Congo-Kinshasa: Hunger, Measles, Cholera, and Conflict - Ebola Not the Only Killer

[The New Humanitarian] Goma/the Democratic Republic of Congo -As the Democratic Republic of Congo grapples with the second deadliest Ebola outbreak in history, aid groups say a host of other emergencies - from renewed conflict and mass displacement to health epidemics like measles and cholera - are being neglected despite mounting humanitarian needs.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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Background: Many individuals failing first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa never initiate second-line ART or do so after significant delay. For people on ART with a viral load more than 1000 copies/ml, the WHO recommends a second viral load measurement 3 months after the first viral load and enhanced adherence support. Switch to a second-line regimen is contingent upon a persistently elevated viral load more than 1000 copies/ml. Delayed second-line switch places patients at increased risk for opportunistic infections and mortality. Methods: To assess the potential benefits of a simplified secon...
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND SOCIAL Source Type: research
(Joule Inc.) Strong political support and strong public health systems are necessary to combat measles outbreaks, which are growing in frequency around the world, argue public health experts in a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 13 July 2019Source: Small Ruminant ResearchAuthor(s): C. Jiménez, A. Benito, J.L. Arnal, A. Ortín, M. Gómez, A. López, S. Villanueva-Saz, D. LacastaAbstractOvine anaplasmosis is caused by the obligate intraerythrocytic bacteria Anaplasma ovis and the disease is characterized by anaemia, weight loss and weakness. A severe outbreak of ovine anaplasmosis was diagnosed for the first time in Spain in 2014 and, subsequently, a research was developed in order to increase de knowledge of this not-well-known disease.An experimental infection with Anaplasma ovis was carr...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Prompted by the statements of anti-tobacco groups throughout the country claiming that vaping causes popcorn lung, a new organization was launched this past Thursday to confront this new and alarming epidemic among young people. The organization is called the American Popcorn Lung Association (APLA) and it has aTwitter feed (@LungPopcorn)." Popcorn lung " is a serious, progressive lung disease that is technically known as bronchiolitis obliterans. The disease results in obstruction of the smallest airways in the lung. The disease is irreversible and can be fatal. A lung transplant is the only definitive treatment...
Source: The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary - Category: Addiction Source Type: blogs
PMID: 31296143 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Journal of School Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: J Sch Nurs Source Type: research
GIDEON what’s new summary: July 13 to July 14, 2019 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (9 updates) 9 DiseasesMap The post Update: July 14, 2019 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: What's New Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2019Source: Food ControlAuthor(s): Haiqiang Wang, Elliot T. RyserAbstractDiced tomatoes have been linked to outbreaks of salmonellosis in the United States. Compared to slicing, commercial production of diced tomatoes is more complex and includes mechanical dicing as well as washing, dewatering, conveying, and packing. Consequently, this study aimed to 1) quantify Salmonella transfer during pilot-scale dicing of tomatoes, 2) assess the efficacy of three sanitizer treatments against Salmonella during flume tank washing, and 3) assess the efficacy of four sanitizers against Salmonel...
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Lipsitch M, Santillana M Abstract Catastrophic epidemics, if they occur, will very likely start from localized and far smaller (non-catastrophic) outbreaks that grow into much greater threats. One key bulwark against this outcome is the ability of governments and the health sector more generally to make informed decisions about control measures based on accurate understanding of the current and future extent of the outbreak. Situation reporting is the activity of periodically summarizing the state of the outbreak in a (usually) public way. We delineate key classes of decisions whose quality depends on high...
Source: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Curr Top Microbiol Immunol Source Type: research
Dr Tom Makin, from Cheshire, is a microbiologist who has spent nearly 30 years studying outbreaks. He warns summer time is the peak period for legionnaire's infection risk.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
We present a spatial stochastic model of disease dynamics that incorporates a spatial transmission kernel in a modified Gillespie algorithm, and use it to evaluate two hypothesized drivers of endemicity: asymptomatic carriers and the movement of mobile herds. The model is parameterized using data from the pastoral systems in the Far North Region of Cameroon. Our computational study provides evidence in support of the hypothesis that asymptomatic carriers, but not mobile herds, are a driver of endemicity.Graphical abstract
Source: Epidemics - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
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