover, TNFSF9 and IL-1β expression was significantly increased in human CRCs when compared to normal colon (P 
Source: International Immunopharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Hernández-Luna MA, López-Briones S, Luria-Pérez R Abstract Worldwide, neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract have a very high incidence and mortality. Among these, colorectal cancer, which includes colon and rectum malignancies, representing both highest incidence and mortality. While gallbladder cancer, another neoplasm associated to gastrointestinal tract occurs less frequently. Genetic factors, inflammation and nutrition are important risk factors associated with colorectal cancer development. Likewise, pathogenic microorganisms inducing intestinal dysbiosis have become an importan...
Source: Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract Gut microbiota and their metabolites play a vital role in colon health and disease. Accumulating evidence suggests that the gut microbiota contributes to the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the role of a specific microbial community together with their metabolites contributing to the risk, initiation and progression of CRC is still unknown. Hence, we used a Bayesian Networks in combination with the IDA (Intervention calculus when the DAG is absent) to generate a graphical model that allows causal relationships to be inferred from observational data. Results from the analysis of publically availa...
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study showed a compositional alteration in the mucosa-associated microbiota in the tumour, which may contribute to the progression of colorectal cancer.
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize the epidemiological evidence on the association between infection with Fusobacterium nucleatum in the colon and colorectal cancer.MethodsThis systematic review will include observational studies (cohort, case-control, cross-sectional) in humans in which the role of Fusobacterium nucleatum in the etiology of colorectal cancer was investigated. MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews will be searched using a comprehensive search strategy and manual screening of references. Two reviewers will independently identify eligible studies a...
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Cosmeri Rizzato1, Javier Torres2, Elena Kasamatsu3, Margarita Camorlinga-Ponce2, Maria Mercedes Bravo4, Federico Canzian5 and Ikuko Kato6* 1Department of Translation Research and of New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy 2Unidad de Investigación en Enfermedades Infecciosas, Unidades Médicas de Alta Especialidad Pediatría, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexico City, Mexico 3Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud, National University of Asunción, Asunción, Paraguay 4Grupo de Investigación en Biología del C&aacut...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, we identified 37 genus-level core bacteria from feces of 101 healthy mice with different ages, sexes, and mouse strains in three previous studies. They collectively represented nearly half of the total sequences, and predominantly included carbohydrate- and amino acids-metabolizing bacteria and immunomodulatory bacteria. Among them, Anaerostipes indwelt the gut of all healthy mice. Co-abundance analysis showed that these core genera were clustered into five groups (Group C1–C5), which were ecologically related. For example, the abundances of Group C2 including probiotics Bifidobacterium and Lactobacill...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, we identified the differentially abundant gut microbes between CRC and healthy samples using the Ratio Approach for Identifying Differential Abundance (RAIDA) algorithm (Sohn et al., 2015). The algorithm fitted the distribution of observed data with a modified zero-inflated lognormal (ZIL) model and estimated the statistical significance of abundance difference by the T-test. Furthermore, we used the GRAMMy algorithm (Xia et al., 2011) to estimate and analyze the relative abundance of gut microbes and diversity of the microbial communities. Finally, we constructed and analyzed a microbial association network...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Na Li, Shimeng Huang, Lili Jiang, Zhaolai Dai, Tiantian Li, Dandan Han and Junjun Wang* State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China Microbial exposure during early life plays a pivotal role in modulating the health and intestinal development of the host. Our recent study showed that the low-birth-weight (LBW) piglets harbored a different fecal microbiota compared to normal-birth-weight (NBW) piglets during early life with a lower abundance of the genus Lactobacillus. Considering the spatial variations in gut microbiota at distin...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion Human microbiome is normal flora for humans, which has been proved to be of symbiotic relationship with humans and harmless to humans. If the microbes that breed in the human body become “unhealthy,” it will definitely affect the host's physical condition. People are continuing to explore the pathologic relationship between microorganisms and the human body through high-throughput sequencing technologies and analysis systems. However, it is a pity that their pathogenesis cannot be fully understood as yet. Considering that relying only on conventional experimental methods is time-consuming an...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Authors: Kim K, Castro EJT, Shim H, Advincula JVG, Kim YW Abstract For many years, developmental and physiological differences have been known to exist between anatomic segments of the colorectum. Because of different outcomes, prognoses, and clinical responses to chemotherapy, the distinction between right colon cancer (RCC) and left colon cancer (LCC) has gained attention. Furthermore, variations in the molecular features and gut microbiota between right and LCCs have recently been a hot research topic. CpG island methylator phenotype-high, microsatellite instability-high colorectal cancers are more likely to occ...
Source: Annals of Coloproctology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Coloproctol Source Type: research
More News: Allergy & Immunology | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Colon Cancer | Colorectal Cancer | Fusobacterium | Immunotherapy