Nationwide Survey for Application of ROME IV Criteria and Clinical Practice for Functional Constipation in Children.

This study aimed to investigate the awareness and application of ROME IV criteria for functional constipation (FC) in real-world practices and assessed differences between pediatric gastroenterologists (PGs) and general pediatricians. METHODS: A total of 239 (47.8%) out of 500 nationwide pediatricians answered a questionnaire for diagnosis and management of pediatric FC; 60 were PGs (75% of total PGs in Korea). RESULTS: A total of 16.6% of pediatricians were aware of the exact ROME IV criteria. Perianal examination and digital rectal examination were practiced less, with a higher tendency among PGs (P 6 months (63.8%) than
Source: J Korean Med Sci - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

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A 40-year-old woman with Graves disease presented with abdominal pain and constipation. Thyroid-stimulating hormone was undetectable and physical examination revealed a tender midline abdominal mass. Three months earlier she was evaluated for 3 to 4 months of amenorrhea, and a urine human chorionic gonadotropin test was negative for pregnancy. What would you do next?
Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractContextRosa damascena Mill. is prescribed for the management of chest and abdominal pain, constipation, digestive disorders, menstrual bleeding and liver ailments.ObjectiveThe current review compiles up to date and complete information of whole plant ofR.  damascena with particular emphasis on its numerous scientifically proved pharmacological effects, traditional and folk medicinal uses.Key findingThe data on the pharmacological effects ofR.  damascena were collected from various databases such as PubMed, Wiley Online Library, Elsevier and Web of Science using the keywords like phytoconstituents, pharmac...
Source: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
The purpose of this study was to describe the outcomes of colonic resection for constipation in children. Three different types of resection are compared: pan-proctocolectomy with ileoanal pouch anastomosis (IPAA), total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis (IR), and segmental resections and anastomosis (SR).
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, linagliptin produced sustained reductions in HbA1c and had a safety profile consistent with the established safety profile of linagliptin.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01650259).
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Kurniawan AH, Suwandi BH, Kholili U Abstract Diabetic gastroenteropathy is a common complication in prolonged diabetic patients, particularly patients with poor glycemic control or other complications, including all form of diabetic complication on the gastrointestinal tract, which prompts various symptoms of heartburn, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, even constipation, diarrhea, and fecal incontinence. The underlying pathophysiology of this complication manifestations are different on each organ or symptom, but may include autonomic nervous system neuropathy, loss of Interstitial Cell of Cajal as gastri...
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur systematic review assessed the evidence for the effects of inulin supplementation on the human gut microbiome. However, these in vivo studies did not confirm in vitro experiments as the taxonomic alterations were not associated with increase in short-chain fatty acids levels.
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
(Natural News) Anyone who’s ever suffered from constipation knows that the condition is uncomfortable and sometimes painful. But the topic is rarely discussed in casual conversation because it’s considered gross or embarrassing. There are many ways to treat the condition, but one unusual remedy calls for cayenne pepper, cinnamon, and a whole orange. Will you eat orange peels to relieve constipation? Constipation...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conditions:   Anismus;   Distal Constipation Interventions:   Device: Anal EndoFLIP®;   Diagnostic Test: Anal Manometry;   Diagnostic Test: Defecography;   Diagnostic Test: Electromyogram Sponsor:   University Hospital, Rouen Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Rebound headaches, also known as medication overuse headaches, are caused by the frequent or excessive use of pain-relieving and/or antimigraine drugs to treat headache attacks that are already in progress. (Note that these are not the same as oral prophylactic or preventive medicines, which should be taken daily.) In other words, the same medications that initially relieve headache pain can themselves trigger subsequent headaches if they are used too often. Medication overuse headaches can be disabling, forcing people with this condition to take sick leave and to be less productive at work and home. To be diagnosed with m...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Drugs and Supplements Headache Health Source Type: blogs
Sherry B, a healthy and active 61-year-old woman, came to my office several months ago. She had noted an unusually fast heart rate during exercise, and felt lightheaded when standing in line at the grocery store or after finishing her five-mile run. She carried a water bottle with her and drank from it throughout our meeting. “I don’t understand!” she said, “I’m always thirsty, even though I drink water constantly.” Most of her symptoms had started the previous year when she decided to “clean up” her lifestyle, began to exercise more regularly, and stopped eating out. She add...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Healthy Eating Heart Health Hypertension and Stroke Source Type: blogs
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