Consequences of Metabolic Disruption in Alzheimer ’s Disease Pathology
AbstractAlzheimer ’s disease (AD) is an irreversible, progressive disease that slowly destroys cognitive function, such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning, to a level that one cannot carry out a daily living. As people live longer, the risk of developing AD has increased to 1 in 10 among people who are older t han 65 and to almost 1 in 2 among those who are older than 85 according to a 2019 Alzheimer’s Association report. As a most common cause of dementia, AD accounts for 60–80% of all dementia cases. AD is characterized by amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, composed of extracellular aggreg ates of amyloid-β peptides and intracellular aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau, respectively. Besides plaques and tangles, AD pathology includes synaptic dysfunction including loss of synapses, inflammation, brain atrophy, and brain hypometabolism, all of which contribute to progressive cogniti ve decline. Recent genetic studies of sporadic cases of AD have identified a score of risk factors, as reported by Hollingworth et al. (Nat Genet 43:429–435,2001) and Lambert et al. (Nat Genet 45:1452 –1458,2013). Of all these genes, apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) still presents the biggest risk factor for sporadic cases of AD, as stated in Saunders et al. (Neurology 43:1467 –1472,1993): depending on whether you have 1 or 2 copies of APOE4 allele, the risk increases from 3- to 12-fold, respectively, in line with Genin et al. (Mol Psychiatry 16:...
CONCLUSION: Remote ischemic preconditioning did not modify irisin or troponin I expression, independent of the time of collection. PMID: 31799981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: In this group of peritoneal dialysis patients, cystatin C did not correlate with the metabolic or inflammatory status, nor cardiovascular disease, after adjustment for residual renal function. PMID: 31799980 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In conclusion, this study suggests promoting initiatives for reducing absenteeism, identifying those factors that would facilitate it, and having a contingency plan prepared in the event of an influenza pandemic. PMID: 31800943 [PubMed - in process]
This article considers the relevance of non-representational theory to understanding the lived experience of diabetes. While non-representational theory has gained traction in the social sciences, especially Human Geography, its usefulness in extending understanding of experiences of health and illness is often restricted to an idea of wellbeing that assumes an able and healthy body. This article draws on qualitative research on the everyday experiences of living with diabetes, to consider how non-representational theory can be applied to understanding the everyday experience of ill bodies. The analysis moves through ideas...
Conclusions: The lamellar dissection technique has a similar rate of ECL compared with the peeling technique for DMEK graft preparation. This technique also has a low rate of graft preparation failure and may be a useful technique for diabetic donor tissue.
Conclusion: The evidence from the present study suggests that T allele of CD33 rs3865444 polymorphism is associated with LOAD in the studied Iranian population. PMID: 31799158 [PubMed]
ConclusionThe lack of conclusive evidence on polyphenol effectiveness in the management of cardio-metabolic risk factors does not allow to recommend their use as supplements to reduce T2D and CVD risk. However, the daily consumption of naturally polyphenol-rich foods and beverages might be advised according to the current nutritional dietary recommendation.
The Germantown company said its new app can sense a person's glucose levels.
Up until the first half of the twentieth century, large-scale health disasters were mostly due to natural causes (earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, etc.) or infections (e.g., smallpox, influenza epidemics, cholera). But something peculiar happened as we entered the second half of the century: Health disasters due to natural causes became dwarfed by large-scale health disasters that are man-made. Here’s a list of the Six Worst U.S. Health Disasters of the Last 50 Years, mostly man-made phenomena that have exacted huge tolls: widespread disease, premature death, poorly managed (though nonetheless highly profitable fo...