Fecal Microbiome Data Distinguish Liver Recipients With Normal and Abnormal Liver Function From Healthy Controls

Emerging evidence suggests that altered intestinal microbiota plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many liver diseases, mainly by promoting inflammation via the “intestinal microbiota-immunity-liver” axis. We aimed to investigate the fecal microbiome of liver recipients with abnormal/normal liver function using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Fecal samples were collected from 90 liver recipients (42 with abnormal liver function (Group LT_A) and 48 with normal liver function (Group LT_N)) and 61 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HCs). Fecal microbiomes were analyzed for comparative composition, diversity, and richness of microbial communities. Principal coordinates analysis successfully distinguished the fecal microbiomes of recipients in Group LT_A from healthy subjects, with the significant decrease of fecal microbiome diversity in recipients in Group LT_A. Other than a higher relative abundance of opportunistic pathogens such as Klebsiella and Escherichia/Shigella in all liver recipients, the main difference in gut microbiome composition between liver recipients and HC was the lower relative abundance of beneficial butyrate-producing bacteria in the recipients. Importantly, we established a fecal microbiome index (specific alterations in Staphylococcus and Prevotella) that could be used to distinguish Group LT_A from Group LT_N, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve value of 0.801 and sensitivity and specificity values of 0.7...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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Authors: Marques E, Paluch Z, Boháč P, Slanař O, Běláček J, Hercogová J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Understanding how different comorbidities and epidemiological factors are related to psoriasis severity can help us estimating patients' clinical outcome. AIM: Establish possible prognostic factors of severe psoriasis. METHODS: Three groups of patients were included: 118 were on topical therapy, 83 used conventional systemic drugs and 112 were treated with biological agents. Based of the fact that patients on topical therapy have a lower grade of disease severity than patients treated syst...
Source: Journal of Dermatological Treatment - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Dermatolog Treat Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The validity of ICD-10 codes for cirrhosis, oesophageal varices and HCC is high. However, coding for ascites should be combined with a code of chronic liver disease to have an acceptable validity. PMID: 32960654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights that HSD17B13 rs72613567 is an important protective factor in multiple categories of liver diseases. PMID: 32964989 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Condition:   Acute Gastroenteritis Interventions:   Biological: Low-dose vaccine;   Biological: High-dose vaccine;   Biological: Placebo (containing aluminum);   Biological: Placebo (without aluminum) Sponsor:   Anhui Zhifei Longcom Biologic Pharmacy Co., Ltd. Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract Norovirus (NoV) is the main cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks worldwide. Although NoV spreads mainly from person to person, it is estimated that a large proportion of NoV outbreaks are caused by foodborne transmission. Bivalve mollusks are one of the most important foods involved in NoV transmission to humans. Little is known about NoV prevalence in shellfish harvested and commercialized in Brazil. The aim of this study was to map, for the first time, the distribution of NoV contamination in oysters and mussels harvested and commercialized in the coast of Pernambuco state, northeast Brazil. A total of 38...
Source: Braz J Med Biol Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Braz J Med Biol Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 September 2020Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and InfectionAuthor(s): Chin-Chung Tseng, Wei-Hung Lin, An-Bang Wu, Ming-Cheng Wang, Ching-Hao Teng, Jiunn-Jong Wu
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 September 2020Source: Journal of BiotechnologyAuthor(s): Takuya Matsumoto, Mizuho Kamino, Ryosuke Yamada, Yasuhiro Konishi, Hiroyasu Ogino
Source: Journal of Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Smith Etareri Evivie1,2†, Amro Abdelazez1,3, Bailiang Li1†, Xin Bian4, Wan Li1, Jincheng Du1, Guicheng Huo1* and Fei Liu1 1Key Laboratory of Dairy Science, Ministry of Education, College of Food Sciences, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China 2Food Science and Nutrition Unit, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria 3Department of Dairy Microbiology, Animal Production Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt 4Department of Food Engineering, Harbin University of Commerce, Harbin, China Foodborne pathogens are a ma...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study indicated that B-HCC and NBNC-HCC patients showed differential abundance of bacteria involved in different functions or biological pathways. We suggested the modification of specific gut microbiota may provide the therapeutic benefit for B-HCC and NBNC-HCC.
Source: Gut Pathogens - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract BackgroundThe aim of this study was to investigate the detectability of bacterial DNA (bactDNA) and associated clinical factors in patients with cholangitis after the Kasai procedure through the identification of bactDNA in blood. MethodsA cross‐sectional study of 110 patients who had undergone the Kasai procedure was carried out. A total of 77 patients had cholangitis and 33 did not. Blood samples were obtained on admission or on follow up at the outpatient visit. bactDNA was analyzed using a polymerase chain reaction‐based method, DNA nucleotide sequencing, for identification of bacterial species. ResultsRat...
Source: Pediatrics International - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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