Minimally invasive colorectal cancer procedures in patients with obesity: an interdisciplinary approach

Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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Abstract Nephronophthisis (NPHP) is an autosomal recessive cystic kidney disease that is characterized by primary ciliary dysfunction (ciliopathy) and progresses to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) during the second decade of life (juvenile and adolescent NPHP) or before the age of 3 years (infantile NPHP). Here we describe the case of an infant with NPHP who carries a homozygous mutation in SDCCAG8 (also called NPHP10 or BBS16) that encodes SDCCAG8 (serologically defined colon cancer antigen 8). SDCCAG8 is localized at the centrioles of both renal epithelial cells and retinal photoreceptor cells. A mutation in SDC...
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
Recurrence and metastasis are the primary causes of mortality in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), and therefore effective tools to reduce morbidity and mortality of CRC patients are necessary. LOX-1, the ox-LDL receptor, is strongly involved in inflammation, obesity, and atherosclerosis, and several studies have assessed its role in the carcinogenesis process linking ROS, metabolic disorders and cancer. We have already demonstrated in vitro that LOX-1 expression correlates to the aggressiveness of human colon cancer and its downregulation weakens the tumoral phenotype, indicating its potential function as a biomarker...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Li X, Liu M, Ji JY Abstract Multiple large-scale epidemiological studies have identified obesity as an important risk factor for a variety of human cancers, particularly cancers of the uterus, gallbladder, kidney, liver, colon, and ovary, but there is much uncertainty regarding how obesity increases the cancer risks. Given that obesity has been consistently identified as a major risk factor for uterine tumors, the most common malignancies of the female reproductive system, we use uterine tumors as a pathological context to survey the relevant literature and propose a novel hypothesis: chronic downregulatio...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Nutritional status is an important factor affecting a patient's clinical outcomes. Early identification of patients who are at risk of malnutrition is important to improve clinical outcomes and reduce health cost. The Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) has been recommended as part of the routine nursing assessment for all patients at hospital admission. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between nutritional status (MUST), systemic inflammatory response (SIR), body composition, and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
AbstractArchaea, which form one of four domains of life alongside Eukarya, Bacteria, and giant viruses, have long been neglected as components of the human microbiota and potential opportunistic infectious pathogens. In this review, we focus on methanogenic Archaea, which rely on hydrogen for their metabolism and growth. On one hand, methanogenic Archaea in the gut are functional associates of the fermentative digestion of dietary fibers, favoring the production of beneficial short-chain fatty acids and likely contributing to the weaning reaction during the neonatal window of opportunity. On the other hand, methanogenic Ar...
Source: Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Gastric cancer incidence and death half as likely over 22 years after short-term H. pylori treatment Related items fromOnMedica Antivirals cut liver cancer risk after hepatitis C Statins might not cut colorectal cancer risk after all Antibiotics, H2RAs and PPIs linked to child obesity Long-term use of PPIs linked to doubling in stomach cancer risk Taking aspirin with a PPI reduces risk of oesophageal cancer
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
DiscussionPatients reoperated for wound dehiscence face a significantly higher postoperative mortality than those without. Risk factors include male gender, age>  70 years, obesity, history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and history of generalised inflammatory disease. Patients at high risk for developing wound dehiscence may, if identified preoperatively, benefit from active prevention measures implemented in routine surgical practice.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 September 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): David de Paulo Farias, Fábio Fernandes de Araújo, Iramaia Angélica Neri-Numa, Glaucia Maria PastoreAbstractBackgroundCurrently, there is a growing interest in the identification of new molecules that promote health and exhibit potential for technological applications. Prebiotics are functional ingredients naturally occurring in some plant and animal foods that have received considerable attention from the pharmaceutical and food industries due to their positive health effects. With an increasing ...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
ConclusionsVery low energy diets result in a clinically significant reduction in mesorectal fat with a lesser change in total pelvic fat, suggesting that very low energy diets may be useful for preparation for pelvic surgery in the obese. The distance from S1 to the posterior rectum correlates well with mesorectal reduction, making this a valuable clinical tool when volumetric analysis is not possible.  This analysis is limited to the quantification of the effect of the diet and cannot comment on the safety of this approach before pelvic cancer surgery.
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionThe increase in high-BMI-related CRC mortality suggests scarce attention to overweight in the current prevention strategies and highlights its priority in future prevention strategies for CRC.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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