The & beta;-galactoside & alpha;2,6-sialyltranferase 1 (ST6GAL1) inhibits the colorectal cancer metastasis by stabilizing intercellular adhesion molecule-1 via sialylation

Source: Cancer Management and Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Management and Research Source Type: research

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Authors: Buka D, Dvořák J, Richter I, Škrobánek P, Buchler T, Melichar B Abstract There is a growing corpus of evidence indicating that anti-VEGF therapy may normalize the abnormal tumor vasculature with the potential to re-program the tumor immune microenvironment to a more immunosupportive profile. Tumor vessel normalization increases tumor perfusion, and, consequently, oxygen and nutrient supply, and thus can be assumed to improve the general response to anticancer immunotherapy. The increased antitumor immunity responses seen following anti-VEGF therapy may also be associated with the inhi...
Source: Acta Medica: Hradec Kralove - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Aisha K. Lofters, Alexander Kopp, Mandana Vahabi, Richard H. GlazierAbstractPopulations that are more than just slightly overdue for breast, cervical and colorectal screening should likely be targeted for policy and practice interventions. We used provincial-level administrative data to describe the Ontario population who are screen-eligible for breast, cervical and colorectal cancers but overdue by at least five years. For each cancer screening type, we created three cohorts and a binary outcome: screened at least once in the previous f...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Journal of Visceral SurgeryAuthor(s): B. Menahem, A. Alves, J.M. Regimbeau, C. SabbaghSummaryNearly 5% of colorectal cancers are related to constitutional genetic abnormalities. In Lynch Syndrome (LS), the abnormality is a mutation of the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair system. The goal of this update is to update indications and surgical strategies for patients with LS. Different spectra of disease are associated with LS. The narrow spectrum includes cancers with a high relative risk: colorectal cancer (CRC), endometrial cancer, urinary tract cancers and small in...
Source: Journal of Visceral Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
miR‑378a‑3p inhibits cellular proliferation and migration in glioblastoma multiforme by targeting tetraspanin 17. Oncol Rep. 2019 Aug 20;: Authors: Guo XB, Zhang XC, Chen P, Ma LM, Shen ZQ Abstract Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive brain tumor and patients with this disease tend to have poor clinical outcome. MicroRNAs (miRs) are important regulators of a number of key pathways implicated in tumor pathogenesis. Recently, the expression of miR‑378 was shown to be dysregulated in several different types of cancer, including gastric cancer, colorectal cancer and oral ca...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Efficient primary culture model of patient‑derived tumor cells from colorectal cancer using a Rho‑associated protein kinase inhibitor and feeder cells. Oncol Rep. 2019 Aug 20;: Authors: Hong HK, Pyo DH, Kim TW, Yun NH, Lee YS, Song SJ, Lee WY, Cho YB Abstract In vitro culture of patient‑derived tumor cells offers many advantages in the development of novel therapies for colorectal cancer. Although various culture systems have been developed, the long‑term expansion of patient‑derived tumor cells remains challenging. The present results suggested that tumor cells isolated from colorectal ...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
In this study, gene expression profiles were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database and an integrated analysis with the aim of detecting hub long non‑coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and their regulated, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) during treatment with oxaliplatin (OxPt) or irinotecan was conducted. A total of seven differentially expressed lncRNAs were correlated with OxPt resistance and 21 were correlated with resistance to SN‑38, the active metabolite of irinotecan. Gene Ontology annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis confirmed that drug resistance was strong...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
ConclusionsTaking into consideration the central role of inflammation in the pathophysiology of CRC and the recognised connection between inflammatory events and cancer, these results enlighten the relevance of the phenolic constituents of pennyroyal as important pharmacological sources in the investigation of new treatment options for patients with inflammatory bowel diseases.Graphical abstract
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Journal of Geriatric OncologyAuthor(s): Guillaume Beinse, Delphine Reitter, Lauriane Segaux, Muriel Carvahlo-Verlinde, Benoit Rousseau, Christophe Tournigand, Tristan Cudennec, Marie Laurent, Pascaline Boudou-Rouquette, Elena Paillaud, Florence Canouï-Poitrine, Philippe Caillet, for the ELCAPA Study GroupAbstractBackgroundBecause of comorbidities and polypharmacy, older patients with cancer have a greater risk of iatrogenic events. We aimed to characterize potential drug-drug interactions (PDIs) and the risk of unplanned hospitalization in older patients with ca...
Source: Journal of Geriatric Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Rectal Cancer;   Colorectal Cancer;   Colon Cancer;   Colo-rectal Cancer;   Sarcopenia;   Sarcopenic Obesity;   Advanced Cancer;   Recurrent Rectal Cancer Intervention:   Device: Microstim 2v2 Stimulator Sponsor:   London North West Healthcare NHS Trust Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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