An outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa urinary tract infections following outpatient flexible cystoscopy

Publication date: Available online 2 July 2019Source: American Journal of Infection ControlAuthor(s): Elodie Sorbets, Marine Evrevin, Estelle Jumas-Bilak, Agnès Masnou, Anne Lotthé, Rodolphe Thuret, Pascale Chaize, Frederic Peyremorte, Sara Romano-Bertrand, Sylvie ParerThe investigation of an outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa urinary tract infections after ambulatory cystoscopies identified a damaged cystoscope contaminated by P aeruginosa and acting as a relay object. This outbreak urges us not to trivialize urinary tract infections occurring after an elective cystoscopy. Patients should be advised to signal the occurrence of urologic symptoms after urologic exploration.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Abstract Nosocomial infections have become alarming with the increase of multidrug-resistant bacterial strains of Acinetobacter baumannii. Being the causative agent in ~80% of the cases, these pathogenic gram-negative species could be deadly for hospitalized patients, especially in intensive care units utilizing ventilators, urinary catheters, and nasogastric tubes. Primarily infecting an immuno-compromised system, they are resistant to most antibiotics and are the root cause of various types of opportunistic infections including but not limited to septicemia, endocarditis, meningitis, pneumonia, skin, and wound s...
Source: Genomics Proteomics ... - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Front Cell Infect Microbiol Source Type: research
Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kp) is a common cause of urinary tract infection (UTI). In recent years, numerous centers worldwide have witnessed outbreaks of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae infections, including Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) infections, making their adequate control and treatment a global priority.1 These infections are difficult to treat since they are usually resistant to all first-line drugs, which may explain the high mortality of these infections and the need for combination therapy in high-risk patients.
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Nosocomial infections have become alarming with the increase of multidrug resistant bacterial strains of Acinetobacter baumannii. Being the causative agent in approximately 80% of the cases, these pathogenic gram-negative species could be deadly for hospitalized patients, especially in intensive care units utilizing ventilators, urinary catheters and nasogastric tubes. Primarily infecting an immuno-compromised system, they are resistant to most antibiotics and are the root cause of various types of opportunistic infections including but not limited to septicemia, endocarditis, meningitis, pneumonia, skin and wound sepsis a...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion This study revealed that Enterococcus species with biofilm potentials and extracellular virulence properties extensively occur in retail RTE shrimps. A significant number of isolated strains are resistant to antibiotics and harbor resistant and virulent genes, denoting a significant route of resistance and virulence dissemination to bacteria in humans. There is an inadequate understanding of the intricacies of antibiotic-resistant enterococci of food origin that belong to enterococci aside from E. faecium and E. faecalis. Findings from this study reveal detailed antibiotic resistance of E. durans, E. casselifla...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion In this study, a self-transmissible IncN2 plasmid bearing blaNDM was detected in ST405 E. coli, which is a globally disseminated lineage. We highlight the dissemination potential of IncN2 plasmids harboring blaNDM. The presence of blaNDM mediated by plasmids in the high-risk clone ST405 E. coli linked with multiple virulence genes and resistance genes is increasing, which may create health concerns. Author Contributions YJ and ZL designed the experiments. YH analyzed the data and wrote the manuscript. CS and XG prepared the table and figures. YB carried out the bacteria identification. Funding The study was...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion In conclusion, F. keratoplasticum and F. petroliphilum were the most frequent species in this study. Amphotericin B showed lower MICs against Fusarium species whereas the antifungal azoles and the fungicide difenoconazole exhibited higher MICs against FSSC. Ethics Statement Samples were collected during routine patient care and the study was retrospective, therefore it was determined by the local Institutional Review Board of the Hospital de Clínicas, Federal University of Paraná and CAPES that ethical clearance was not indicated. Author Contributions PH, AA-H, FQ-T, and JM designed the study....
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe adequacy of flexible endoscope decontamination depends on numerous steps. With the increasing global incidence of multi-drug resistant organisms, stringent monitoring of the flexible endoscopy process by users and decontamination units is essential.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe adequacy of flexible endoscope decontamination depends on numerous steps. With the increasing global incidence of multidrug resistant organisms, stringent monitoring of the flexible endoscopy process by users and decontamination units is essential.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
gnolo Serratia marcescens belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae, which is commonly found in water, soil, animals, insects, plants. Although S. marcescens displays relatively low virulence, it causes nosocomial infections and outbreaks in severely immunocompromised or critically ill patients, particularly in settings such as intensive care units (ICUs), especially neonatal units (NICUs). This microorganism gives rise to a wide range of clinical manifestations in newborns: from asymptomatic colonization to keratitis, conjunctivitis, urinary tract infections, pneumonia, surgical wound infections, sepsis, bloodstream in...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2019Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Volume 16Author(s): J.H. van der Kolk, A. Endimiani, C. Graubner, V. Gerber, V. PerretenAbstractAcinetobacter spp. are aerobic, rod-shaped, Gram-negative bacteria belonging to the Moraxellaceae family of the class Gammaproteobacteria and are considered ubiquitous organisms. Among them, Acinetobacter baumannii is the most clinically significant species with an extraordinary ability to accumulate antimicrobial resistance and to survive in the hospital environment. Recent reports indicate that A. baumannii has also evolved into a veterinary nosoco...
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
More News: Cystoscopy | Infectious Diseases | Outbreaks | Urinary Tract Infections | Urology & Nephrology