Podcast: Home use of devices for cleaning between the teeth (in addition to toothbrushing) to prevent and control gum diseases and tooth decay

Many people use toothbrushes to remove the plaque that builds up on the surface of teeth, but what about getting to the plaque between the teeth? Should we be using dental floss or interdental brushes to help? The relevantCochrane Review was published in April 2019 and we asked the lead author, Helen Worthington from Cochrane Oral Health at the University of Manchester in England to let us know the answer." To keep our mouths and teeth in good health depends a lot on removing the dental plaque that builds up every day and, as Monaz said, most people use toothbrushes to do this. But toothbrushes can ’t reach in-between teeth, which is where periodontal (or gum) diseases start and develop, and that’s where dental floss and interdental brushes might help. We’ve examined whether using these interdental aids helps prevent or reduce gum disease, plaque and tooth decay, and have found some, alb eit low quality, evidence that they do.There were quite a lot of studies. We identified 35 randomised trials, with nearly 4000 adult patients, and these found no severe adverse events caused by the devices. Floss was tested most. Its use alongside toothbrushing was compared to toothbrushing alone in 15 trials, to interdental brushes in 9 trials, and to oral irrigators in 5 trials. Floss was also compared to interdental brushes and cleaning sticks, which were made of wood or rubber or elastomer. These devices were also compared with toothbrushing alone and another compar...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

Related Links:

Authors: Zhao N, Xiang Q, Liu Z, Zhao X, Cui Y Abstract INTRODUCTION: There remains an unmet need for better anticoagulants. The phase I clinical trial is of great significance in the development of anticoagulants, and the design is special. This system review aims to provide insights for the design of future phase I clinical trials of anticoagulants. AREAS COVERED: We searched the database PubMed and ClinicalTrail.gov website, to collate the phase I clinical trial of anticoagulants in healthy people. The study protocol, inclusion exclusion criteria, safety and pharmacodynamic indexes were reviewed. EXPERT ...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Fentie K, Wakayo T, Gizaw G Abstract Background: Anemia defined as a low blood hemoglobin concentration is public health importance. The adolescence age group is the most neglected in public health and nutrition research as priorities are usually given to pregnant women, lactating mothers, and their children less than 2 years. Current Ethiopian Food and Nutrition policy included adolescent girls in the most at-risk group for nutritional demands; however, only a few published studies have assessed a deficiency of anemia and associated factors to tackle the intergenerational cycle of malnutrition. Object...
Source: Anemia - Category: Hematology Tags: Anemia Source Type: research
[This Day] Asaba -- Delta State Government has launched the HIV Self-Testing Programme with a vow to scale up all response measures for arresting the relatively high HIV prevalence rate in the state, which places Delta as being among the highest in the country.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Authors: Gao Y, Xin L, Zhang YT, Guo XR, Meng QQ, Li ZS, Liao Z Abstract Background/Aims: Single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE) has been widely used in diagnosing small bowel disease. We conducted this study to systematically appraise its technical and clinical performance. Methods: Studies on SBE published by September 2018 were systematically searched. Technical and clinical performance data were collected and analyzed with descriptive or meta-analysis methods. Results: In total, 54 articles incorporating 4,592 patients (6,036 procedures) were included. Regarding technical parameters, the pooled insertion dept...
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): Diba Demir, Reinier Smeets, Geert W.H. Schurink, Barend M.E. Mees
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Study Design. Retrospective review of a database cohort. Objective. To compare short-term outcome measures and complications between single-level posterolateral fusion (PLF), single-level posterior interbody fusion (PLIF/TLIF), and combined single-level PLF+PLIF/TLIF. Summary of Background Data. Both PLF and interbody fusion are well-established procedures for degenerative spinal disease. However, there is lack of consensus as to the ideal surgical approach for specific applications. Additionally, the difference in risk of complications with traditional PLF, interbody fusion with posterior approach, and circumferen...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
AbstractAbstractCancer patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have significantly greater mortality compared with non-cancer patients. This risk is partly directly attributable to the malignancy; however these patients are frequently undertreated with respect to guideline recommended treatments for ACS due to higher bleeding risks from anemia and thrombocytopenia. Due to exclusion from large clinical trials, there is a paucity of data regarding how to best treat these complex and high-risk patients.Purpose of ReviewTo review the literature and identify risk factors among cancer patients associated with poor outcomes, p...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewLow molecular weight heparin (LMWH) has been the standard of care for patients with cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT) for over 10  years; however, its adoption has been limited. The appearance of direct acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) revolutionized the treatment of non-cancer venous thromboembolism (VTE) through their attractive fixed dose regimens; however, a lack of dedicated trial experience had relegated their positio n to off-label use in patients with cancer. The goal of this review is to review the evidence that has been generated over the last 3 years for factor Xa inhibitors...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
The combination was also well tolerated, the investigators note.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: HIV/AIDS News Source Type: news
Authors: Yu L, Li P, Yang S, Guo P, Zhang X, Liu N, Wang J, Zhang W Abstract Aim: Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer among women. Because guidelines on screening for breast cancer for certain ages are controversial, many experts advocate the use of shared decision making (SDM) using validated decision aids (DAs). Recent studies have concluded that DAs are beneficial; however, the results have great heterogeneity. Therefore, further studies are needed to improve understanding of these tools. Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the impact of using web-based DAs in women ag...
Source: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Comp Eff Res Source Type: research
More News: Bleeding | Gingivitis | HIV AIDS | Information Technology | Podcasts | Study | Tooth Decay