Computer-aided diagnosis of pneumonia in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

CONCLUSIONS: A simple, cost-effective method has been proposed to aid decision-making in areas with no radiological facilities available and in resource-constrained settings, and could have a great diagnostic impact on telemedicine applications. PMID: 23396513 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: J Am Med Inform Assoc Source Type: research

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ConclusionsOur study analyzed the relationship of frailty and postoperative complications in patients with long bone fractures. Patients had increased likelihood of morbidity, independent of other comorbidities and demographic factors. The mFI may have a role as a simple, easy to use risk assessment tool in cases of orthopedic trauma.
Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
What is a coronavirus? Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that cause diseases in mammals, including humans, and birds. Why are they called coronaviruses? The name derives from the fact that the viral capsule has a “halo” or “crown” surrounding it. What do coronaviruses do? In humans, the virus infects the airways giving rise to flu-like symptoms, a runny nose, cough, sore throat and fever, these are usually mild, but in rare cases can be lethal. Is there a vaccine against coronaviruses? No. Are there any drugs to block or treat infection? No. When were coronaviruses first discovered? In the 1960s ...
Source: David Bradley Sciencebase - Songs, Snaps, Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Sciencebase Source Type: blogs
Authors: Lai G, Guo N, Jiang Y, Lai J, Li Y, Lai R Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the duration of one-lung ventilation (OLV) affects postoperative pulmonary complications after McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data stored in a database for esophageal cancer was carried out to identify predictors of postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing McKeown esophagectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 2010 and 2012. RESULTS: Patients in the OLV ⩾150 minutes group had a higher incidence of postoperative pulmonary complication...
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Discussion and conclusion: Our results demonstrated that sildenafil decreased pathological changes in alveoli, bronchioles, interstitial tissue, and arterioles of rats with COPD and PH. PMID: 31967915 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pharmaceutical Biology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Pharm Biol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Patients with comorbidities such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obesity, diabetes, and alcoholism are a high-risk group for VAP. Particular attention should be paid to patients admitted to the ICU with multi-organ trauma, fractures, and hemorrhage/hemorrhagic shock as patients predisposed to VAP. There is a need for further research into risk factors for non-modifiable VAP such as comorbidities and reasons for ICU admission in order to allow closer monitoring of these patients for VAP.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewThe aim of this work is to contribute to the knowledge of the epidemiology of pneumocystosis orPneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) in Venezuela, by an updated review of the information currently available.Recent FindingsThe PCP epidemiology in Venezuela is not formally known. There is no national surveillance program for mycosis, and systemic mycoses are not mandatory notification diseases. Efforts made to record the disease in our country have not been sufficient; therefore, there is a sub-registry. All the information carried out prevents comparisons with other reports due to the variation...
Source: Current Fungal Infection Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
sti A Abstract RATIONALE: Treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) is controversial because it can reduce the risk of future exacerbations of the disease at the expense of increasing the risk of pneumonia. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between the presence of chronic bacterial infection (CBI), reduced number of circulating eosinophils, ICS treatment and the risk of pneumonia in COPD patients. METHODS AND MEASUREMENTS: Post-hoc long-term observational study of an historical cohort of 201 COPD patients (GOLD II-IV) who were carefully characterized...
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Current evidence for COPD management with dual long-acting muscarinic antagonist/long-acting β2-agonist bronchodilators. Postgrad Med. 2020 Jan 03;:1-8 Authors: Skolnik NS, Nguyen TS, Shrestha A, Ray R, Corbridge TC, Brunton SA Abstract Long-acting inhaled bronchodilator medications are recommended as initial maintenance therapy for many patients with COPD. These medications include long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMA) and long-acting β2-agonists (LABA). Combinations of long-acting bronchodilator agents (LAMA/LABA) and inhaled corticosteroids combined with LABA (ICS/LABA) are also used a...
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at risk of exacerbations and pneumonia; how the risk factors interact is unclear.
Source: Respiratory Research - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
ConclusionThe use of ICS by the patients with CAP admitted to the hospital is not independently related with any radiological pattern, hospitalization duration and mortality. ICS usage may diminish fever response and may suppress the findings of crackles and/or bronchial sounds. This needs further confirmation.
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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