Allogeneic adipose-derived stem cell transplantation on knee osteoarthritis rats and its effect on MMP-13 and DDR2.

This study investigated the efficacy of transplantation of allogeneic adipose-derived stem cells (ADMSCs) in rats with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and the effect on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) and discoid domain receptor 2 (DDR2). In total, sixty rats were randomly selected. Eleven rats were selected as the blank group. Forty-four rat KOA models were established, and the remaining 5 rats were used for stem cell extraction. The rats were randomly divided into two groups, and the transplantation group was treated with ADMSCs transplantation. The KOA group was intragastrically administered with saline. The expressions of MMP-13 mRNA and DDR2 in rats were detected by RT-qPCR and immunohistochemistry. Correlation analysis was performed in MMP-13 mRNA and DDR2 expression levels in the KOA rats. After treatment, the indexes of Lequesne MG knee joints, MMP-13 mRNA and DDR2 in the transplanted rats were significantly lower than those in the KOA group (P
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

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In this study, we reported a highly efficient and simple method to induce adipose-derived stem cells into neural progenitor cells within 12 hours, using serum-free culture combined with a well-defined induction medium (epidermal growth factor 20 ng/ml and basic fibroblast growth factor, both at 20 ng/ml, with N2 and B27 supplements). These adipose-derived stem cell-derived neural progenitor cells grow as neurospheres, can self-renew to form secondary neurospheres, and can be induced to become neurons and glial cells. Real-time polymerase chain reaction showed significantly upregulated expression of neurogenic genes Sox2 an...
Source: Cell Transplantation - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Transplant Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Treatment of osteoarthritis by a combination of arthroscopic microfracture and transplantation of autologous bone-marrow stem cells was an invasive, safe and effective method which showed an improvement in the clinical symptoms (VAS score) and knee functions (KOOS points). PMID: 31771038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research
This study demonstrates for the first time that senescent cells secrete functional LTs, significantly contributing to the LTs pool known to cause or exacerbate idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Against Senolytics https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/against-senolytics/ There is no consensus in science that is so strong as to have no heretics. So here we have an interview with a naysayer on the matter of senolytic treatments, who argues that the loss of senescent cells in aged tissues will cause more harm to long-term health than the damage they will do by remaining. To be clear, I think this to be a ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Zhang R, Ma J, Han J, Zhang W, Ma J Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative joint disease characterized by cartilage degradation, synovitis, subchondral bone sclerosis and osteophyte formation. Current therapeutic approaches for OA are not curative and only temporarily alleviate symptoms. In recent years, pre-clinical experiments and clinical trials have demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) related therapy is a promising option for the treatment of cartilage lesions and OA. MSCs isolated from bone marrow (BMSCs) have been widely used in animal models and clinic practice to demonstrat...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
In conclusion, high-dose NR induces the onset of WAT dysfunction, which may in part explain the deterioration of metabolic health. Towards a Rigorous Definition of Cellular Senescence https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/towards-a-rigorous-definition-of-cellular-senescence/ The accumulation of lingering senescent cells is a significant cause of aging, disrupting tissue function and generating chronic inflammation throughout the body. Even while the first senolytic drugs capable of selectively destroying these cells already exist, and while a number of biotech companies are working on the productio...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we hypothesized that moderately and chronically reducing ACh could attenuate the deleterious effects of aging on NMJs and skeletal muscles. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed NMJs and muscle fibers from heterozygous transgenic mice with reduced expression of the vesicular ACh transporter (VAChT), VKDHet mice, which present with approximately 30% less synaptic ACh compared to control mice. Because ACh is constitutively decreased in VKDHet, we first analyzed developing NMJs and muscle fibers. We found no obvious morphological or molecular differences between NMJs and muscle fibers of VKDHet and contro...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Han YH, Kim KH, Abdi S, Kim TK Abstract Stem cells are attracting attention as a key element in future medicine, satisfying the desire to live a healthier life with the possibility that they can regenerate tissue damaged or degenerated by disease or aging. Stem cells are defined as undifferentiated cells that have the ability to replicate and differentiate themselves into various tissues cells. Stem cells, commonly encountered in clinical or preclinical stages, are largely classified into embryonic, adult, and induced pluripotent stem cells. Recently, stem cell transplantation has been frequently applied t...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research
This study demonstrates the efficacy of MFAT on cartilage repair in an animal model for the first time, and the utility of MFAT as a ready-to-use therapeutic alternative to traditional stem cell therapy. PMID: 31565996 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cell Transplantation - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Transplant Source Type: research
Authors: Xia J, Minamino S, Kuwabara K, Arai S Abstract Stem cells are an undifferentiated cell population that has the ability to develop into many different cell types and also has the ability to repair damaged tissues in some cases. For a long time, the stem cell regenerative paradigm has been based on the assumption that progenitor cells play a critical role in tissue repair by means of their plasticity and differentiation potential. However, recent works suggest that the mechanism underlying the benefits of stem cell transplantation might relate to a paracrine modulatory effect rather than the replacement of a...
Source: BioScience Trends - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Biosci Trends Source Type: research
We examined human lung tissue from COPD patients and normal control subjects, and found a substantial increase in p16-expressing alveolar cells in COPD patients. Using a transgenic mouse deficient for p16, we demonstrated that lungs of mice lacking p16 were structurally and functionally resistant to CS-induced emphysema due to activation of IGF1/Akt regenerative and protective signaling. Fat Tissue Surrounds Skeletal Muscle to Accelerate Atrophy in Aging and Obesity https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/09/fat-tissue-surrounds-skeletal-muscle-to-accelerate-atrophy-in-aging-and-obesity/ Researchers her...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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